Presentation at conference 31 10_13

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Published on March 1, 2014

Author: vignesgopal

Source: slideshare.net

Multidimensional elements of the intellectual connectivity between the Scientific inputs and outputs of publications in the case of selected universities in Japan Vignes Gopal Krishna Fast track PhD student & SLAI fellow Faculty of Economics and Administration University of Malaya Email address: vignesgopal@yahoo.com/vignesgopal@um.edu.my

Introduction Scientific publications have taken up the role of knowledge mediator that can disseminate the various thoughts of interest ranging from ordinary to complexity issues to heterogeneous agents. The increasing pace of scientific publications in the context of inter-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary issues of interest has shown the positive pace of patching up and catching up through the integration of heterogeneous particles (actors of research network) and the incorporation of the new forms of novelty that will be useful for the evaluation on the research performance and absorptive capacity of institutions. The latter is consistent with Hart (2000) and Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff (2000). As highlighted by Van Damme(2001), the productivity of academic research can be considered as one of the indexes to measure the level of competencies among the worldwide institutions. Increasing movement of flexibility in the context of the dissemination of scientific publications in terms of the subjects, areas of interest, classification of authors and etc can be captured clearly through the concept of Bibliometrics. The creation of new / partial forms of new knowledge and the dissemination of the former to the scientific players through peer-reviewed journals are crucial function of research communities .

Academic articles and journals indexed by ISI and Scopus are widely recognized by the intellectual minds (Nguyen and Lam(2011,pp.108) The ISI database covered around 10-12% of all peer reviewed journals and inline with Monastersky (2005) ISI publications are considered to be one of the indicators for the determination of QS ranking, ARWU /Shanghai ranking and etc.

GCI 2013-2014 Country Switzerland Singapore Japan Australia Malaysia China India Cambodia Zambia Vietnam Global Competitiveness Index (20132014) 1 2 9 21 24 29 60 88 93 70 * Criteria of evaluation (Labour market efficiency, Scientific productivity, government structure, visibility of interactions and etc) Source: Global Competitiveness Index Report, 2013-2014

ISI publications Country Scientific publications (ISI) Switzerland 573,910 Singapore 153,563 Japan 2,426,148 Australia 989,456 Malaysia 80,250 China 2,090,264 India 844,966 Cambodia 1,540 Zambia 4,055 Vietnam 16,949 Source: Web of Science, 1986-2013

ISI Publications in ASEAN countries ASEAN countries Malaysia (1980-2013*) Vietnam (1980-2013*) Cambodia (1989-2013*) Total publications 81,000 16, 555 1, 511 Laos (1982-2013*) Thailand (1980-2013*) Myanmar (1990-2013*) 989 78, 800 917 Indonesia (1980-2013*) 19 467 Brunei (1980-2013*) Philippines(1980-2013*) 1062 17286 Singapore(1980-2013*) 151, 335 Source : Web of Science , 1980-2013

Visualization of selected literatures Illustrations of literatures in ASEAN countries (Scientometrics) Hassan, et.al (2012, pp. 1038-1048) have identified dual modes of collaboration strength in the case of selected ASEAN universities in the flow of thematic areas such as Nanotechnology, Energy, Health, Food, Agriculture, Biotechnology, Environment, Information and communication technology (ICT), and Industrial Technology through Salton’s measure. Vinluan (2012, pp. 281-291 ) has looked into the positive and negative trends of multidimensional analysis of selected scientific documents (Article, Note, Review, Letter) in the subjects areas of Education and Psychology through the comparison between Philippines and Asean countries. Nguyen and Pham (2011, pp. 112-113 ) have shown and generated the results of Knowledge Economy Index (KEI), Knowledge Index, Innovation and Information and Communication Technology(ICT) – Two phases (High and low rankings of KEI, KI, INNO, ICT) – High (Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand), and Low (Indonesia, Vietnam, Philippines and etc)- No reported data for Brunei. (Additional source: World Bank Report on Knowledge Economy Index (KEI)

Other related literatures Cabanac (2013, pp. 2-7) has suggested that the higher level of robustness through the usage of SchubertGlanzel’s model of Phi-Index will illustrate the overall bibliographic dataset in the field of Computer Science. Mas-Bleda and Aguillo (2013, pp.53-55) have put up the statement that personal websites can be used as an instrument/tool for the communication of ideas and thoughts and it can also be known as the information provider on the academic activities of researchers, formally and informally published results, and individual researchers. Benson and Magee (2013, pp. 72-74) have visualized the fact that hybrid keywords and patents classes can be considered as the robust methods in selecting the set of patents for the technological field. Francheschini, et.al (2013, pp. 90-92) have represented success index as an useful indicator to detect the higher levels of citations of papers through the testing on the:a) Comparison of groups of researchers within the same scientific field, but affiliated with different universities b) Comparison of different departments of the same university c) Comparison of entire research institutions Yang, et. al (2013, pp. 135-137) have indicated that municipal solid waste and sludge were the major research types of solid wastes, and have reflected anaerobic digestion, wastewater and heavy metals as the major topics of research on solid waste based on the analysis of titles, keywords of authors, and keywords plus.

