Prevention is a key for success in racing sled dog

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Information about Prevention is a key for success in racing sled dog
Science-Technology

Published on May 5, 2008

Author: dominiquegrandjean

Source: authorstream.com

Slide 1: Prevention : a key for sucess Dominique GRANDJEAN DVM, PhD, HDR Colonel, Chief veterinarian, Paris Fire Brigade Professor, Alfort National Veterinary School Head of Canine Breeding and Sport Medicine Unit Goals of a good preparation : Goals of a good preparation Sport performance Prevention of traumas/problems Better recovery after stamina Requires the best education of owner/trainer Slide 3: Optimisation of performance Prevention/Treatment of specific problems Nutrition Traumatology Stress related affections Loss of performance Fast rehabilitation Sled dogs Genetics Behaviour Training Keys to performance Sled dogs Slide 4: BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL SURVEY GENETIC SELECTION TRAINING PROGRAMS NUTRITION PLANS RESPECT OF HIGH MOTIVATION PERFORMANCE BY PREVENTION TRANSPORTATION LIFE IN KENNEL EQUIPMENTS Slide 5: A good physical performance starts at the kennel Slide 6: Most sled dogs live in (large) kennels with breeding activity 1/ Kennel design and management Global sanitory conditions Quarantine kennel Reproduction kennel Dogs behaviour impact Slide 7: 2/ High rates of parasitism Intensive prophylactic programs Contaminated environments Education of owners / trainers Most sled dogs live in (large) kennels with breeding activity Slide 8: Depressed imune response Life in collectivity 3/ Increased risks of infectious diseases Intensification / Enlargment of prophylactic programs - Leptospirosis every 6 month - Piroplamosis - Herpesvirosis - Coranovirosis Most sled dogs live in (large) kennels with breeding activity Slide 9: Design of dog trucks 4/ Numerous trips abroad Most racing sled dogs travel a lot Slide 10: 4/ Numerous trips abroad Problems related to air transportation of dogs Most racing sled dogs travel a lot Slide 11: . Local infectious diseases . Local parasitic diseases . Official documents . Return to kennel 4/ Numerous trips abroad National sanitory regulations Most racing sled dogs travel a lot Slide 13: BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL SURVEY GENETIC SELECTION TRAINING PROGRAMS NUTRITION PLANS RESPECT OF HIGH MOTIVATION PERFORMANCE BY PREVENTION TRANSPORTATION LIFE IN KENNEL EQUIPMENTS Slide 14: Actually based on breeders experience Motivation : behaviour Results : chrono, judge, discovery Stamina : speed, endurance, resistance Subjectivity +++ Variability +++ Credibility - - - Basics of genetic selection Slide 15: Trait Searching ability Finding Birds Marking birds Barking Holding birds Following birds Total impression Total score Repeatability 0.31 0.14 0.16 0.28 0.23 0.22 0.15 0.19 Heritability 0.07  0.03 0.11  0.03 0.04  0.02 0.02  0.02 0.18  0.04 0.10  0.03 0.09  0.03 0.11  0.03 [Vangen, 1989] Repeatabilities and heritabilities for the most important traits of the finish spitz Slide 16: Trait Follow up leash Follow up no leash Defense No conductor Ref. Food Attack Total impression Total score Heritability 0.03 0.09 0.00 0.28 0.00 0.54 0.06 0.17 [Degauchy, 1992] Heritabilities for different work qualities in the Malinois Belgian shepherd Slide 17: Yi = m + ai+ mi + ei Yi = one performance for one dog « i » m = mean of the standardized perfomances for individuals belongiong to group of dogs « i » ai = genetic value of dog « i » mi = total identified environmental effects (quantified) influencing performance Yi ei = total of unidientified environmental effects influencing performance Yi (other races, position, food…) Performance index Heritability studies Genetic selection Slide 19: BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL SURVEY GENETIC SELECTION TRAINING PROGRAMS NUTRITION PLANS RESPECT OF HIGH MOTIVATION PERFORMANCE BY PREVENTION TRANSPORTATION LIFE IN KENNEL EQUIPMENTS Slide 20: Respect a high degree of motivation 1 - Keep the dog happy 2 - Avoid overtraining 3 - As early as possible diagnosis of problems 4 - Stress consequences survey Slide 21: Environmental Stress Overcrowding Poor sanitation Intestinal parasites Infectious diseases Poor nutrition Poor vaccinations Poor quarantine Poor husbandry Racing injuries Temperature Humidity Iatrogenic injuries Emotional stress Fighting Prerace excitment Transport Competition for food Need for exercise Sexual competition Overwork [Holloway, 1998] Causes of stress in the racing sled dog