presentation reynolds

50 %
50 %
Information about presentation reynolds
Entertainment

Published on November 7, 2007

Author: Dabby

Source: authorstream.com

Sea Surface Temperature (SST) In Situ Network for Climate:  Sea Surface Temperature (SST) In Situ Network for Climate Richard W. Reynolds Huai-Min Zhang Thomas M. Smith National Climatic Data Center Asheville, NC SST Analysis Errors:  SST Analysis Errors There are three types of analysis errors: Sampling, Random, Bias If the random observational errors are known, analysis sampling and random errors can easily be computed Optimum Averaging results show that random plus sampling errors on monthly 5o scales are small: < 0.3oC This is due to the high density of satellite observations SST Data and Analysis for 1 Week 14-20 December 1997: El Niño:  SST Data and Analysis for 1 Week 14-20 December 1997: El Niño oC Bias Errors:  Bias Errors Biases occur with all satellite data due to instrument and algorithm problems Typical bias: 0.2 to 0.5oC Worst case bias: 2 to 3oC In situ (ship & buoy) data are needed to correct any satellite bias There is no convenient algorithm to compute bias We don't know when biases will occur GOAL: Assume required SST analysis bias accuracy is 0.2-0.5oC monthly on 5o spatial grid Needler, et al. 1999, OceanObs’99 AVHRR Nighttime Biases:  AVHRR Nighttime Biases Volcanoes El Chichón: Mar '82 - Sep '83 Mt. Pinatubo: Jun '91 - Mar '92 NOAA Satellite Periods NOAA-7: Nov '81 - Feb '85 NOAA-9: Feb '85 - Nov '88 NOAA-11: Nov '88 - Dec '94 NOAA-12: Dec '94 - Apr '95 NOAA-14:Apr '95 - Feb '01 NOAA-16: Feb '01- ……… Zonal Difference: OI.v2-Night Satellite NOAA-7 NOAA-9 NOAA-11 NOAA-16 NOAA-14 NOAA-11 Simulation of Bias Errors:  Simulation of Bias Errors OI analysis used with bias correction For Jan 1990 to Dec 2002 Climatology is first guess (FG) Spatial satellite bias EOF patterns computed Bias is OI with minus OI without bias correction Define Gaussian Noise Functions, a(t) & b(t), with mean of 0 and variance of 1 Satellite SSTs are simulated at actual data locations Satellite SSTs = FG(t) + Bias(t) where Bias(t) = EOF(i) * a(t), i is the EOF (1-6) EOF absolute maximum scaled to 2oC Simulation of Bias Errors-2:  Simulation of Bias Errors-2 Buoy data are simulated on different grids Buoy SSTs = FG(t) + 0.5oC * b(t), where the buoy random observational error is 0.5oC Compute RMS Differences between the simulated OI and First Guess over time If there were no buoy data, the RMS residual would be equal to the absolute value of the EOF If there were complete buoy and/or ship sampling, the RMS would be 0 Results:  Results A Potential Satellite SST Bias Error as a function of buoy density Potential is used because if satellite data have no biases, no buoy data are needed By definition the satellite biases are scaled so that the potential bias error without buoys is 2oC, a worst case bias error Potential SST Satellite Bias Error:  Number of Buoys on 10o grid Goal: 0.5oC Potential SST Satellite Bias Error Goal Exceeded by 2 Buoys on 10o Grid SST Error (Co) 2 0.2oC Satellite Bias Error Set to 2oC Buoy Equivalent Density:  Buoy Equivalent Density "Buoy Equivalent" defined by: Number of Ships/7 + Number of Buoys Because ships are nosier than buoys, 7 ships equals 1 buoy Potential SST Satellite Bias Error:  Potential SST Satellite Bias Error Goal: 0.5oC To reach density of 2 per 10o grid need additional 60oS - 60oN 189 buoys 60oS - 20oS 102 buoys 20oS - 20oN 65 buoys 20oN - 60oN 22 buoys No Buoys Conclusions:  Conclusions Satellite data greatly reduces SST analysis sampling and random errors over analyses using ship and buoy data alone Bias errors were simulated with biased satellite data & unbiased buoy data Results show that an equivalent buoy density of 2 buoys on a 10o grid is required to reduce the potential satellite bias from 2oC to below 0.5oC An equivalent buoy is 7 ships or 1 buoy Present ship and buoy data distribution is not adequate Roughly 200 additional buoys are needed

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Presentation Tips | Garr Reynolds Official Site

For professionals today, presentation and public-speaking skills are more important than ever. Management guru, Tom Peters, for example, says that ...
Read more

Presentation Zen von Garr Reynolds - amazon.de

Garr Reynolds - Presentation Zen: Simple Ideas on Presentation Design and Delivery (Voices That Matter) jetzt kaufen. ISBN: 9780321811981, Fremdsprachige ...
Read more

Presentation Zen Design: Simple Design Principles and ...

Garr Reynolds - Presentation Zen Design: Simple Design Principles and Techniques to Enhance Your jetzt kaufen. ISBN: 9780321934154, Fremdsprachige Bücher ...
Read more

Presentation Zen Tips - Garr Reynolds Official...

Presentation Zen How to Design & Deliver Presentations Like a Pro By Garr Reynolds (info@garrreynolds.com) This brief handout, highlights many of the key ...
Read more

Presentation Zen

Successful presentation consists of aligning language with truth, ... Garr Reynolds: Presentation Zen (Voices That Matter) Daniel Pink: A Whole New Mind: ...
Read more

Presentation Zen Design - Buchhandel.de - Garr Reynolds, E ...

Garr Reynolds - Presentation Zen Design - Simple Design Principles and Techniques to Enhance Your Presentations - Buchhandel.de - Bücher lokal kaufen
Read more

Garr Reynolds (@presentationzen) | Twitter

The latest Tweets from Garr Reynolds (@presentationzen). Author of Presentation Zen. Lives in Japan. Family guy. Helps people tell their stories through ...
Read more

Presentation - Reynolds European

Presentation. Founded in Paris 1959, REYNOLDS EUROPEAN SAs is an indispensable partner for producers and users of non-ferrous metals. Its teams of ...
Read more

Presentation Zen: Simple Ideas on Presentation Design and ...

Buy Presentation Zen: Simple Ideas on Presentation Design and Delivery on Amazon.com FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders
Read more

Automotive Dealership Solutions | DMS | Reynolds and Reynolds

Reynolds and Reynolds offers ERA® and POWER DMS software, Web solutions, consulting, and documents to help automotive dealerships drive profitability.
Read more