Review of selected literatures Hassan, et.al (2012) a)Biasness of the selected thematic areas b)The chosen method may not reflect the true momentum of collaboration strength. c) Lack of discussions on the types of network collaborations and scientific documents. Vinluan (2012) (a) Illustrations of local and international collaborations in a simple way (b) Biasness of selected scientific documents and sample years (c) Detailed descriptions about the most productive scientific researchers and institutions in Philippines (h-index, number of publications, number of lead or sole-authored publications. – Small portions of biasness Nguyen and Pham (2011) (a) Similar forms of discussions on the measurements of bibliometric studies (Total Publications, citations, h-index, and etc) (b) The contribution of the research deals with the discussions on the KEI index based on the aggregated and segregated approaches. Cabanac (2013), Mas-Bleda and Aguillo (2013), Benson and Magee (2013), Francheschini, et.al (2013), and Yang, et. al (2013) – Lack of critical robustness of discussions and methods.

Flying Geese Paradigm a view of Japanese scholars upon the technological development in Southeast Asia viewing Japan as a leading power It was developed in the 1930s, and has gained wider popularity in the 1960s after the author Kaname Akamatsu published his ideas in the journal of Developing Economies

Analytical Framework CONTINUOUS FLOW OF NETWORK TRAJECTORY PHASES OF INNOVATION (CFNTPI) Years Origination and Development Issues/Topics Value addition of knowledge and issues Adoption Diffusion Adaptation Retention Source: Author a) Power of asymmetric information b) Participating institutions c) Concentration & Articulation of issues d) Strength of network collaboration e) Duration of interactions f) Number of players of scientific gaming

University/Organization UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO KYOTO UNIVERSITY OSAKA UNIVERSITY TOHOKU UNIVERSITY KYUSHU UNIVERSITY NAGOYA UNIVERSITY HOKKAIDO UNIVERSITY TOKYO INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AIST UNIVERSITY OF TSUKUBA HIROSHIMA UNIVERSITY JAPAN SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AGENCY JST RIKEN, Adv Inst Computat Sci, Complex Phenomena Unified Simulat Res Team Duration of publications 1980-2013 1980-2013 1980-2013 1980-2013 1980-2013 1980-2013 1980-2013 1980-2013 1980-2013 1980-2013 1980-2013 1982-2013 1980-2013 KEIO UNIVERSITY 1980-2013 OKAYAMA UNIVERSITY 1980-2013 CHIBA UNIVERSITY KOBE UNIVERSITY NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF NATURAL SCIENCES NINS JAPAN 1980-2013 1980-2013 1980-2013 KANAZAWA UNIVERSITY 1980-2013 NIIGATA UNIVERSITY 1980-2013

Utilization of ISI Journals (Top 20) ISI journal JAPANESE JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS PART 1 REGULAR PAPERS SHORT NOTES REVIEW PAPERS JOURNAL OF THE PHYSICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN CHEMISTRY LETTERS PHYSICAL REVIEW B BULLETIN OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS CHEMICAL PHARMACEUTICAL BULLETIN APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY CIRCULATION JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGICAL SCIENCES TETRAHEDRON LETTERS NEUROSCIENCE RESEARCH BIOSCIENCE BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY Number of publications 19949 19443 17934 15869 15747 15561 15189 13247 12998 12822 12800 12686 12092 11169 9781 LECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY PLANT AND CELL PHYSIOLOGY 9599 9572 9491 9489 JAPANESE CIRCULATION JOURNAL ENGLISH EDITION 9435 Ranking Tier 3 Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 1 Tier 3 Tier 3 Tier 1 Tier 1 Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 3 Tier 2 Tier 3 Tier 2 Unkno wn Tier 3 Tier 3 Tier 1 Unkno wn

