Published on April 27, 2014
ONNIK JAMES KRIKORIAN HTTP://WWW.ONNIK-KRIKORIAN.COM HTTP://WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/ONEWMPHOTO
Twenty years after the end of the Soviet Union, the South Caucasus countries can no longer be considered ‘in transition.’ Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia have built functioning sovereign states. But many questions remain about how well they are faring […] THE SOUTH CAUCASUS 20 YEARS AFTER INDEPENDENCE THOMAS DE WAAL, CARNEGIE ENDOWMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACE HTTP://CARNEGIEENDOWMENT.ORG/2011/11/28/SOUTH-CAUCASUS-20-YEARS-AFTER- INDEPENDENCE/6NRL?RELOADFLAG=1 THE SOUTH CAUCASUS
NAGORNO KARABAKH © ONNIK JAMES KRIKORIAN 1994
YEZIDI CHILD, ALAGYAZ, ARMENIA © ONNIK JAMES KRIKORIAN 1998
THE MEDIA DATA: FREEDOM HOUSE CAUCASUS RESEARCH RESOURCE CENTERS (CRRC)
THE MEDIA DATA: CAUCASUS RESEARCH RESOURCE CENTERS (CRRC) How wellTV journalists inform the population (%) CB 2012 Armenia Azerbaijan Georgia 12% 7% 8% 4% 8% 11% 8% 9% 19% 49% 28% 42% 21% 33% 16% 6% 14% 4% Very well Quite well In the middle Quite poorly Very poorly Don't know
OPPOSITION PROTEST, ARMENIA © ONNIK JAMES KRIKORIAN 2003
44-YEAR-OLD TUBERCULOSIS SUFFERER, ARMENIA © ONNIK JAMES KRIKORIAN 2004
THE INTERNET DATA: ! CAUCASUS RESEARCH RESOURCE CENTERS (CRRC) CAUCASUS BAROMETER 2012 0 18 35 53 70 Social Networks Skype Search Email News Music/Videos 2222 24 50 34 70 37 16 31 59 30 50 19 25 22 46 5453 0 13 25 38 50 Internet access from PC Internet access from a cell phone 9 29 1516 24 42 Armenia Azerbaijan Georgia 0 15 30 45 60 Every day Less frequently Never Don't know what the Internet is 6 49 19 26 12 59 15 11 2 46 19 33
RUSSIAN MILITARY ROAD BLOCK, ROAD TO GORI © ONNIK JAMES KRIKORIAN 2008
Anyone who believes that all citizen media are objective and impar tial is either mad or hasn't actually read any citizen media. […] What's become very difficult is using citizen media to understand what's actually happening on the ground. […] This sor t of situation can get even more complicated when there aren't impar tial journalists on the ground. ETHAN ZUCKERMAN http://www.eng.kavkaz-uzel.ru/ar ticles/13149/ RUSSIA-GEORGIA WAR
ANOTHER ALTERNATIVE? In the 21st century, media has begun to affect war more than ever before. Digital media technologies [...] have increased communication and information dissemination in conflict settings [...]. These new tools can be used to foment violence or to foster peace, and it is possible to build communication systems that encourage dialogue and nonviolent political solutions. ! DIGITAL MEDIA IN CONFLICT PRONE SOCIETIES http://cima.ned.org/publications/research-reports/digital-media-conflict-prone-societies
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THE MEDIA AND ICT4D
We hear far too little of what I call this “third narrative” of the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict, a narrative of peace. It spins the idea that the two people are capable of getting along fine, have lived together in the past and, if politicians are able to overcome differences […], can live together in the future. International mediators are too times to speak this narrative or feel that is not their business. The media in both countries suppresses it. CAUCASUS CONFLICT VOICES, MAY 2011 THOMAS DE WAAL, CARNEGIE ENDOWMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACE ! HTTP://PEACE.ONEWORLD.AM/CONFLICT_VOICES_MAY_2011.HTML ALTERNATIVE NARRATIVES
ALTERNATIVE NARRATIVES HTTP://WWW.CONFLICT-VOICES.NET
A CYBER UTOPIA? I study the ways new media shapes people's perceptions of the world. It's my fond hope that social networks such as Facebook will help users broaden their perspectives by listening to a different set of people than they encounter in their daily life. But I fear services such asFacebook may be turning us into imaginary cosmopolitans. ! CNN, DOES FACEBOOK UNITE OR DIVIDE US? http://edition.cnn.com/2010/OPINION/08/03/zuckerman.facebook.global/
A CYBER UTOPIA? The reason why the KGB wants you to join Facebook is because it allows them to learn more about you from afar. It allows them to identify certain social graphs and social connections between activists. Many of these relationships are now self-disclosed by activists by joining various groups. ! EVGENY MOROZOV, THE NET DELUSION: DARK SIDE OF INTERNET FREEDOM http://www.rferl.org/content/interview_morozov_internet_democracy_promotion/ 2284105.html
CYBER REALISM [...] the internet is not magic; it is a tool. Anyone who wants to use it to bring nations closer together has to show initiative, and be ready to travel physically as well as vir tually. As with the telegraph before it— also hailed as a tool of peace — the internet does nothing on its own. ! THE ECONOMIST, A CYBER-HOUSE DIVIDED http://www.economist.com/node/16943885?stor y_id=16943885
AZERBAIJAN FROM AIR © ONNIK JAMES KRIKORIAN 2013
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