Prevention

50 %
50 %
Information about Prevention
Education

Published on March 15, 2008

Author: Marietta1

Source: authorstream.com

Prevention of Droplet / Airborne Transmitted Diseases:  Prevention of Droplet / Airborne Transmitted Diseases Infectious Disease Epidemiology Section Office of Public Health Louisiana Dept of Health & Hospitals 504-568-5005 *** 800-256-2748 www.oph.dhh.state.la.us Your taxes at work Individual Protection:  Individual Protection Masks:  Masks Surgical masks Masks:  Masks Tb respirators with HEPA filters, N95 Hardware store masks Powered Air Personal Respirators PAPR Masks:  Masks And others … Extended Precautions:  Extended Precautions Confined Spaces & Ventilation:  Confined Spaces & Ventilation Confined Spaces: TB Transmission in Bus:  Confined Spaces: TB Transmission in Bus Air Travel:  Air Travel Risk factors for transmission of respiratory tract infections Space confinement, Limited ventilation, Prolonged exposure times, Recirculating air Recirculation: Older systems: 100% fresh air, compressed, humidified and cooled Newer airplane recirculate ~ 50% of cabin air Air Travel: RTI:  Air Travel: RTI Zitter JAMA 2002;288:483-486. San Francisco - Denver, 2hrs Postflight respiratory symptoms Cold 20%, runny nose & cold, 10% Aggregation of 8 URI symptoms: 3% No differences between aircraft types Attack rate = 3%, - consistent w previous epi studies of URI incidence in people who were not traveling by airplane Jackson score (consisting of the sum of 8 respiratory symptoms, including headache, sneezing, chilliness, sore throat, malaise, nasal discharge, nasal obstruction, and cough, each measured from 0 to 3) that was higher than 13. Jackson GG, Dowling HF, Spiesman IG, Boand AV. Transmission of the common cold to volunteers under controlled conditions. Arch Intern Med. 1958;101:267-278 Air Travel: TB:  Air Travel: TB CDC 1995. MMWR March 03, 1995 / 44(08);137-140 January 1993 - February 1995 6 instances of TB exposures in commercial flights 1-Flight Attendant: May-Oct 1992: Cough  Pm TB dg 11/92 25% infected in exposed coworkers Aug-Oct 4.1% infected in exposed coworkers May-Jun 1.6% infected in 247 never exposed coworkers 2-Apr 94: Honolulu-Chicago, 7hrs/50mn, -Baltimore 2 hrs, return flight: 4/257 converted 3- No infection Dec 92: London-Minneapolis, 9-hr Mar 93: Frankfurt-New York City, 8½ hrs … Air Travel: SARS:  Air Travel: SARS WHO 2003: 35 flights w probable symptomatic SARS among passengers or crew 4 flights w possible transmission For example: Cathay Pacific flight, 72 year old Beijing M infected after visiting daughter in Hong Kong Infected  9 tourists from Hong Kong 3 Taiwan business men 2 Chinese government officials 2 flight attendants 1 Singaporean woman Later a group of HCW in a Beijing hospital Health care: Isolation Precautions:  Health care: Isolation Precautions Precaution System CDC 1996:  Precaution System CDC 1996 IS AN EXPANSION OF UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS Standard Precautions:  Standard Precautions Same concept as UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS Precautions should be taken for any contact with Blood and Body Fluid (UP) AND for any contact with - secretions and excretions, - mucous membranes, - damaged skin, - contaminated environment and equipment If it is wet, red or dirty Take Precautions Hand washing:  Hand washing 10-15s Wash hand Alcohol based hand rubs Surgical Masks, Eye Protection Face Shields:  Surgical Masks, Eye Protection Face Shields For Personnel - protect from splashes /sprays of BBF/ S E - to prevent large droplets (<5m) on/from patient For patients - to prevent emission of droplet (large and droplet nuclei) Airborne Precautions:  Airborne Precautions ROOM WITH VENTILATION CONTROL - Negative air pressure - >6 air exchange /hour - HEPA filtered or exhaust out PERSONAL RESPIRATOR PATIENT wears surgical mask if coughing & when transported Small droplets (<5m) emitted when coughing, & performance of procedures Airborne Precautions Personal Respirator:  Airborne Precautions Personal Respirator For Personnel In AIRBORNE ISOLATION ONLY To prevent inhalation of droplet nuclei Main leak comes from poor fit around face Keep Air Flowing:  Keep Air Flowing Airborne Precautions During Travel:  Airborne Precautions During Travel Car:  Car Flight:  Flight Prevention:  Prevention Stop Breathing

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

dict.cc | prevention | Wörterbuch Englisch-Deutsch

Übersetzung für prevention im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch dict.cc.
Read more

Prevention

Information about getting fit, losing weight, and living healthier lives from Prevention.com.
Read more

Prevention - definition of prevention by The Free Dictionary

pre·ven·tion (prĭ-vĕn′shən) n. The act of preventing something: the prevention of illness. prevention (prɪˈvɛnʃən) n 1. the act of preventing 2 ...
Read more

Prevention | Zika virus | CDC

What we know. No vaccine exists to prevent Zika. Prevent Zika by avoiding mosquito bites. Mosquitoes that spread Zika virus bite mostly during the daytime.
Read more

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC 24/7: Saving Lives. Protecting People.™ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty ...
Read more

Prevention - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Health and medicine. Prevention, an American healthy lifestyle magazine; Preventive medicine, measures to prevent diseases or injuries rather than curing ...
Read more

Prevention First

Prevention First Check-Up. Das Verhindern vermeidbarer Krankheiten und der möglichst lebenslange Erhalt der körperlichen und geistigen Gesundheit sind ...
Read more

Violence Prevention Network (VPN)

Violence Prevention Network ist ein Verbund erfahrener Fachkräfte, die seit Jahren mit Erfolg in der Extremismusprävention sowie der Deradikalisierung ...
Read more

Helios Prevention Center

Ganzheitliche Vorsorge aus einer Hand. Die HELIOS Prevention Center (HPC) der HELIOS Kliniken Gruppe bieten an mehreren Standorten in Deutschland Programme ...
Read more

Intrusion Prevention System – Wikipedia

Als Intrusion-Prevention-Systeme (kurz: IPS) werden Intrusion-Detection-Systeme (kurz: IDS) bezeichnet, die über die reine Generierung von Ereignissen ...
Read more