Slide 22: Overtraining consequences Basedow-like (symp.) Early fatigue Hyperexcitation Sleep troubles Anorexia Body weight loss Tachycardia Slight hyperthermia Delayed recovery Exercise hyperpnea Tremors Addison like (parasymp.) Early fatigue Inhibition Sleep normaly Eats normaly Constant body weight Bradycardia Temperature normal Recovery normal Respiration normal Dyscoordination Slide 24: BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL SURVEY GENETIC SELECTION NUTRITION PLANS RESPECT OF HIGH MOTIVATION PERFORMANCE TRANSPORTATION LIFE IN KENNEL EQUIPMENTS TRAINING PROGRAMS Slide 25: Good training program Feeding plan Energy metabolism TRAIN / MAINTAIN / DETRAIN Respect Motivation Designed of physical training program Biological survey Basic principles • progressive • permanent Slide 26: Training programs Fuels utilization in racing sled dogs 2 principles to elaboratea good training program Knowledge of the mainsource of energy Adapt the overloading principle to developthe efficiency of thisparticular energy source Slide 27: Type of race Ultra-marathon race Long distance race Stage race Mid distance race Sprint race Example Iditarod, Finmark, Quest Montana, Femund, Kobuk Wyoming, AttaBoy, Alpirod EC, WC EC, WC p100 VO2 max 30 50 70 ➙ 110 80 ➙ 110 90 ➙ 120 Slide 28: Marathon Stage Sprint Fast recovery Aerobic power Anaerobic power “Fat” + O2 Glycogenresynthesis Slide 29: Interval training Endurance training Resistance training Slide 30: General principles for good training Volume Intensity Yearlings Trained adults Time 1/ Training load must grow progressively Slide 31: Training programs Preparation Training Maintain Transition Competition Detraining 2/ Training load must permanent Slide 32: Training programs 2/ Training load must permanent Avoid cuts in the training program  holidays (…)  traumas (physiotherapy)  sickness (early restart) For each type of competition the training puzzle will be different : For each type of competition the training puzzle will be different Motivation Respect of biology Speed Explosivity Proprioception Endurance Resistance Strenght Slide 34: Sporting performance capacity Respect the principle of overloading Strive for regular (annual) improvement in performance Take into account the primary energy source in relation to the effort demanded Respect psychological and behavioural constraints (individuality, paly time) Factors of physical condition and neuromuscular coordination (endurance, strength, speed, mobility) Slide 36: BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL SURVEY GENETIC SELECTION TRAINING PROGRAMS NUTRITION PLANS RESPECT OF HIGH MOTIVATION PERFORMANCE BY PREVENTION TRANSPORTATION LIFE IN KENNEL EQUIPMENTS Slide 37: Biological survey of racing sled dogs Is the dog able to compete ? Is « training » efficient ? Can the performance be predicted ? Slide 38: 1/  Complete clinical examination Cardiopulmonary system Musculoskeletal examination • observation of stance and gait • assessment of the range of flexion and extension of the joints • palpation of superficial musculature Feet problems detection Mucosas 2/ Official documents Individual ID [microchips] Sanitory documents Dedicated rules Veterinary evaluation of the ability to compete Slide 39: Biological survey of racing sled dogs Is the dog able to compete ? Is « training » efficient ? Can the performance be predicted ? Slide 40: DYNAMIC TESTS Standardized field test Same trial repeated each month Comparison Tf vs T0 Body temperature, Lactates, Free fatty acids Evolution of VO2 max Determination of VO2 max Anaerobic threshold • Treatmill and static equipment • K4 Cosmed equipment Evaluation of training efficiency Slide 41: Biological survey of racing dogs Is the dog able to compete ? Is « training » efficient ? Can the performance be predicted ? Slide 42: Prediction of performance Impossible Slide 43: BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL SURVEY GENETIC SELECTION TRAINING PROGRAMS NUTRITION PLANS RESPECT OF HIGH MOTIVATION PERFORMANCE BY PREVENTION TRANSPORTATION LIFE IN KENNEL EQUIPMENTS Slide 44: Equipments  Sleds  Lines  Harnesses  Booties  … Slide 45: BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL SURVEY GENETIC SELECTION TRAINING PROGRAMS NUTRITION PLANS RESPECT OF HIGH MOTIVATION PERFORMANCE BY PREVENTION TRANSPORTATION LIFE IN KENNEL EQUIPMENTS Slide 46: Nutritional strategies for racing sled dogs Slide 47: The key points of racingsled dogs nutrition Feed the correct amount of energy Feed the correct quality of energy Feed a diet coping with induced