ISI publications (Top 20) University /Organization UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO KYOTO UNIVERSITY OSAKA UNIVERSITY TOHOKU UNIVERSITY KYUSHU UNIVERSITY NAGOYA UNIVERSITY HOKKAIDO UNIVERSITY TOKYO INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AIST UNIVERSITY OF TSUKUBA HIROSHIMA UNIVERSITY JAPAN SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AGENCY JST RIKEN KEIO UNIVERSITY OKAYAMA UNIVERSITY CHIBA UNIVERSITY KOBE UNIVERSITY NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF NATURAL SCIENCES NINS JAPAN KANAZAWA UNIVERSITY NIIGATA UNIVERSITY Number of publication 198341 151225 126471 116177 84992 82564 77812 67280 60943 50541 46900 46540 44507 41415 37456 34023 32743 29426 27542 24512

Segregated Analysis of ISI publications (Top 15) Scientific documents ARTICLE PROCEEDINGS PAPER MEETING ABSTRACT NOTE REVIEW LETTER EDITORIAL MATERIAL BOOK REVIEW CORRECTION BOOK CHAPTER BIOGRAPHICAL ITEM DISCUSSION CORRECTION ADDITION NEWS ITEM ITEM ABOUT AN INDIVIDUAL Number of publications 1874388 316328 246554 61682 45919 43080 23043 4109 3900 1212 744 522 456 431 288

Research Areas (Top 20) Research Area PHYSICS CHEMISTRY ENGINEERING BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY MATERIALS SCIENCE PHARMACOLOGY PHARMACY NEUROSCIENCES NEUROLOGY CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM CARDIOLOGY CELL BIOLOGY COMPUTER SCIENCE ONCOLOGY SURGERY IMMUNOLOGY GASTROENTEROLOGY HEPATOLOGY Number of publication 360166 313620 244082 177301 170788 126573 118584 89317 78846 76218 71456 68632 50997 49296 BIOTECHNOLOGY APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY POLYMER SCIENCE MATHEMATICS 49088 47902 47365 METALLURGY METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY OTHER TOPICS BIOPHYSICS 46880 46809 44755

Engaging countries (Top 35) Participating country USA PEOPLES R CHINA GERMANY ENGLAND Number of publications 169512 44945 36614 31895 FRANCE SOUTH KOREA CANADA 25614 23882 22237 AUSTRALIA ITALY 15734 15409 RUSSIA SWITZERLAND 12625 10985 NETHERLANDS 10613 INDIA 10391 SWEDEN 9804 TAIWAN SPAIN THAILAND POLAND BELGIUM SCOTLAND 9624 8364 7293 6687 6080 5472

Participating country AUSTRIA FINLAND Number of publications 4811 4590 DENMARK BRAZIL ISRAEL 4517 4487 4326 HUNGARY CZECH REPUBLIC 3787 3690 INDONESIA SINGAPORE 3440 3340 MALAYSIA 2850 PHILIPPINES 2082 VIETNAM 1930 CAMBODIA LAOS BRUNEI 165 137 26

Authors of ISI publications in Japan (Top 20) Author SUZUKI T TANAKA K NAKAMURA T SUZUKI K TANAKA T WATANABE T SATO T YAMAMOTO T TANAKA M TANAKA H KOBAYASHI T TAKAHASHI K SATO K SUZUKI M TAKAHASHI T YAMAMOTO K WATANABE K SUZUKI Y TAKAHASHI M SUZUKI H Number of publications 22146 17751 16106 15804 15438 15278 15172 15054 14589 14178 14149 13907 13601 13598 13518 13329 13032 12968 12546 12491

University of Tokyo- WOS categoriesTop 15 WOS category BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY PHYSICS CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS APPLIED PHYSICS MULTIDISCIPLINARY CELL BIOLOGY CHEMISTRY MULTIDISCIPLINARY MATERIALS SCIENCE MULTIDISCIPLINARY ASTRONOMY ASTROPHYSICS ENGINEERING ELECTRICAL ELECTRONIC CHEMISTRY PHYSICAL NEUROSCIENCES PHARMACOLOGY PHARMACY BIOPHYSICS GENETICS HEREDITY IMMUNOLOGY Number of publication 18584 11715 11280 11125 9253 8819 7600 7387 6530 6197 5842 5684 5031 4919 4882

University of Tokyo- Research Areas (Top 15) Research Area PHYSICS CHEMISTRY BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY ENGINEERING MATERIALS SCIENCE CELL BIOLOGY ASTRONOMY ASTROPHYSICS NEUROSCIENCES NEUROLOGY PHARMACOLOGY PHARMACY SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY OTHER TOPICS COMPUTER SCIENCE BIOPHYSICS GENETICS HEREDITY IMMUNOLOGY ONCOLOGY Number of publication 42569 21597 19436 14194 10280 9317 7387 7065 6148 5778 5503 5031 4919 4882 4599

