Published on March 13, 2014
Presented by Pretam Laha Pousali Mukherjee Nayan saha Sourav Tibrewal Pankaj Agarwal
The members and units in the organization are grouped into functional departments such as marketing and production. There should be coordination across the departments to make the organization work efficiently. Design approach shares the basic advantages and disadvantages of functional departmentalization.
CEO Vice president, operation Vice president, marketing Vice President, finance Vice President, human resource Vice President, R & D Plant managers Regional sales managers Controller Labour relations director Scientific director Shift supervisors District sales managers Accounting supervisor Plant human resource manager Lab manager
The organization is made up of a set of unrelated business. Each business is operated by a general manager. Corporate staff allocates corporate resources across companies. Organizations following this approach achieve only average to weak financial performance.
CEO Semiconductor Telecommunications Appliances Media
It is based on multiple businesses in related areas. The design results from a strategy of related diversification. Some activities are extremely decentralized down to the divisional level; others are centralized at the corporate level. Opportunities of coordination and shared resources are the advantages of this design.
CEO The Limited Express Intimate brands Slatkin & Co Henri Bendel Victoria’s secret Bath and Body works White Barn Candle co.
It is based on two overlapping bases of departmentalization.( e.g., Functional departments and product categories). A set of product groups or temporary departments are superimposed across the functional departments. The project groups, or teams are assigned to designated projects or programs. A matrix design is useful when There is strong pressure from the environment. When large amount of information needs to be processed. When there is a pressure for shared resources.
◦ Provides an efficient way for the organization to use its human resources. ◦ Team members serve as bridges to their departments for the team. ◦ Useful as a vehicle for decentralization. ◦ Enhances organizational flexibility. ◦ Involvement creates high motivation and increased organizational commitment. ◦ Team members have the opportunity to learn new skills.
Employees CEO Project manager B Project manager C Vice president, engineering Vice president, production Vice president, finance Vice president, marketing Project manager A
It represents hybrid of two or more of the common forms of organization. An organization may have a mixture of related divisions and a single unrelated division. Most organizations use a modified form of organization design that permits it to have sufficient flexibility to make adjustments for strategic purposes
The Team Organization ◦ An approach to organizational design that relies almost exclusively on project-type teams, with little or no underlying functional hierarchy. The Virtual Organization ◦ An organizational design that has little or no format structure with few permanent employees, leased facilities, and outsourced basic support services. ◦ It may conduct its business entirely on-line and exists only to meet for a specific and present need. The Learning Organization ◦ An organization that works to facilitate the lifelong learning and development of its employees while transforming itself to respond to changing demands and needs
The trend toward internationalization of business How to design a firm to deal most effectively with international forces and to compete in global markets: ◦ Create an international division? ◦ Establish an international operating group? ◦ Make international operations an autonomous subunit?
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1. Presented by Pretam Laha Pousali Mukherjee Nayan saha Sourav Tibrewal Pankaj Agarwal ; 2 ...
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