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Pre-colonial China STS 40

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Information about Pre-colonial China STS 40
Education

Published on March 1, 2014

Author: maeunix

Source: slideshare.net

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Science and Technology in Pre-Colonial Asian Societies - CHINA
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PRE-COLONIAL China Ma. Eunice Abenis

China and the West Europe China Concept of Natural Law Presence of divine deity in nature Absence of divine deity in nature View of the world Mechanical Organic Mathematics Geometric Algebraic Invention and Labor power Labor power served as hindrance to invention Labor power did NOT serve as hindrance to invention

China and the West Europe Science • • Geography & Cartography Engineering • China mechanics and dynamics relatively advanced wave-particle antithesis: atomistic view • Discoid cosmographic world maps (discshaped) • advanced survey methods and the making of relief maps (quantitative cartography, use of rectangular grid) • efficient harness for equine animals (linkwork) mastery of iron casting 15 centuries before its achievement in Europe first appearance of gunpowder (9th century A.D.), vigorous development of explosive weapons some three centuries before they appeared in Europe (and from A.D. 1000 onwards) • • • Optics, acoustics and magnetism, geological sciences and meteorology wave-particle antithesis: wave theory connected with yin-yang

Types of Science in Ancient China ORTHODOX NEUTRAL Astronomy Mathematics Physics Hydraulic Engineering Medicine NON-ORTHODOX Alchemy

The Social Position of Scientists and Engineers of Traditional China SCHOLARS FARMERS ARTISANS MERCHANTS The Chinese Social Stratification

The Social Position of Scientists and Engineers of Traditional China Chief categories into which lives of scientists and engineers seem to fall 1. HIGH OFFICIALS 2. COMMONERS 3. MEMBERS OF THE SEMI-SERVILE GROUPS 4. THOSE WHO WERE ACTUALLY ENSLAVED 5. A VERY SIGNIFICANT GROUP OF MINOR OFFICIALS, (scholars who were not able to make their way upwards in the ranks of the bureaucracy)

The Social Position of Scientists and Engineers of Traditional China Skilled Workers Metallurgists Well-drillers Weavers and paper makers Technicians

Strengths  numerous inventions in various fields  inclination to field theories  strong civil tradition allowing state to utilize population’s brightest

Weaknesses  organic view of the universe (Taoism)  limited knowledge of geometry  science shrouded in semi-secrecy

PRE-COLONIAL China

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