stress consequences Feed a very highly concentrated diet Feed a highly concentrated diet Adapt food distribution to each dog Allways prevent dehydratation Learn how to read in the stolls There is no « magic », no « guru », in nutrition Genetic + training + nutrition at the same level Slide 48: 1 – Physiology  Increased Energy Expenditure  Aero and/or Anaerobic stamina  Quality of nutritional energy  Impact of nutrition on VO2 max  High level of cellular oxidative stress  Extracellular dehydration Specificities of working dogs Slide 49: 2 – Type of work  Hard physical stamina  speed  resistance  endurance  jump  Stressing nose work  … Paris New York Specificities of working dogs Slide 50: 3 – Hostile environments Cold (Alaska) Warm (Argentina) Altitude (Chile) Specificities of working dogs Slide 51: 4 – Stress related pathology  Stress Diarrhea Dehydration Syndrom  Rhabdomyolisis  Water diabetis  Traumatology Specificities of search and rescue dogs Slide 52:    Proteins in the diet [Prot/Cal Ratio > 70] ↪ Endocrynology of stress ↪ Prevention of « Sport Anemia »    Energy transfers [L. carnitine, SCFA] ↪  VO2 max ↪  lactate production    Muscle oxigenation [Omega 3 fatty acids]   Inflammation    Oxidative Stress [Vitamin E, C, polyphenols, SOD,…] ↪ Prevention of related pathologies ↪  lenght of the dog’s carrier Research conducted with U.M.E.S. by Royal Canin Performance : Performance Prévention Slide 55: TRAINING VO2 max   Lactates Tolerance Muscle Power Anaerobic Lactic Power Movement balance Work as a game Red cell count   Oxidative stress   GOALS ENDURANCE RESISTANCE STRENGHT SPEED PROPRIOCEPTION MOTIVATION OXYGEN TRANSPORT STRESS NUTRITION Fueling : fat… LDH : Zn ; Vitamins B… Solid bones and tendons : Prot, Ca, P… Fueling : glycogen, Vit B… Quality of joints : gags, omega3, oe… Neuromediators : amino-acids Sports anemia: proteins Antioxidant nutrients Slide 56: Feed the correct amount of energy Rest 1100 kcal Iditarod 11000 kcal 4000 kcal Complément [# 4800 kcal/kg] Dryfood [#4800 kcal/kg] The key points of racing sled dogs nutrition Slide 57: Work Complément Dryfood Casein Eqt 30 p100 Satured fat 30 p100 MSC fat 25 p100 Omega 6/3 fat 4/1p100 Yeast 4p100 MVC 6p100 “45/45” “30/30” Slide 58: Feed the correct quality of energy Long satured fatty acids Short and Medium chains fatty acids Omega 3 fatty acids Glycogen resynthesis The key points of racing sled dogs nutrition Slide 59: Feed a diet coping with induced stress consequences Related problems . Stress Diarrhea Dehydratation Syndrom . Rhabdomyolisis . Sudden Death Syndrom .  Cognitive functions .   Performance The key points of racing sled dogs nutrition Slide 60: Nutritional approach of stress prevention . Protein level > 30p100 DM/En [PCR > 65 g / Megacol] . Omega 3 fatty acids . Antioxydants  vitamin E/C  polyphenols  bioflavonoids  SOD  … . Clays, FOS, MOS, psyllium The key points of racing sled dogs nutrition Feed a diet coping with induced stress consequences Slide 61: . Top quality dry food up to 4000 - 5000 kcal / day then . Top quality energy / protein complement Feed a highly digestible / concentrated diet The key points of racing sled dogs nutrition Slide 62: . Individual gastric response to stress [dry or watery] . Divide meals as much as possible . As early as possible after racing Food distribution The key points of racing sled dogs nutrition Slide 63: . Recovery helpers : 30 minutes after stamina  glycogene recharge  energy enhancers . Immediate energy sources  short-Medium Chain fatty acids  isotonic electrolytes Food distribution Snacks Reynolds, 1996 The key points of racing sled dogs nutrition Slide 64: . Dogs education in kennel . Use or abuse of electrolytes . Fat oxidation is metabolic water . Long distance : requirements  x 2 to 3 Food distribution The key points of racing sled dogs nutrition Slide 65: . L carnitin . Vitamin E . Vitamin C . Vitamins B . GAGS . Lutein, carotene, polyphenols . Probiotics . … Ergogenic aids carotene The key points of racing sled dogs nutrition Slide 66: BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL SURVEY GENETIC SELECTION TRAINING PROGRAMS NUTRITION PLANS RESPECT OF HIGH MOTIVATION PERFORMANCE IS NO MAGIC TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENTS LIFE IN KENNEL Slide 67: Improvement Genetics Motivation Training Nutrition OPTIMIZATION Working performance Maintenance Proprioception Early diagnosis Physiotherapy Specific nutrients PREVENTION Slide 68: THANK YOU ! QUESTIONS ? www.dominiquegrandjean.com

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