prezentare generala PNApuseni engl

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Information about prezentare generala PNApuseni engl

Published on October 3, 2007

Author: lawson


Slide1:  NATIONAL FOREST ADMINISTRATION – ROMSILVA ORADEA FORESTRY DIRECTORATE APUSENI NATURE PARK ADMINISTRATION APUSENI NATURE PARK ROMANIA Slide2:  ROMANIA National and nature parks network Aditionally Parcul Natural Lunca Prutului Inferior Parcul Naţional Defileul Jiului Total number of the Romanian parks is 27. Slide3:  CARPATHIANS ROMANIA General information Situated in Western Romania in the heart of Apuseni Mountains First declared in the year 2000 Administration formed in 2004 as a team of young professionals, 14 out of 21 positions filled at present Geologilcal, biological and cultural importance at national level Area of main tourist atraction in Apuseni Mountains, more than 300 000 visitors/year The biggest and most famous karst phenomenas in Romania are located here Area of historical importance, the proud of local people HUNGARY BULGARIA SERBIA MOLDAVIA BUCHAREST BLACK SEA Slide4:  Management Apuseni Nature Park Administration is a subunit of National Forest Administration, Oradea Forestry Directorate, functioning on the basis of a management contract signed between Ministry of Environment and Waters Management and National Forest Administration starting with 2004 for a period of 10 years. OFD is offering material and financial support for the park administration. Slide5:  Management team Apuseni Nature Park Administration - 21 persons - 6 persons in the office: Park director Chief ranger Biologist Outreach expert IT-GIS specialist Economist 15 rangers – field work – survey, control and monitoring of all kind of human activities on the park territory, wildlife monitoring, etc main tasks: analysis, planning, supervision and control Management Slide6:  Consultative Committee for Administration, formed by the main stakeholders (local public administrations, governmental institutions, companies, NGOs, etc) whose competence was approved by ministerial order. They have to provide expertise, to debate, to advise and to reccomend management solutions for park administration in order to meet their needs. Management Slide7:  Scientific Committee formed by scientists, experts, whose competence was approved by ministerial order and endorsed by the Romanian Academy-Natural Monuments Comission. They are the supervisor and control body of the park administration activities. Management Slide8:  Management Management plan first draft finalised in June 2006 not entered into force yet designed together with the stakholders, with the support of international consulting company financial support offered by EU through PHARE CBC programme Slide9:  Surface: 75784 ha Natural ecosystems prevails in Northern and central park area Sensitive forested karst areas are the most important to be preserved Covers land from 3 different counties: Bihor, Cluj and Alba 55 small and medium villages are located inside the park One of the most populated parks in Romania, ~ 10.000 inhabitants The most densely populated area is in South-Eastern side Management Slide10:  Main access roads to the park to the North from NR1 Oradea-Huedin-Cluj Napoca to the West from NR76 Oradea-Beiuş-Deva to the South from NR75 Lunca-Câmpeni-Turda Access Slide11:  More than 20 tourist routes in the park are connecting the main tourist objectives Nature Slide12:  Cetăţile Ponorului (The Fortress of Ponor) The largest karst phenomena in Romania Tallest cave portal ~70 Nature Slide13:  Cetatea Rădesei (The Fortress of Rădeasa) A classic example of a tunnel cave and a gorge formed by the falling of a cave’s ceiling Nature Slide14:  Groapa Ruginoasă (The Rusty Hole) The greatest natural erosion phenomenon of Romania Nature Slide15:  Focul Viu (The Living Fire) A cave that shelters an ice block (third largerst in Romania), illuminated through a window of the ceiling Nature Slide16:  Molhasurile de la Izbuce -peat bog one of the most important at national level unique plants association lowest altitude for Pinus mugo proposed to be declared scientific reserve Nature Slide17:  Nature Gheţarul Scărişoara Scărişoara Glacier the cave that shelters the biggest fossil ice block of Romania, second in Europe over 4000 years old, the oldest of Europe Slide18:  Nature Peştera Urşilor The Bear’s Cave -best visitor infrastructure in Romania hundreds of bear scheletons beautiful speleothemes partly scientific reserve 80 000 visitors/year Slide19:  Nature Apuseni Mountains = Sunset Mountains Slide20:  Typical landscapes as a result of long term interactions between humans and nature Local people are so called “motzi”, they are representing the most eloquent example of unique population from mountain area at national level People and landscapes Slide21:  People and landscapes… …culture and traditions. Slide22:  People and landscapes… …culture and traditions. Slide23:  Local economy based on forest exploitation and farming Over exploitation of natural rources generates negative changes at local and regional level, the most relevant example is illegal logging, jeoperdising sensitive forested karst ecosistems People and landscapes Slide24:  Pessimistic educational perspectives for young people and high unemployment rate and lack of new jobs offer is generating populational migration, from mountain areas to low lands Poor local development of the infrastructure (roads, communications, power and water supply systems, water seaweage and waste management systems) People and landscapes Slide25:  People and landscapes New park establishment is offering new perspectives for local communities: Development of tourist programmes aiming local traditions and agroturism in the park communities Promotion of the park image in order to create a tourist destination Creation of a new visit infrastructure on the park territory, including visitor centres Encouraging and support for improvement of the infrastructure in order to increase life quality in the local communities from the park Envolving young people in nature conservation and sustainable development projects New oportunities for local producers to use park identity (logo) in order to certify the origin of their products and to increase their profit Slide26:  Project area International fundings to support local development Conservation of Eastern European medicinal plants Arnica montana in Romania Co-ordinators: WWF, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine - Cluj Napoca and Garda de sus community Financed by Darwin Initiative UK Partner: Apuseni Nature Park Administration Inplementation area: Garda commune administrative territory in and outside of park area Overall objectives: Training and capacity building Development of a local resource Management and Trade Association Development and construction of Arnica drying facilities Research and studies Sustainable development Slide27:  Project outputs for the first 2 years: Local asociation for study of Arnica montana formed by land owners, colectors, scientists and local administration representatives Local small processing company formed by collectors and landowners Medium seize dryer for Arnica montana flowers Management plan for habitats of the plant and business plan for processing and selling Long term supply contract with a West European pharmaceuticals company Increasing incomes from 50 eurocents/kg to 17 euros/kg Eco-certified product by a Swiss Institute Sustainable development Slide28:  Results: Decreasing pressure on Arnica montana population in the park Increasing incomes for local pupulation for less quantity of flowers harvested from nature Sustainable development Slide29:  Capacity building and park administration infrastructure PHARE CBC project “Romanian-Hungarian Corridor for the Biodiversity Conservation” - financed by the EU (75%) and co-financed by the National Forest Administration (25%), total value 2.600.000 euro - objectives: - protection of the biodiversity; - development of the ecotourism programmes; - raising public awareness and ecological education programmes. - main partner: Koros-Maros National Park Directorate, Hungary - implementation period: December 2003 – November 2006 Slide30:  Capacity building and park administration infrastructure Main outputs -management plan and tourism strategy; infrastructure: 1 administrative centre and 4 visitor centre; 4,8 km of road connexion in upper mountain area; -endowments for office, laboratories, field monitoring, mountain rescue, caving; transport; uniforms; -promotional materials and public awareness programmes; -visitor infrastructure at large scale. Slide31:  Hungary - cooperation agreements signed in with 2 parks, Koros-Maros NP and Hortobagy NP Biosphere Reserve International cooperation Italy - cooperation agreements signed with Parco Regionale Adda Nord as leader for another 4 partner parks from Lombardy Region Slide32:  2006 Apuseni Nature Park Administration member of Europarc Federation Slide33:  Thank you!

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