ppt1 intro module1

67 %
33 %
Information about ppt1 intro module1

Published on December 23, 2008

Author: Milasunshine

Source: authorstream.com

ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY : ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY INTRODUCTORY SET OF LECTURES Click here 12/23/2008 1 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" Env. Psych.: Socio-Historical Behavioral Science with Five METHODOLOGICAL REQUIREMENTS (Proshansky) : Env. Psych.: Socio-Historical Behavioral Science with Five METHODOLOGICAL REQUIREMENTS (Proshansky) Absolute integrity of personal/physical setting events to preserve the real world, i.e. naturalistic Distinguish between behavioral system reactions and psychological system reactions, i.e. OUR reality is not THE reality Content orientation, e.g. what behavior occurs Temporal orientation, e.g. longitudinal/historical Contextual orientation, i.e., setting is a social, cultural and physical event with meaning, multi-causality, patterns of relationships and process dynamics 12/23/2008 2 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" Psychological Paradigm : Psychological Paradigm Emotion, behavior, perception/cognition From science: man is separate from nature (the mind is separate from the body) From the bible: man is above and over nature (as god’s agent, the world is at his disposal) From Economic Man: self is autonomous Psychology focuses on the individual, not environment Person is the object of concern 12/23/2008 3 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" Psychoanalytic Tradition : Psychoanalytic Tradition Freud --- Focus on Intraspsychic conflict 3 implications: physical environment experienced subjectively form, content and meaning of physical environment expresses the unconscious needs, values and conflicts of the person environment reflects the individual not culture Searles—Man’s Physical Environment Theodore Rozak--Ecopsychology 12/23/2008 4 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" Gestalt Tradition : Gestalt Tradition Fit with Phenomenology Deal with form or whole Oppose reductionism Whole is more than the sum of its parts Examples: the Figure/Ground Relationship, Distal vs. Proximate Perception Geographic vs. Behavioral Environments 12/23/2008 5 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" Figure/Ground Relationship:figure perceived in relation to its background : Figure/Ground Relationship:figure perceived in relation to its background is this a circle or a hole? the outline of the figure is also the inline of the background 12/23/2008 6 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" Figure/Ground Relationship : Figure/Ground Relationship Figure/Ground 12/23/2008 7 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" Environmental Effects may be Proximal or Distal : Environmental Effects may be Proximal or Distal We are not aware of far off causes: A friend mails you a letter. A few days later, you find it in the mailbox. The letter has been thrust into your existence. Your fingers feel it, your eyes read it, your mind absorbs its meaning. The proximal experience implies that your friend mailed the letter, even though we did not actually perceive that activity. The distal appears through the proximal. Abstraction: distal events without proximal representations are thus invisible. 12/23/2008 8 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" Kurt Koffka’s ParablePrinciples of Gestalt Psychology pp 27-8 : Kurt Koffka’s ParablePrinciples of Gestalt Psychology pp 27-8 On a winter evening amidst a driving snowstorm, a man on horseback arrived at an Inn, happy to have reached a shelter after hours of riding over the wind-swept plain on which the blanket of snow had covered all paths and landmarks. The landlord who came to the door viewed the stranger with surprise and asked him whence he came. The man pointed in the direction straight away from the Inn, whereupon the landlord, in a tone of awe and wonder, said: “Do you know that you have ridden across the Lake of Constance?” At which the rider dropped stone dead at his feet. 12/23/2008 9 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" What You See May Not Be What You Get : What You See May Not Be What You Get The traveler thought he was crossing solid ground; he was not. His phenomenal (behavioral) perception: “crossing solid ground.” His geographic environment was “crossing wide deep lake” Both sensation and cognitive perception misled him, setting up his shock 12/23/2008 10 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" Behaviorism : Behaviorism Scientistic—model of physics Reductionistic Empirical observations What can’t be observed doesn’t exist Stimulus/response Reward and Punishment 12/23/2008 11 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" Lewin: Causality:psychological environment : Lewin: Causality:psychological environment What do you wish for? Behavior is seen as a function of personal and environmental needs, values, feelings and predispositions Kurt Lewin extended Gestalt psychology by taking into account the social, conceptual or physical factors that determine behavior. His concept of life space examines the valences, forces, regions or paths to goals, locomotion toward a goal, and barriers. 12/23/2008 12 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" LifeSpace : LifeSpace 12/23/2008 13 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" Lewin’s ideas shaped by his experience in the German army in the trenches of WW I : Lewin’s ideas shaped by his experience in the German army in the trenches of WW I Contrast between the peaceful landscape: a region of free movement and “the front” with its sharply defined boundaries and barriers. The context of the battle changed the normal perception of everyday objects: Lewin wrote: “What lies in the battle zone belongs to the soldier as his legitimate property... everything is seen as something to be used for military purposes. Even such barbaric acts as the burning of furniture in war cannot be compared to the same acts in peace time.” 12/23/2008 14 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" LEWIN’S POINT : LEWIN’S POINT Not only do different people in the same environment act differently, But the same person in different situations will act differently. 12/23/2008 15 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" Roger Barker’s Ecological Psychology : Roger Barker’s Ecological Psychology Environment is a class of phenomena unto its own, different than behavior that “coerces behavior in accord with its own dynamic patterning.” You can have an environment without behavior, but not behavior without an environment. 12/23/2008 16 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" Behavior Setting: chunk of space or time with a structure interrelating physical, social and cultural properties so as to regularize forms of behavior (normal behavior in a setting). : Behavior Setting: chunk of space or time with a structure interrelating physical, social and cultural properties so as to regularize forms of behavior (normal behavior in a setting). A gym alone is not a behavior setting A gym with a basketball game is one Therefore: You can predict individual behavior better by knowing the setting than knowing the individual. People act the same in settings because certain behaviors are appropriate there regardless of the “who” and the “how.” 12/23/2008 17 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" BARKER’S POINT : BARKER’S POINT DIFFERENT PEOPLE IN THE SAME Behavior Setting ACT THE SAME. 12/23/2008 18 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" Altman and Chemers’ Cybernetic System : Altman and Chemers’ Cybernetic System 12/23/2008 19 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" Interaction of Person and Environment : Interaction of Person and Environment Person INTERACTION OF P AND E 12/23/2008 20 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" Environment as Context : Environment as Context All phenomenon are embedded in situational contexts. What are these two folks staring at? They are reacting to something. Is it a common stimulus? Is it threatening? What is its meaning to each and why? What response might it provoke? We rely on context to situate behaviors within a suitable explanation. 12/23/2008 21 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" Objective Environment : Objective Environment It is abstract---distant---out there. We observe it but don’t participate in it. Put it out of our mind. No sense of connection or consequence. “we treat the world as if we had another one in the boot.” Jacob Von Uexkull “The idea of nature…became extinct….resulting in a synthetic future where we are afraid to go out in the sun.” Bill McKibben 12/23/2008 22 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" Ambient Environment : Ambient Environment A soap bubble surrounding organisms like a second skin. It both separates us and unites us with the environment. If the ambient is injured, so is our health. We are not just users in the cycle of nature. Rather each of us is part of nature. Its disturbance threatens our material basis of life. Person Surrounded by Environment Surround 12/23/2008 23 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology" Person as Part of Environment : Person as Part of Environment Object Perception: P is an observer separate from the object Environmental Perception: P is surrounded by and part of E Therefore, We can’t observe the environment, like an object; we have to explore it. Environmental perception always involves action Environmental characteristics shape that action. PERSON AS PART OF ENVIRONMENT 12/23/2008 24 Dr. Michael Edelstein "Environmental Psychology"

