Published on November 23, 2007
Traditional Mexican Dances: Traditional Mexican Dances Prehispanic Dance: Prehispanic Dance Tied to Ritual & Ceremony Mayan Belief System Maintenance of Universe Astronomy Calendar Slide3: Representations of Dance Art, Pottery, Reliefs Palenque Pakal the Great Classic Period Spanish Arrival: Spanish Arrival Bishop Diego de Landa 1549 arrived in Yucatan Post-Classic Period Post-Classic Mayan Dance: Post-Classic Mayan Dance Recognition & Marking of Time Past & Future Years Cauac Months Pax Pacumchac Post-Classic Mayan Dance: Post-Classic Mayan Dance Warrior Dance Holkonokot Batelokot Sacrificial Ceremonies La Vaqueria Jarana: La Vaqueria Jarana Jarana: from the verb “jarandar” which means to go on a spree Traditionally used to honour a patron saint at fiestas Represents a fusion between Maya and Spanish dance techniques Jarana Music: Jarana Music Typical Jarana orchestra consists of: 2 clarinets 2 trombones Kettledrums guiro Jarana-wear: Jarana-wear Women usually wear: Typical Yucatecan terno, consisting of the jubon, huipil and justan Santa Maria shawl White shoes Variety of different flowers in their hair Jarana-wear: Jarana-wear Men usually wear: Mestizo consisting of duck cloth pants of linen a silk or linen white guyabera Colourful bandana Woven palm hat White shoes Jarana-wear: Jarana-wear White is the traditional Spanish colour Mestizo: significance of the mixed dance traditions La Jarana: La Jarana Merida, Yucatan is the home of the “Cartelera Cultural Semanal”, hosting daily cultural shows consisting mostly of Vaqueria-Jarana dancing. The “Cartelera Cultural Semanal” originated 20 years ago in Santa Lucia park. The origin of Vaquerias is Spain. Slide15: In Vaquerias, there is the interpretation of “jaranas de jaleo,” or “spree of racket/uproar.” La Jarana is a mix of the ‘Spanish Jota’ and the ‘sonecillos of the Maya.’ Vaqueria ends with the ‘son de jaleo.’ (‘sounds of uproar’). Slide16: In the ‘sones de jaleo,’ the man plays the role of the matador/fighter, and the woman plays the “beautiful enemy,” which requires a lot of ability from the dancers to accelerate their rhythm. The music/dance of the Yucatan has received Spanish, Cuban and Colombian influences and is divided into two groupings: Romantic (sung from men to women exclusively) Festive (for carnivals, involving dance) La Jarana: La Jarana The Jarana is the typical dance of the Yucatan Peninsula. There exists two forms of metrics in Jarana: La jarana 6 por 8 (in musical counts of 6/8), La jarana 3 por 4 (in musical counts of 3/4), which is a later form of the dance. Choreography Characteristics: Choreography Characteristics The Jarana is a dance done in pairs that consists of footwork without distinguished steps nor differentiation between women and men. In certain communities, specific steps predominate, dependent upon local tradition. In fact, any dancer can realize their own personal creations in Jarana, inter-mixing a variety of well-known steps. Slide19: In Jarana, aboriginal dance influences the vertical position of the interpreters, which can be seen when dancers execute spins while raising their arms at a straight angle and performing movements with their fingers, reminiscent of the Spanish castanets. The jarana dance limits itself to exterior extremities, distinguishing it from ‘la jota’ and from the Spanish ‘zapateado.’ The trunk of the dancer stays erect, at an angle which is necessary for balancing an object on his or her head while dancing, without it falling. Slide20: Two hits of cymbals mark the beginning of the dance, with the pairs forming into two large lines, facing each other, one of men and one of women. Each pair keeps their independence during the dance and their own space of about two meters. Dancers use this space to cross over toward eachother and perform their figures. Slide21: In the whole of Mexico, there exists a wide range of dances, specific to different states and regions. Campeche Fiesta del Palmar Chiapas Cuadrillas Polka Shotis Ballet Folklorico Quintana Roo Bailes Mestizos Carnaval Chicleros del Caribe Tabasco Huapangos Yucatan Las Vaquerias Ballet Folklorico: Ballet Folklorico Chiapas region Characterized by colourful costumes and lively music Women wear a black satin shirt covered by a fajada embroidered with flowers, and a very full skirt embroidered with the same flowers Men usually wear a long-sleeved shirt and pants, both white, and a red scarf around the neck, a black belt, and a sash from their shoulder to hip.
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