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Preterite Verbs

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Information about Preterite Verbs

Published on February 12, 2009

Author: davidsoj

Source: slideshare.net

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PowerPoint presentation on preterite verbs
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The Preterit Tense

The Preterite tense The preterite tense describes an action that began and ended at a definite time in the past. Ex. Ellos fueron a Florida ayer. Ex. Fueron a Miami.

The preterite tense describes an action that began and ended at a definite time in the past.

Ex. Ellos fueron a Florida ayer.

Ex. Fueron a Miami.

AR Verbs in the preterite Yo- é Tú- aste Él - ó Ella - ó Usted - ó Nosotros,as- amos Vosotros,as- asteis Ellos- aron Ellas- aron Ustedes- aron

Er and IR verbs in the preterite Nosotros,as- imos Vosotros,as- isteis Ellos- ieron Ellas- ieron Ustedes- ieron Yo- í Tú- iste Él - i ó Ella - i ó Usted - i ó

Some Irregular Verbs- Ir and Ser Nosotros,as- fu imos Vosotros,as- fu isteis Ellos- fueron Ellas- fueron Ustedes- fueron Yo- fui Tú- fu iste Él - fue Ella - fue Usted - fue See the list of irregular verbs on page 36 of your textbook.

More Irregular Verbs- Dar- di diste dio dimos disteis dieron Ver- vi viste vio vimos visteis vieron Spelling Changes- Remember that spelling changes with verbs that end in –car , -gar, -zar. (ONLY IN YO) Buscar- busqué bucaste buscó buscamos buscasteis buscaron Jugar- jugué jugaste jugó jugamos jugasteis jugaron Empezar- empecé empezaste empezó empezamos empezasteis empezaron

Common Time Expressions Ayer - Yesterday Anoche - Last night Ayer por la tarde- Yesterday afternoon Ayer por la mañana- Yesterday morning El año (mes) pasado- Last year (month) La semana pasada- Last week Hace una semana (un año)- One week ago (year) En el siglo ocho- In the eighth century

Ayer - Yesterday

Anoche - Last night

Ayer por la tarde- Yesterday afternoon

Ayer por la mañana- Yesterday morning

El año (mes) pasado- Last year (month)

La semana pasada- Last week

Hace una semana (un año)- One week ago (year)

En el siglo ocho- In the eighth century

Stem-Changing in the Preterite

Stem-Changing Rules In the preterite verbs only stem change in the he/she form (él, ella, usted) and the they form (ellos, ellas, ustedes).

In the preterite verbs only stem change in the he/she form (él, ella, usted) and the they form (ellos, ellas, ustedes).

E:I stem changers Pedir – to ask for Servir – to serve Fre í r – to fry Medir – to measure Repetir – to repeat Seguir – to follow, to continue Sonre í r – to smile Sentir –to feel, perceive, sense Preferir – to prefer Sugerir – to suggest

Pedir – to ask for

Servir – to serve

Fre í r – to fry

Medir – to measure

Repetir – to repeat

Seguir – to follow, to continue

Sonre í r – to smile

Sentir –to feel, perceive, sense

Preferir – to prefer

Sugerir – to suggest

O:U stem-changers Dormir- to sleep Morir – to die

Dormir- to sleep

Morir – to die

You try a few… Yo – dormir Él - preferir Ellos- morir Nosotros- seguir Ella- pedir Usted- medir

Yo – dormir

Él - preferir

Ellos- morir

Nosotros- seguir

Ella- pedir

Usted- medir

Answers… Yo – dormir dorm í Él – preferir prefiri ó Ellos- morir murieron Nosotros- seguir seguimos Ella- pedir pidi ó Usted- medir midi ó

Yo – dormir dorm í

Él – preferir prefiri ó

Ellos- morir murieron

Nosotros- seguir seguimos

Ella- pedir pidi ó

Usted- medir midi ó

The Imperfect

The Imperfect The imperfect is the other past tense. The imperfect is used to describe habitual or repeated actions in the past. There is no stem-changing in the imperfect tense. 

The imperfect is the other past tense. The imperfect is used to describe habitual or repeated actions in the past.

There is no stem-changing in the imperfect tense. 

