Precardium: Inspection

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Information about Precardium: Inspection

Published on May 8, 2008

Author: blueash

Source: slideshare.net

Description

To identify apex of the heart. To detect enlargement of RV, aorta and pulmonary artery.

NEW BLOGSITE ADDRESS:
"Nurses Information Site"
http://nursesinfosite.blogspot.com

Precardium: Inspection To identify apex of the heart. To detect enlargement of RV, aorta and pulmonary artery.

Method Of Exam Inspect the precordium tangentially while the patient is laying flat in bed from either the patient's head or foot for symmetry and pulsations .

Inspect the precordium tangentially while the patient is laying flat in bed from either the patient's head or foot for symmetry and pulsations .

Normal: The precordium is symmetrical. In thin individuals, the apical impulse is recognizable. Apical impulse is located in 5th interspace just internal to midclavicular line. The left precordium will dip slightly during systole.

The precordium is symmetrical.

In thin individuals, the apical impulse is recognizable.

Apical impulse is located in 5th interspace just internal to midclavicular line.

The left precordium will dip slightly during systole.

Abnormal Finding Bulge Precordial : Implies onset during childhood ( RV hypertrophy.) Aortic area bulge :( Aortic aneurysm)

Bulge

Precordial : Implies onset during childhood ( RV hypertrophy.)

Aortic area bulge :( Aortic aneurysm)

Abnormal Finding Pulsations Precordial : RV hyperactivity Displaced apical impulse : (Cardiac hypertrophy or dilatation, Mediastinal shift, Deformities of thorax, Raised intra-abdominal pressure) Apical impulse on right : (Dextrocardia) Aortic :( Aneurysm or dilatation) Pulmonary: (Pulmonary artery dilatation) Epigastric : (RV hypertrophy)

Pulsations

Precordial : RV hyperactivity

Displaced apical impulse : (Cardiac hypertrophy or dilatation, Mediastinal shift, Deformities of thorax, Raised intra-abdominal pressure)

Apical impulse on right : (Dextrocardia)

Aortic :( Aneurysm or dilatation)

Pulmonary: (Pulmonary artery dilatation)

Epigastric : (RV hypertrophy)

Knowledge Base Anatomy of heart chambers and its relationship to precardium Apical impulse

Anatomy of heart chambers and its relationship to precardium

Apical impulse

Knowledge Base Pathology of chamber enlargement Dilated cardiomyopathy ( Whole heart , section )

Pathology of chamber enlargement

Dilated cardiomyopathy

( Whole heart , section )

Knowledge Base Pathology of chamber enlargement RV hypertrophy ( Whole heart , section )

Pathology of chamber enlargement

RV hypertrophy

( Whole heart , section )

Knowledge Base Pathology of chamber enlargement Biventricular hypertrophy ( Whole heart , section )

Pathology of chamber enlargement

Biventricular hypertrophy

( Whole heart , section )

Resources: Bates, A Guide to Physical Exam . “ Nurses Information” http://nursesinformations.blogspot.com

Resources: Bates, A Guide to Physical Exam .

“ Nurses Information”

http://nursesinformations.blogspot.com

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