ppt 6

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Published on October 26, 2007

Author: Fenwick

Source: authorstream.com

“The Dawn of the New Russia” 1991-2000 :  “The Dawn of the New Russia” 1991-2000 Yeltsin’s Presidency Vladimir Putin Currency Collapse The state of the Russian state The troubles with New Russia:  The troubles with New Russia Corruption Crime Impoverishment Cronyism Inefficiency Chechen War The successes in the New Russia:  The successes in the New Russia Yeltsin kept strong hold on democratic reform Strengthened relations with Europe and USA After collapse, inherited population, territory, & GNP from USSR (as opposed to other republics) Well-educated and skilled Great Russians What did change mean?:  What did change mean? Look at page 303 in Thompson Replacing centralized, state-owned economy with a free-market system (unregulated prices and wages, private ownership of factories and other production businesses, resources) Competition for profit! Rejecting tightly controlled “polity” with free and broadly represented elections Government censorship with freedom of press, speech, and assembly Impartial judiciary, functioning parliament, impartial legal system A BIG ONE…. Replacing Marxism-Leninism with individualism, free choice, consumerism, and self-reliance (A completely new value system!!!!!!!) CHECK OUT THE MOVIE “Good Bye, Lenin” What were obstacles to change?:  What were obstacles to change? Hardliners still in prominent positions – opponents to reform Old Soviet attitudes impossible to replace Regional interests over national interests Citizens confused and apathetic Social problems: alcoholism, corruption, crime, bad health care Worsening problems with minorities who resisted Russian hegemony (Chechens, etc.) What would Yeltsin do about it?:  What would Yeltsin do about it? Radical economic program – “shock therapy” (Remember Stalin’s “shock workers” – rapid conversion to free market, total rejection of socialist structures All prices freed up 1991-1992, allowing for quick importation and deluge of consumer goods available on the Russian market. But, prices too expensive for most people. Shock therapy resulted in inflation, budget deficit, trade suffered Prices high, people not getting paid their wages, hard times! A lot of horse trading, pawning things, working more than one job, eat from gardens. Old people and women suffered the most. Cumbersome tax system resulted in people not paying taxes, adding to economic woes of country Emergence of the Oligarchs:  Emergence of the Oligarchs During this time of rapid privatization, most previously state-owned, essential industries wind up in the hands of an already small, wealthy elite. These industries included most industrial and natural resource enterprises. This contributed to organized crime and the enslavement of “private businesses” under the control of an oligarch or organized crime boss. Corruption hampered, and continues to hamper entrepreneurial growth in the FSU. Extortion, violence gangland practices, intimidation of journalists Capital from oligarchs and other wealthy Russian capitalists invested in enterprises and markets abroad, not Russia Corruption coming from “corrupt, interventionist bureaucracy” at the local levels especially! Hard to do business in this environment. Laws not favorable to owning any capital or resources in Russia. Economic Collapse August 1998:  Economic Collapse August 1998 Ruble completely devalued in Aug. 1998 Based on crisis in Asian markets Russian government defaulted on bonds, devaluing ruble Read Thompson pg. 306 Struggling w/ a new mentality:  Struggling w/ a new mentality Imagine going from a welfare state to pure capitalism An oligarchy and a slave class Valuing new citizens now: The capitalist “businessman” revered over the old-fashioned Soviet intellectual Grand flourishing of some previously taboo things such as: drugs, gambling, prostitution The realities of daily life in New Russia:  The realities of daily life in New Russia Decaying buildings – lack of steady utilities, water and electric shut offs Hidden unemployment Women suffering – human trafficking Air and water pollution No money for hospitals, medicine, etc. Poor healthcare TB and AIDS Overall shrinking population Divorce rate 70% Low life expectancy – dying faster than being born Thompson calls this a population calamity More women than men – marriages and emigration for convenience Women victimized both at home and at work A resurgence of Stalin-sympathizing:  A resurgence of Stalin-sympathizing Romanticizing and glorifying the greatness of Stalin Memorial organization trying to rehabilitate and uncover past crimes Resurgence of Religion:  Resurgence of Religion New churches being built everywhere Orthodox faces competition from Protestant religions Government tried to ban missionaries and activities from other denominations Russian Governmental Structure:  Russian Governmental Structure Constitution Executive Branch President Cabinet Prime Minister Legislative Branch Federal Assembly Federation Council Duma Free elections Multi-party system Discuss:  Discuss Turn to page 318 in Thompson Discuss the differences b/t Russian and American electoral processes (Are there any differences?) Vladimir Vladmirovich PUTIN:  Vladimir Vladmirovich PUTIN 1999-Present Not to be confused with Dobby:  Not to be confused with Dobby Special Topic: Chechnya:  Special Topic: Chechnya Chechnya:  Chechnya Caucasus – rebellious since early 1800s 1991 local leaders declare independence 1992 Chechnya descends into civil turmoil Russian troops intervene 1993 declare independence again 1994 Yeltsin occupies Grozny in Chechnya Chechnya:  Chechnya Chechen Rebels – Islamic radicals Want full autonomy – independence Many fought in Afghanistan funded by CIA Guerilla fighters 1996 – Chechens take Grozny and establish a semi-peace w/ semi-autonomy A corrupt, dangerous, impoverished situation in Chechnya Terrorism in Russia – Putin and Yeltsin take tough stance, fighting starts again in 2000 War on Terror:  War on Terror After 9/11, America changes attitude toward Putin’s policies in Chechnya Islamic Terror in Russia:  Islamic Terror in Russia Moscow Theatre Seige Beslan School Massacre Discuss:  Discuss Has Russia ever been great? First, define “greatness”! Where is Russia going? Will Russia be great again? Can we consider Russia great today? What are Putin’s intentions? Who will succeed Putin?

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