Prevention of Diabetes07

50 %
50 %
Information about Prevention of Diabetes07
Entertainment

Published on August 9, 2007

Author: Gulkund

Source: authorstream.com

Preventing Diabetes:  Preventing Diabetes Cecilia Sauter MS, RD, CDE Diabetes Self-Management Education Program University of Michigan Slide2:  Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1990 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1). Slide3:  Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1991-92 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1). Slide4:  Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1993-94 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1). Slide5:  Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1995-96 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1). Slide6:  Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1995 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1). Slide7:  Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1997-98 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1). Slide8:  Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1999 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1). Slide9:  Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 2000 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1). Slide10:  Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes Trends Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 2001 Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and other obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 2003 Jan 1;289(1). Diabetes in the US:  Diabetes in the US Currently 20.8 million have diabetes 14.6 million have the diagnosis 6.2 million don’t know they have diabetes Etiology of Diabetes:  Etiology of Diabetes Family history Ethnicity African American Native American Hispanic Asian Americans Pacific Islanders Age Gestational Diabetes or babies over 9 pounds Etiology of Diabetes:  Etiology of Diabetes Increased weight BMI: overweight = 25.0 to 29.9 kg/m2 obese andgt; 30.0 kg/m2 Increased central (i.e., visceral) obesity Waist circumference: Men andgt; 40 in Women andgt; 35 in Decreased activity Metabolism without Diabetes:  Metabolism without Diabetes Insulin Sugar SI SI SI SI S S Body Blood Metabolism without Diabetes:  Metabolism without Diabetes Insulin Sugar S S S S S S S Blood Body S Metabolism with Diabetes:  Metabolism with Diabetes Insulin Sugar SI SI SI S S S Body Blood S S S Metabolism with Diabetes:  Metabolism with Diabetes Insulin Sugar SI SI SI S S S Body Blood S S S S Slide18:  FBG: 80-125 10-30 years Insulin Resistance Insulin Production Glucose Intolerance Diagnosis of Diabetes Fasting Blood Glucose Progression of Diabetes Pre-diabetes:  Pre-diabetes 2000 40 % of people aged 40-74 years 41 million 2002 54 million Prevention of Diabetes:  Prevention of Diabetes Diabetes Prevention Program Lifestyle changes Changes in eating habits Increase in physical activity 58% reduction in type 2 diabetes Prevention of Diabetes:  Prevention of Diabetes Weight loss 5% to 10% weight loss Weight loss rate of 1 to 2 lb/week Decrease of 300 to 500 kcal/day = 1/2 to 1 lb weight loss/week Increased physical activity and/or decreased food intake Prevention of Diabetes:  Prevention of Diabetes Healthy Nutrition Recommendations: Decrease total fat intake smaller amounts of high fat foods broiling/stir fry vs. frying remove skin from chicken substitute with low calorie/low-fat foods Prevention of Diabetes:  Prevention of Diabetes Healthy Nutrition Recommendations: Increase fruits and vegetables Whole grains vs. processed Include dry beans and lentils Drink water andamp; calorie free drinks Cut back on high calorie snacks Watch portion sizes Prevention of Diabetes:  Prevention of Diabetes Healthy Nutrition Recommendations: Rate your plate ¼ grains or starchy foods ¼ protein ½ non starchy vegetables Add 1 glass milk or small piece of fruit Prevention of Diabetes:  Prevention of Diabetes Physical Activity Benefits: Increases insulin sensitivity Decreases weight Decreases blood pressure and cholesterol Decreases stress DECREASES risk of type 2 diabetes Prevention of Diabetes:  Prevention of Diabetes Physical Activity Recommendations: 30 minutes/day for 5 to 7 days a week 10 minutes of activity 3 times/day Prevention of Diabetes:  Prevention of Diabetes Getting started: What activities can you do Realistic activities Start slow: What, when, where, how often, how long Challenging but not overly difficult Be flexible Reward yourself Calories Spent in Various Activities :  Calories Spent in Various Activities Walking, 3.0 miles/hr Walking 5 miles/hr Cycling, 8 miles/hour Mopping, vacuuming Scrubbing floors Gardening Vigorous dancing 275/hr 420/hr 325/hr 240/hr 300/hr 220/hr 320-500/hr Fad Diets:  Fad Diets Watch for rapid weight loss Loss of muscle mass and water vs. fat Expensive Nutritional Supplements:  Nutritional Supplements They DO not reduce risk of Type 2 Diabetes Safety is uncertain No scientific evidence to aid in weight loss Expensive Screening for Type 2 Diabetes:  Screening for Type 2 Diabetes Positive family history Ethnic group Increased weight and/or central obesity Gestational diabetes or big babies Decreased activity Symptoms of diabetes Increased thirst, increased urination andamp; weight loss Diagnostic Criteria for Type 2 Diabetes:  Diagnostic Criteria for Type 2 Diabetes Fasting blood sugar andgt; 126 mg/dl 2 hour glucose tolerance andgt; 200 mg/dl Acute symptoms plus random glucose andgt; 200 mg/dl Impaired Glucose Tolerance“Pre-diabetes”:  Impaired Glucose Tolerance 'Pre-diabetes' Impaired Fasting: Level between andgt;100 mg/dl and andlt;126 mg/dl Impaired glucose: During 2 hour glucose tolerance test Level between andgt;140 and andlt;200 mg/dl Thank you:  Thank you If you would like a copy of this presentation please send an email to: diabetes@umich.edu Questions?

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

363 Pre Diabetes - California Department of Public Health

363 Pre‐Diabetes Definition/Cut‐ ... Position statement on prevention or delay of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2004; 27:S47. 5 ...
Read more

Treatment for Diabetes - dcgogo.com

Diabetes knowledge, treatment, and prevention strategies advance daily. Treatment is aimed at keeping blood glucose near normal levels at all times.
Read more

AIR Presentation Final - Ace Recommendation Platform - 16

Prevention of Diabetes07 African American Native American Hispanic Asian Americans Pacific Islanders Age Gestational Diabetes or babies over 9 pounds ;
Read more

Update on the Canadian Diabetes Association 2008 clinical ...

acetylsalicylic acid (for secondary prevention). ... www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/ccdpc-cpcmc/diabetes-diabete/english/pdf/diabetes07_e.pdfAccessed 2008 Dec 3 ...
Read more

Preventing Diabetes.Jan.17.2007 Powerpoint Slide Download ...

Prevention of Diabetes07.ppt File Size: 2.37 MB Published on: July 8th, 2012 Publisher: www.med.umich.edu (Embed Code) Add to your site : Report Abuse ...
Read more

LenzT2008a - Ace Recommendation Platform - 1

J o u r n a l o f t h e A m e r i c a n P h a r m a c i s t s A s s o c i a t i o nw w w.japh a . orge92 • JAPhA • 48 : 4 • Ju l /Aug ...
Read more

Diabetes

Cause _____ and _____ known prevention. ... http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/ccdpc-cpcmc/diabetes-diabete/english/pdf/diabetes07_e.pdf.
Read more

Gestational Diabetes - Ace Recommendation Platform - 1

Gestational diabetes, defined as "carbohydrate intol-erance of variable severity with onset or first recogni-tion during pregnancy"1, existed as a ...
Read more