PowerPointB8 Cold War

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Information about PowerPointB8 Cold War

Published on December 23, 2007

Author: Noemie

Source: authorstream.com

Slide1:  The Cold War and the Mushroom Cloud World History B – Seminar #7 Containment – Cold War policy of limiting Communism to areas already under Soviet control. Warm Up – Define “Containment” The Foundations of the Cold War:  The Foundations of the Cold War Following World War II, much of the world became embroiled in a decades-long struggle over the spread of communism. The main combatants were the Soviet Union, which sought to spread communism around the globe, and the United States, which sought to stop its growth. For the next forty years, these two superpowers fought a “cold” war, in which they did not physically fight each other but instead supported opposing sides in civil wars around the world. The Cold War raged throughout Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the Middle East, as western democracies tried—sometimes with the use of their own troops—to keep nations from becoming Communist. The Cold War thawed briefly in the 1970s and then intensified again during the 1980s. Postwar Conferences: Yalta:  Postwar Conferences: Yalta Yalta - February, 1945. Big Three attended. Russia – Stalin Great Britain – Churchill United States – Franklin D. Roosevelt United Nations designed Germany divided and occupied by Big Three and France Germany to pay reparations and try Nazis as war criminals Russia will help to fight Japan in return for territory in China Postwar Conferences: Potsdam:  Postwar Conferences: Potsdam Yalta – July and August, 1945. Big Three attended. Russia – Stalin Great Britain – Atlee United States – Harry S. Truman Berlin divided and occupied by Big Three and France Called for surrender of Japan Truman informed of successful Atomic Bomb testing while at Potsdam Germany is Divided and the Iron Curtain Falls:  Germany is Divided and the Iron Curtain Falls Using the map on page 794, list the NATO countries (purple) and the Warsaw Pact countries (orange). The Cold War Lineup:  The Cold War Lineup Truman Doctrine – page 793:  Truman Doctrine – page 793 Russia refused to withdraw from the countries it liberated from Germany In Greece, Stalin backed a Communist revolution Stalin was also threatening to take over Turkey President Truman, in 1947, declared that Communism must be contained Truman also pledged the United States to support “free people who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed forces.” Berlin Airlift – page 794:  Berlin Airlift – page 794 Stalin dismantled East German industries and used them to rebuild Russia Berlin, former capital of Germany is divided into four zones, although it lies deep within the East German zone occupied by Russia. Stalin blockades East Germany and Berlin, stopping Allied traffic and supplies. Allies airlift supplies to Berlin (page 795) Stalin builds a wall around Berlin to keep East Germans from escaping Soviet territory into freedom in West Berlin. (First conflict in the Cold War, page 797)) Hot Wars in Asia: Korea and Vietnam – page 839:  Hot Wars in Asia: Korea and Vietnam – page 839 1950 – Korean War begins when Communist North Korean forces invade non Communist South Korea American and other UN forces aid South Korea Russia and Communist China aid North Korea. Korean War is a standoff. North Korea withdraws. Hot Wars in Asia: Korea and Vietnam – page 839:  Hot Wars in Asia: Korea and Vietnam – page 839 1963 - Vietnam War draws American involvement when Communist North Vietnam tries a forced reunification of a divided country. South Vietnam wishes to remain non Communist. Vietnam War divides Americans 1974 – United States withdraws from Vietnam. Communists take over Saigon and Vietnam is currently Communist Cold War Confrontation with Cuba:  Cold War Confrontation with Cuba 1962 - Cuban Missile Crisis Major confrontation between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) over Soviet-supplied missile installations in Cuba, The world's closest approach to nuclear war. In 1960 Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev launched plans to supply Cuba with medium- and intermediate-range ballistic missiles that would put the eastern United States within range of nuclear missile attack. Khrushchev mistakenly assumed that the United States would take no action and when questioned denied that any missiles were being supplied to Cuba. By the summer of 1962, U.S. spy planes flying over Cuba had photographed Soviet-managed construction work and spotted the first ballistic missile on October 14. Cold War Confrontation with Cuba:  Cold War Confrontation with Cuba President Kennedy blockaded Cuba until missiles were removed, despite Khruschev’s threats President Kennedy delivers a television speech outlining the blockade and the nuclear threat Sale of fallout shelters skyrockets in US. Cuban missiles removed after 14 days of fear of nuclear war 1991 – Soviet Union Collapses:  1991 – Soviet Union Collapses 1991 – Communism in Soviet Union proves unsupportable Soviet soldiers withdraw from Poland, Czechoslovakia and East Germany The Wall around Berlin is torn down as a symbolic end to the Cold War

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