Ppt. developing a research proposal

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Information about Ppt. developing a research proposal

Published on February 18, 2014

Author: drjayeshpatidar

Source: slideshare.net



Preamble • Research proposals communicate a research problem and proposed methods of solving it. • A written document, specifying what the investigator proposes to study and written before beginning the research. 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 3

Preamble • The content and organization are broadly similar to that for a research report, but proposals are written in the future tense (i.e., indicating what the researcher will do) and obviously do not include results and conclusions. 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 4

Definition Proposal is a document communicating a research problem, its significance, proposed procedures for solving the problem, and, when funding is sought, how much the study will cost. Polit DF, Beck C. Nursing Research Principles and Methods. 9th edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott’s Williams and Wilkins; 2012 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 5

Functions of a proposal 1. Means of opening communication between researchers and other parties. 2. Serve as the basis for negotiating with other parties. 3. Help researchers to clarify their own thinking. 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 6


Front Matter • Proposals typically begin with what is referred to as front matter • Orients readers to the study • Typically includes, at a minimum, a cover page that indicates the title of the proposed study and the author’s name and institution. 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 8

Front Matter • Title should be given careful thought. • Should be crafted to create a good impression. • Should be concise and informative, but should also be compelling and interesting. 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 9

Background of the problem • Must strengthen the arguments concerning the significance of the study. • Should orient the reader to what is already known about the problem and how the proposed research will increase that knowledge. 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 10

Background of the problem • Should have a discussion of highly selective studies which are clearly related to what the investigator proposes to study. • Should be organized as global, national and local concerns on the problem under investigation. 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 11

Statement of the problem • Problem statement is an expression of a dilemma or disturbing situation that needs investigation. • Clearly, concisely and precisely articulated • Clearly stating the variables, population and research setting under study • Express variables in measurable terms • The type of study may be included in the statement of research problem. (Type of study, variables, population and setting) 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 12

Purpose of the study • A specific research study may have two or more goals. • Purpose should be the expected outcome of the study. 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 13

Objectives of the study • Include the specific objectives to be achieved. • Clearly stated in achievable and measurable terms. • Objectives should be formed on the basis of specific questions to be answered. • Bloom’s taxonomy may be referred to, for selecting the verbs. 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 14

Hypotheses • Statements of expectations of a researcher on relationships between the variables under his/her study. • A prediction of expected outcomes. • Should be derived on the basis of objectives of the study. 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 15

Assumptions • An assumption is a statement whose truth is either considered self-evident or has been satisfactorily established by earlier research. • It is a principle that is accepted as being true based on logic or custom, without proof. • This will act as a foundation of accepted knowledge. 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 16

Variables • Variables are qualities, properties, or characteristics of person, things or situations that change or vary. • “Variables are concepts at different level of abstraction that are concisely defined to promote their measurement or manipulation within study” (Chinn & Kramer) • Dependent variable, Independent Confounding variable etc… 2/18/2014 variable, WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM Extraneous variable, 17

Definition of terms • Definitions of important terms must be given. • Each term should be conceptually defined (mention the reference) then operationalize along with the name of tool and it’s subareas (minimum and maximum score of the tool need not be mentioned). 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 18

Conceptual frame work • The framework also should explain the interrelationships among the phenomena under investigation. • Interrelated concepts or abstractions assembled in a rational and often explanatory scheme to illuminate relationships among them; is called as conceptual model. 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 19

Delimitations • Researcher identifies before the commencement of research. 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 20

Research methodology The explanation of the research methodology should be thorough enough that readers will have no question about how research objectives will be addressed. This part should explain clearly and completely the following: • Research approach • Research design • Research setting • Population, sample, sample size, sampling criteria and sampling technique • Selection and development of study instruments, including validity, pretesting and reliability of the instruments • Plan for pilot study • Plan for data collection • Plan for data analysis The description of methods should also include a discussion of the rationale for the proposed methods, potential methodologic problems, and intended strategies for handling such problems. 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 21

Work plan • This is the plan according to which the various tasks and subtasks will be accomplished by the investigator. • Researchers often describe their proposed plan for managing the flow of work on the project. • Researchers indicate in the work plan the sequence of tasks to be performed, the anticipated length of time required for their completion, and the personnel required for their accomplishment. 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 22

Project Timeline, in Calendar Months, for a 24-Month Project WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM Polit DF, Beck C. Nursing Research Principles and Methods. 9th edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott’s Williams and Wilkins; 2012 2/18/2014 23

Budget • Budgets translate project activities into monetary terms, and are an extremely important part of research proposals requesting financial support; they are sometimes included in student proposals as well. • Budgets are statements of how much money will be required to accomplish the various tasks. • A well-conceived work plan greatly facilitates the preparation of the budget. • This should give the proposed expenses towards the investigation in terms of money, material and manpower. 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 24

Ethical considerations The plan of the investigator to conduct research within the ethical considerations need to be explained. 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 25

References & Appendices Based on any standard format like Vancouver, APA etc.. 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 26

CONCLUSION • A research proposal is a written document specifying what a researcher intends to study. • Major components of a research proposal include front matter such as a cover page, an abstract, statement of the problem, background and significance of the problem, specific objectives, methods, and work plan or schedule; proposals written for funding usually also include sections on personnel and facilities and a budget. 2/18/2014 WWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM 27

References 1. Polit DF, Beck C. Nursing Research Principles and Methods. 9th edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott’s Williams and Wilkins; 2012 2. Polit DF, Beck C. Nursing Research Principles and Methods. 7th edition China: Lippincott’s Williams and Wilkins; 2005. 3. Parahoo K. Nursing Research: Principles, Process and Issues. 2nd edition. New York: Palgrave Mac Millian Ltd; 2006. 4. Burns N, Grove SK, Understanding Nursing research: Building evidence based practice. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders an imprint of Elsevier; 2012. 5. Talbot L A. Principles and practice ofWWW.DRJAYESHPATIDAR.BLOGSPOT.COM Louis: Mosby; 1995. nursing research. St. 2/18/2014 28

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