Regular Endings AR Yo- aba Tú- abas Él,Ella, Ud. – aba Nosotros(as) – ábamos Vosotros(as)- abais Ellos (as), Uds.- aban ER, IR Yo- ía Tú- ías Él,Ella, Ud. – ía Nosotros(as) – íamos Vosotros(as)- íais Ellos (as), Uds.- ían

AR

Yo- aba

Tú- abas

Él,Ella, Ud. – aba

Nosotros(as) – ábamos

Vosotros(as)- abais

Ellos (as), Uds.- aban

ER, IR

Yo- ía

Tú- ías

Él,Ella, Ud. – ía

Nosotros(as) – íamos

Vosotros(as)- íais

Ellos (as), Uds.- ían

Irregular Verbs- only 3! Ir iba ibas iba íbamos ibais iban Ver veía veías veía veíamos veíais veían Ser era eras era éramos erais eran

Ir

iba

ibas

iba

íbamos

ibais

iban

Ver

veía

veías

veía

veíamos

veíais

veían

Common Time Expressions Siempre - always A menudo - often Con frecuencia- With frecuency, frequently Muchas veces- Many times Cada (día, viernes, semana, año) –Each (day, Friday, week, year) En la época precolombiana – In the precolombian age (era)- Durante el Renacimiento- During the rebirth (Renaissance)

You try a few… Yo – caminar Él - preferir Ellos- pagar Nosotros- seguir Ella- pedir Usted- hablar

Answers… Yo – caminar caminaba Él – preferir prefer ía Ellos- pagar pagaban Nosotros- seguir segu íamos Ella- pedir ped ía Usted- hablar hablaba

Difference between preterite and imperfect...

The difference is in the past… The preterite is used to express actions or events that began and ended at a specific time in the past. The imperfect is used to talk about continuous , habitual or repeated past action. The exact moment when the action began or ended is not important.

The preterite is used to express actions or events that began and ended at a specific time in the past.

The imperfect is used to talk about continuous , habitual or repeated past action. The exact moment when the action began or ended is not important.

Examples Complete Action Él fue al cine el viernes. Vio un filme polic í aco. Le gust ó el filme. Repeated, Habitual Actions Ella iba al cine todos los viernes. Siempre ve í a filmes polic í acos. Le gustaban todos los filmes.

Complete Action

Él fue al cine el viernes.

Vio un filme

polic í aco.

Le gust ó el filme.

Repeated, Habitual Actions

Ella iba al cine todos los viernes.

Siempre ve í a filmes polic í acos.

Le gustaban todos los filmes.

One more note… You most often use the imperfect with verbs such as querer, saber, pensar, desear, sentir, poder, and creer that describe a state of mind or a feeling. Él sab í a donde estaba la iglesia. La quer í a visitar. Sent í a mucho no poder verla.

You most often use the imperfect with verbs such as querer, saber, pensar, desear, sentir, poder, and creer that describe a state of mind or a feeling.

Él sab í a donde estaba la iglesia.

La quer í a visitar.

Sent í a mucho no poder verla.

Two actions in one sentence

Two actions in one sentence. A sentence in the past will frequently have two verbs. Both may be in the same tense or each one in a different tense.

A sentence in the past will frequently have two verbs. Both may be in the same tense or each one in a different tense.

Two actions cont. Look at the picture on the board. Any verb that can be placed in the wavy area describes what was going on. They describe the background and are in the imperfect. Any verbs that can be placed in the slash indicate what happened, what took place. They tell the action and are in the preterite.

Look at the picture on the board. Any verb that can be placed in the wavy area describes what was going on. They describe the background and are in the imperfect. Any verbs that can be placed in the slash indicate what happened, what took place. They tell the action and are in the preterite.

Two actions cont. Now try these. I was talking on the phone when my mom entered . Last year we went to Florida and swam . When I was a child, we always rented a house that was on beach and swam in the ocean. Would they be in the wavy area or the slash? Now translate to Spanish.

Now try these.

I was talking on the phone when my mom entered .

Last year we went to Florida and swam .

When I was a child, we always rented a house that was on beach and swam in the ocean.

Would they be in the wavy area or the slash?

Now translate to Spanish.

Answers… Yo estaba hablando por teléfono cuando mi madre entró . El año pasado nosotros fuimos a Florida y nadamos . Cuando yo era un(a) nino(a), siempre alquilábamos una casa que estaba en la playa y nadábamos en el océano.

Yo estaba hablando por teléfono cuando mi madre entró .

El año pasado nosotros fuimos a Florida y nadamos .

Cuando yo era un(a) nino(a), siempre alquilábamos una casa que estaba en la playa y nadábamos en el océano.

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