Published on June 18, 2013
Poverty• Hunger• Lack of shelter• Sick and not being able to see a doctor• Not having access to school and not knowing howto read• Not having a job, living one day at a time• Losing a child to illness brought about by uncleanwater• Powerless, lack of representation and freedom
Effects of Poverty on children• According to UNICEF:• 22.000 children die every day due to poverty inthe World• 27% - 28% of all children in developing countriesare underweight• Amongst the 1.9 billion children in the developingworld:- 1 in 3 children are without adequate shelter- 1 in 5 children have no access to safe water- 1 in 7 children have to access to health services
Poverty in India• 27.5% of India’s population lives below thepoverty line, 75% of these people live in ruralareas• 77% of Indians live on a daily income of Rs.20 aday• India’s poorest people include 50& of membersof scheduled tribes and 40% of people inscheduled castes• Poorest areas in India – Rajashtan, MadhyaPradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand,Chattissgarh, Orissa and West Bengal
Causes of Poverty in India• Population of India is the 2nd largest country• 68.84% of India’s total population live in Ruralareas• Lack of Capital: Not able to do their farmingactivities and earn, so they reach below thepoverty line• Lack of literacy: 50% of children living in theseareas leave school before the 5th grade
• School drop outs, due to:• Lack of interest• Work in farm fields• Hours are long and pay in less, therefore noincentive or motivation• Most females, as they traditionally belong tothe household
Large families• Two main reasons:• No proper family planning in the rural areasamong the villagers, which increases thepopulation• People living in one single family due totraditional joint family norms, this increases theburden of number of people to be fed in thehouse and also increases the expenses• Lack of Alternate Employment Opportunitiesother than agriculture
Government’s initiatives• For employment:• Jawahar Gram Samriddhi Yojana (Formerlyknows as Jawahar Rozgar Yojana)• Training Rural Youth self employment TRYSEMScheme• Sampurna Gramin Rozgar Yojana• National Rural Employment GuaranteeScheme
• For Family Planning: Family planning. WelfareProgram for Population Control• For Farmers Insurance: Group Life Insurancefor Rural Areas & Agricultural IncomeInsurance Scheme
Urban India• The bulk of the Urban Poor are living in extremely deprivedconditions with insufficient physical amenities like:• Low-cost water supply• Improper Sanitation• Bad Sewage and Drainage System• Very less social services relating to health care, nutrition,pre-school and non-formal education• Poverty level is below 10% in Delhi, Goa and Punjab.Poverty level is below 50% in Bihar, Orissa.Poverty level is between 30% - 40% in NorthEastern Statesof Assam, Tripura and Meghalaya and in Southern States ofTamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh
Role of NGOs• 2 approaches:1) Supply-side/Micro-tasks:Provision of basic public servicesprovision of social and economic providers2)Demand-side/Macro-tasks:Articulator of the people’s voiceMobilize and clarify demand for services fromGovernment and the market
What can we do?• Sustainable use of resources• Pay taxes, can be used for eradication of others• Widening the concept of employment• Ensuring financial services to the poor• Recognizing every single human being as a potentialentrepreneur• Recognizing social entrepreneurs as potential agentsfor creating a world of peace, harmony and progress• Recognizing the role f globalization and informationand technology in reducing poverty
• Thank you
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