Preterite tense mine

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Information about Preterite tense mine

Published on February 18, 2014

Author: mcpeg



Spanish Preterite Tense

THE PRETERITE TENSE A simple past tense in Spanish

What is the preterite tense?

The preterite is a simple past tense in Spanish. It is used for:

An action completed in the past Ayer le escribí una carta a mi mamá. Yesterday I wrote a letter to my mom.

An action viewed as a single event in the past Ellos llegaron a las ocho. They arrived at 8:00.

Actions that were repeated a specific number of times Anteayer llamé a mi novio tres veces. The day before yesterday I called my boyfriend three times.

Actions that occurred during a specific period of time Nosotros trabajamos en la librería por dos años. We worked at the bookstore for two years.

Actions that were a part of a chain of events Ella se levantó, se vistió, y salió de la casa. She got up, got dressed, and left the house.

Stating the beginning or end of an action. Empezó a nevar a las cuatro de la tarde. It began to snow at 4:00 p.m.

How is the preterite formed?

For regular -AR Verbs drop the -AR and add the following: Yo é Tú aste Usted El Ella ó ó ó Nosotros Nosotras amos amos Ustedes Ellos Ellas aron aron aron

For Regular -ER or -IR Verbs drop the -ER or -IR and add the following: Yo í Tú ió ió ió imos imos Ustedes Ellos Ellas ieron ieron ieron iste Usted El Ella Nosotros Nosotras

Ser (to be) and Ir (to go) are irregular and have the same conjugation: Yo fui Tú fuiste Usted El Ella fue fue fue Nosotros Nosotras fuimos fuimos Ustedes Ellos Ellas fueron fueron fueron

Dar (to give) is irregular: (*It is the only –AR verb that takes –ER/-IR endings, but with NO accent marks!!) Yo di Tú diste Usted El Ella dio dio dio Nosotros Nosotras dimos dimos Ustedes Ellos Ellas dieron dieron dieron

Ver is a companion verb to Dar •It also takes –ER/-IR endings (okay, it is an –ER verb!) but WITHOUT the accent marks!!!

Ver – to see Yo vi Tú viste Usted El Ella vio vio vio Nosotros Nosotras vimos vimos Ustedes Ellos Ellas vieron vieron vieron

Verbs that end with –CAR, -GAR & -ZAR will take spelling changes in the ‘YO’ form!! C→QU G→GU Z→C

-CAR verbs have an irregular yo. Buscar (to look for) is an example: Yo busqué Tú buscaste Usted El Ella buscó buscó buscó Nosotros Nosotras buscamos buscamos Ustedes Ellos Ellas buscaron buscaron buscaron

-GAR verbs have an irregular yo. Jugar (to play) is an example: Yo jugué Tú jugaste Usted El Ella jugó jugó jugó Nosotros Nosotras jugamos jugamos Ustedes Ellos Ellas jugaron jugaron jugaron

-ZAR Verbs have an irregular yo. Empezar (to begin) is an example: Yo empecé Tú empezaste Usted El Ella empezó empezó empezó Nosotros Nosotras empezamos empezamos Ustedes Ellos Ellas empezaron empezaron empezaron

-AR and -ER verbs that change their stem in the present tense do not change in the preterite. They are conjugated just like other regular preterite verbs.

IR verbs that change their stem in the present tense do change in the preterite, but in a different way. •They change only in the él and ellos forms. •The changes are e→i and o→u.

Dormir (o-ue) (to sleep) is an example of this rule: Yo dormí Tú dormiste Usted El Ella durmió durmió durmió Nosotros Nosotras dormimos dormimos Ustedes Ellos Ellas durmieron durmieron durmieron

Another example is preferir (e-ie) (to prefer): Yo preferí Tú preferiste Usted El Ella prefirió prefirió prefirió Nosotros Nosotras preferimos preferimos Ustedes Ellos Ellas prefirieron prefirieron prefirieron

And finally, Sentir (e-ie) (to feel, regret, be sorry): Yo sentí Tú sentiste Usted El Ella sintió sintió sintió Nosotros Nosotras sentimos sentimos Ustedes Ellos Ellas sintieron sintieron sintieron

Verbs that end in -AER, -EER, -OIR and -UIR. •The él,/ella/usted form uses the ending yó (rather than ió). •The third person plural uses the ending yeron (rather than ieron). •The remaining forms gain a written accent over the letter i.

Some examples of these verbs are: •Caer •Creer •Oír •Construir •Destruir •Leer

Leer (to read) looks like this in the preterite tense. Yo leí Tú leíste Usted El Ella leyó leyó leyó Nosotros Nosotras leímos leímos Ustedes Ellos Ellas leyeron leyeron leyeron

El Fin

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