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages


Advertising Programmes Business Solutions +Google About Google Google.com © 2016 - Privacy - Terms. Search; Images; Maps; Play; YouTube; News; Gmail ...
Read more

College of Lake County BUS 121 - Ace Recommendation Platform

Improve your grade in College of Lake County BUS 121 with videos, lecture notes, exams, and interactive tutorials from Learning Ace!
Read more

San Juan College HLSC 111 - Ace Recommendation Platform

Improve your grade in San Juan College HLSC 111 with videos, lecture notes, exams, and interactive tutorials from Learning Ace!
Read more

Human Resource Planning | TOCs | ASK Development

... 2FLectures%2FMcInerney_KM_intro_general_10_02.ppt&ei=3dKCU ... 2FIntro%2520to%2520KM%2520(ppt1) ... resource-management/human-resource-planning/
Read more

ArcGIS Desktop Developer Guide | Jacques Mary - Academia.edu

ArcGIS Desktop Developer Guide. Uploaded by. Jacques Mary. Views. connect to download. Get pdf. READ PAPER. ArcGIS Desktop Developer Guide. Download.
Read more

منهج الرخصة الدولية لقيادة ...

icdl-module1 Concepts of ... http://www.4shared.com/file/11136654/ec273318/INTRO.html ... http://www.4shared.com/file/6483104/f7c3020a/ppt1.html ...
Read more