Present perfect vs Past tense

43 %
57 %
Information about Present perfect vs Past tense
Education

Published on May 6, 2013

Author: desi13

Source: slideshare.net

Present Perfectand Past Simple

Can you guess the differencein meaning between these twosentences?I have lived in Boston for two years.I lived in Boston for two years.I still live in Boston.I don’t live in Boston anymore.

Past SimplePast SimpleI lived in Boston fortwo years.• Actions that arefinished• Time reference isfinished.Present PerfectPresent PerfectI have lived in Bostonfor two years.• Actions that started inthe past and continue tothe present.• Even if a past-timeadverbial isn’t explicit,the situation in thepast may be definedby the context orsimply implied e.g.Einstein was a genius.(His life is over)• Actions complete at anunspecified time whenthe general timereference is still valide.g. Steven Spielberg hasdirected some greatfilms. (His life isn’t over)

Present Perfect TenseMade up of“ have /has” + past participle formof verb“has/have”+ eaten √“has/have”+ ate/eat/eating×

Present Perfect with “for”Present Perfect with “for”• She has lived there for twenty years.• I’ve had this car for five months.• We haven’t seen Mark for ages.It is used to express…THE LENGTH OF AN ACTIONNOTE: We can also use “for” with the pastsimple e.g. I lived in Boston for two years.

Present Perfect with “since”Present Perfect with “since”• She has worked there since September.• I’ve been ill since January 28th.• We haven’t eaten out since Monday.It is used to express…THE MOMENT IN WHICH ANACTION STARTED

Present Perfect with “just”Present Perfect with “just”• I’ve just made tea. Would you like a cup?• Martha isn’t here. She’s just left.• My sister-in-law has just had a baby. She’s stillin hospital.It is used to refer to…SOMETHING THAT HAPPENED INTHE (VERY) RECENT PAST OR ASHORT TIME AGONOTE: Be careful with the position of “just”

Present Perfect with “already”Present Perfect with “already”A: Remember to send the letter.  B: I have already sent it.A: Don’t forget to wash your hair.B: I have already washed it.It is used to express…SOMETHING HAS HAPPENEDBEFORE NOW OR BEFOREANOTHER POINT IN TIMENOTE: Be careful with the position of “already”

Present Perfect with “yet”Present Perfect with “yet”• I havent seen that movie yet, but I am going tosoon.• I’ve crashed my parents’ car but I havent toldthem anything yet. It is used to express…SOMETHING THAT HASN’THAPPENED BUT WE THINK ISGOING TO HAPPENED

““yet” vs. “still”yet” vs. “still”We can use “yet” and “still” with other verb tenses. Let’s have alook at the difference between these 2 time markers.• It’s 11 am and Tom is stillin bed.• I’m hungry. Is dinnerready yet?• Have you given upsmoking? No, I still smoke.• It’s 11am and Tomhasn’t got up yet.• Are you still living in thesame house, or have youmoved?• Where are you goingon holidays? We don’tknow yet.YET STILL1. To express or ask about a situation or action thatcontinues.2. To ask whether something has happened.3. To say something hasn’t happened.

““yet” vs. “still”yet” vs. “still”We can use “yet” and “still” with other verb tenses. Let’s have alook at the difference between these 2 time markers.• It’s 11 am and Tom is stillin bed.• I’m hungry. Is dinnerready yet?• Have you given upsmoking? No, I still smoke.• It’s 11am and Tomhasn’t got up yet.• Are you still living in thesame house, or have youmoved?• Where are you goingon holidays? We don’tknow yet.YET STILL1. To express or ask about a situation or action thatcontinues.X2. To ask whether something has happened. X3. To say something hasn’t happened. X

““yet” vs. “still”: word orderyet” vs. “still”: word order• It’s 11 am and Tom is stillin bed.• I’m hungry. Is dinnerready yet?• Have you given upsmoking? No, I still smoke.• It’s 11am and Tomhasn’t got up yet.• Are you still living in thesame house, or have youmoved?• Where are you goingon holidays? We don’tknow yet.YET STILL1. With “to be”: after “to be”With other verbs: before the main verb2. At the end of the sentence

““yet” vs. “still”: word orderyet” vs. “still”: word order• It’s 11 am and Tom is stillin bed.• I’m hungry. Is dinnerready yet?• Have you given upsmoking? No, I still smoke.• It’s 11am and Tomhasn’t got up yet.• Are you still living in thesame house, or have youmoved?• Where are you goingon holidays? We don’tknow yet.YET STILL1. With “to be”: after “to be”With other verbs: before the main verbX2. At the end of the sentence X

Make Sentences Based on ThesePictures

ACTIVITYPretend that you are a detective investigating acrime that just took place.You are to come up with a crime scene reportusing 15 Present Perfect Tenses in your report.e.g.1. When we arrived at the scene of the crime, itseemed that the suspect has just left the building.

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Gegenüberstellung Simple Past – Present Perfect Simple

Simple Past Present Perfect Simple; 2. Verbform (2. Spalte der unregelmäßigen Verben) Beispiel: I spoke: Form von 'have' + 3. Verbform (3.
Read more

Present Perfect or Past Simple Tense? - English Perfect

When to use the present perfect or past simple tense ... Present Perfect Simple: Past ... to the present. We CAN'T use the present perfect ...
Read more

Simple Past oder Present Perfect - Übung - englisch-hilfen.de

Zeitformen englisch, Simple Past, Present Perfect - Online Übung. Men ...
Read more

Difference between Present Perfect and Past Perfect in ...

Both present perfect and past perfect talk about something that happened before a point in time (reference point). ... Present Perfect vs. Past Perfect Quiz
Read more

ELC Study Zone: Present Perfect and Simple Past

Present Perfect and Simple Past ... This section will help you to understand the differences between the Present Perfect Tense and the Simple Past Tense.
Read more

PRESENT PERFECT OR PAST TENSE - English4u

Free English online grammar exercises present perfect simple or past tense. HOME: GRAMMAR: GRAMMAR EXERCISES: TENSES ... PRESENT PERFECT OR PAST TENSE 1 :
Read more

Present Perfect Simple vs Present Perfect Progressive

Present Perfect Simple ... › Cram Up › Grammar › Present Perfect Simple vs ... Both tenses are used to express that an action began in the past and ...
Read more

Present Perfect vs Past Perfect Exercise - GrammarBank

English verb tenses practice - Present perfect vs past perfect tense exercise with answers
Read more

Present Perfect Tense: Simple Past vs Present Perfect vs ...

The Simple Past: We normally use the simple past to talk about actions that took place at a time that is separated from the present. It is used with ...
Read more

Simple Past oder Present Perfect - Übung 2

Setze die Verbindungen in den Klammern entweder im Simple Past oder im Present Perfect in die Lücken ein.
Read more