Presentation1 Mobility

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Information about Presentation1 Mobility

Published on November 19, 2008

Author: maliadamit

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Migration topic (Paper 1)

The ability of an individual to move/ migrate from one area to another. MOBILITY MIGRABILITY How likely is a person to migrate.

Factors for migrability People migrate depending on: Gender, age, financial status, skills (high & low), Aspiration (ambition) information, family ties ( bond are strong or pressure), transport available, perception (view) & obstacles, etc.

People migrate depending on:

Gender,

age,

financial status,

skills (high & low),

Aspiration (ambition)

information,

family ties ( bond are strong or pressure),

transport available,

perception (view) &

obstacles, etc.

RAVENSTEIN Ernest Ravenstein is widely regarded as the earliest migration theorist. Ravenstein, an English geographer, used census data from England and Wales to develop his "Laws of Migration" (1889). He concluded that migration was governed by a "push-pull" Process. Ravenstein's laws stated that the primary cause for migration was better external economic opportunities; the volume of migration decreases as distance increases; migration occurs in stages instead of one long move; population movements are bilateral; and migration differentials (e.g., gender, social class, age) influence a person's mobility.

RAVENSTEIN

Ernest Ravenstein is widely regarded as the earliest migration theorist. Ravenstein, an English geographer, used census data from England and Wales to develop his "Laws of Migration" (1889).

He concluded that migration was governed by a "push-pull"

Process.

Ravenstein's laws stated that the primary cause for migration was better external economic opportunities; the volume of migration decreases as distance increases; migration occurs in stages instead of one long move; population movements are bilateral; and migration differentials (e.g., gender, social class, age) influence a person's mobility.

(B) GRAVITY MODEL

(B) GRAVITY MODEL

(C ) ZELLINGSKY’S MODEL Changes take place in rate & scale of migration s society transformed over time: Pre-modern traditional society : limited migration & local between rural places. (ii) In early transitional society : change movement from countryside to cities. (iii) Modern state levels : large urban migration (vast migration between Urban areas. (iv) Late modern industrial societies : reversal migration (Post industrial societies less migration influence circulated by communication media)

(C ) ZELLINGSKY’S MODEL

Changes take place in rate & scale of migration s society

transformed over time:

Pre-modern traditional society : limited migration & local

between rural places.

(ii) In early transitional society : change movement from countryside

to cities.

(iii) Modern state levels : large urban migration (vast migration between

Urban areas.

(iv) Late modern industrial societies : reversal migration (Post industrial

societies less migration influence circulated by communication media)

(D) BEHAVIOURAL MODEL. Everett Lee (1966) reformulated Ravenstein's theory to give more emphasis to internal (or push) factors. Lee also outlined the impact that intervening obstacles have on the migration process. He argued that variables such as distance, physical and political barriers, and having dependents can impede or even prevent migration. Lee pointed out that the migration process is selective because differentials such as age, gender, and social class affect how persons respond to push-pull factors, and these conditions also shape their ability to overcome intervening obstacles. Furthermore, personal factors such as a person's education, knowledge of a potential receiver population, family ties, and the like can facilitate or retard migration.

(D) BEHAVIOURAL MODEL.

Everett Lee (1966) reformulated Ravenstein's theory to give more

emphasis to internal (or push) factors.

Lee also outlined the impact that intervening obstacles have on the

migration process.

He argued that variables such as distance, physical and political barriers,

and having dependents can impede or even prevent migration. Lee

pointed out that the migration process is selective because differentials

such as age, gender, and social class affect how persons respond to

push-pull factors, and these conditions also shape their ability to

overcome intervening obstacles.

Furthermore, personal factors such as a person's education, knowledge

of a potential receiver population, family ties, and the like can facilitate or

retard migration.

 

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