University of Tokyo- Utilization of ISI Journals (Top 15) ISI Journals PHYSICAL REVIEW B JOURNAL OF THE PHYSICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS PLANT AND CELL PHYSIOLOGY PHYSICS LETTERS B PHYSICAL REVIEW D APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY NEUROSCIENCE RESEARCH JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY BLOOD Number of publication 3660 3621 2354 2325 2049 1819 1575 1490 1451 1340 1300 1236 1209 1170 1115 Ranking Tier 1 Tier 1 Tier 1 Tier 1 Tier3 Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 1 Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 1 Tier 1 Tier 3 Tier 3 Tier 1

University of Tokyo- Authors(Top 15) Authors Number of Publication SUZUKI T 2329 KOBAYASHI T 2151 NAKAMURA Y 1972 TANAKA S 1841 NAKAMURA K 1814 WATANABE T 1805 TAKAHASHI T 1782 YAMAMOTO K 1723 NAKAMURA T 1651 YAMAMOTO T 1532

University of Tokyo-Participating Organizations (Top 10) Participating organizations Number of Publication JAPAN SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AGENCY JST 9669 RIKEN 8404 KYOTO UNIVERSITY 7462 TOHOKU UNIVERSITY 6124 OSAKA UNIVERSITY 5882 NAGOYA UNIVERSITY 4774 TOKYO INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY 4676 NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AIST 4551 NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF NATURAL SCIENCES NINS JAPAN 4431 UNIVERSITY OF TSUKUBA 4215

University of Tokyo –Participating Countries (Top 7) Participating country USA Number of publication 20036 GERMANY 5451 PEOPLES R CHINA 4513 ENGLAND 4343 FRANCE 3724 SOUTH KOREA 3138 CANADA 3004

University of Tokyo-Participating Asean countries Participating Asean country Number of publication THAILAND 701 INDONESIA 345 SINGAPORE 293 MALAYSIA 227 PHILIPPINES 221 VIETNAM 185 CAMBODIA 39 LAOS 26 MYANMAR 19

Kyoto University-WOS categories (Top 10) WOS category Number of publication BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY 13783 CHEMISTRY MULTIDISCIPLINARY 8962 PHYSICS MULTIDISCIPLINARY 6874 MATERIALS SCIENCE MULTIDISCIPLINARY 6755 CELL BIOLOGY 6294 PHYSICS APPLIED 6139 CHEMISTRY PHYSICAL 5931 PHYSICS CONDENSED MATTER 5398 CHEMISTRY ORGANIC 5048 ASTRONOMY ASTROPHYSICS 5047

Kyoto University- Authors of ISI publications (Top 10) Author Number of publication NAKAMURA T 2598 TANAKA K 2505 NAKAO K 1505 ITO Y 1364 TANAKA T 1319 YAMAMOTO K 1313 KOBAYASHI T 1262 HAYASHI T 1210 NAKAMURA K 1142 TANAKA M 1098

Kyoto University-Research Areas (Top 10) Research Area PHYSICS CHEMISTRY BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY MATERIALS SCIENCE ENGINEERING CELL BIOLOGY NEUROSCIENCES NEUROLOGY PHARMACOLOGY PHARMACY ASTRONOMY ASTROPHYSICS POLYMER SCIENCE Number of publication 26630 22383 14297 10558 9152 6446 6094 5315 5047 4972

Kyoto University –ISI Journals (Top 10) ISI Journal Number of publication JOURNAL OF THE PHYSICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN 1671 JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 1434 PROGRESS OF THEORETICAL PHYSICS 1358 JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY 1353 MACROMOLECULES 1314 PHYSICAL REVIEW B BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS 1299 CHEMISTRY LETTERS 1123 BULLETIN OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN 1077 TETRAHEDRON LETTERS 1021 1200

Kyoto University- Participating Organizations (Top 10) Participating Organization UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO OSAKA UNIVERSITY JAPAN SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AGENCY JST NAGOYA UNIVERSITY TOHOKU UNIVERSITY RIKEN NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF NATURAL SCIENCES NINS JAPAN TOKYO INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY KYUSHU UNIVERSITY HOKKAIDO UNIVERSITY Number of publication 7462 5546 4940 3660 3361 3033 2656 2250 2241 2147

Kyoto University-Participating Country –Top 10 Participating country Number of publication USA 12638 GERMANY 3279 PEOPLES R CHINA 2952 ENGLAND 2534 SOUTH KOREA 1934

Kyoto University-Participating Asean countries (Top 10) Participating ASEAN country Number of publication THAILAND 493 INDONESIA 370 MALAYSIA 341 SINGAPORE 256 PHILIPPINES 84 VIETNAM 80 MYANMAR 23 LAOS 21 CAMBODIA 12 BRUNEI 2

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