PP Imperialism and Independence Movements in Afric

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Information about PP Imperialism and Independence Movements in Afric
Education

Published on January 10, 2008

Author: Savin

Source: authorstream.com

Unit XXI – Imperialism and Independence Movements in Africa:  Unit XXI – Imperialism and Independence Movements in Africa European Colonialism (2-8) Independence Movements (9-13) Copyright 2006; C. Pettinato, RCS High School, All Rights Reserved 1. European Imperialism in Africa:  1. European Imperialism in Africa 2. Video:  2. Video 3. Definitions:  3. Definitions A. Colonialism – the policy of taking a weaker nation’s land for self gain. B. Imperialism – the domination of one nation over the political, economic, or social affairs of another nation Reasons for the colonization of Africa- refueling ports, slave trade, mineral and agricultural resources, strategic location 4. Early Contact - A Slow Start:  4. Early Contact - A Slow Start A. Explain the impact of each of the following groups on African life: 1. Explorers - 2. Missionaries – a. example - 3. Slave traders - 5. The Slave Trade:  5. The Slave Trade 6. Colonization in the 1800’s:  6. Colonization in the 1800’s A. When did European nations first establish refueling ports along the coast of Africa? B. When did European nations race for controlling African territory? C. What were the natural barriers to colonization? 7. The Berlin Conference - 1884:  7. The Berlin Conference - 1884 8. Colonial Policies/Possessions in Africa:  8. Colonial Policies/Possessions in Africa A. England - Gradualism B. France - Assimilation C. Belgium - Paternalism D. Portugal - E. Spain - F. Italy - G. Germany - 9. The Mau-Mau Revolt by some Kikuyu in Kenya (1960-63):  9. The Mau-Mau Revolt by some Kikuyu in Kenya (1960-63) 10. Famous Leaders of the Independence Movement:  10. Famous Leaders of the Independence Movement A. Menelik II – Ethiopia - Italy B. Kwame Nkrumah – Ghana – Gr. Britain C. Jomo Kenyatta – Kenya – Great Britain D. Julius Nyerre – Tanzania – Germany E. Leopold Sedar Senghor – Senegal – France F. Mobutu Sese Sekou – Congo – Belgium 11. Kwame Nkrumah and Jomo Kenyatta:  11. Kwame Nkrumah and Jomo Kenyatta 12. Problems of New African Nations:  12. Problems of New African Nations A. Tribalism – continuing loyalty to tribes and prejudice against other tribes B. Poverty – massive unemployment or under employment C. Subsistence Agriculture – many tribes, villages, families, exist on what they produce D. Disease – epidemics of malaria, ebola virus, parasites, nutritional diseases, yellow fever, sleeping sickness, STD, and HIV/AIDS 13. Problems (cont.):  13. Problems (cont.) E. Hunger – vast numbers are hungry daily F. Sanitary Conditions – lack of knowledge of the link between cleanliness and disease prevention G. Lack of Communication – with over 800 major language groups, intertribal communication remains a problem H. Lack of Educational Opportunities – rural villages and cities lack the educational resources to properly educate the young I. Desertification – the spread of the deserts 14. Video:  14. Video 15. Communication Problems:  15. Communication Problems 16. Important Terms and People:  16. Important Terms and People A. gradualism B. assimilation C. paternalism D. language group E. imperialism F. tribalism G. nationalism H. colonialism I. The Berlin Conference (1884) J. pan - Africanism K. Menelik II L. Kwame Nkrumah M. Jomo Kenyatta N. Julius Nyerre O. Joseph Mobutu P. desertification Q. subsistence agriculture R. third world country S. underdeveloped nation

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