Post Cold War

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Information about Post Cold War

Published on April 13, 2008

Author: Oceane


Post-Cold War Period:  Post-Cold War Period The Persian Gulf War:  The Persian Gulf War Saddam Hussein, dictator of Iraq Iraq invaded its wealthy neighbor Kuwait on August 2, 1990 because of an oil dispute. The U.S. dispatched troops to Saudi Arabia to prevent Iraq expansion. Desert Shield The U.N. authorized the use of force to dislodge Iraq from Kuwait. By January 1991, George Bush had put together a 28 nation coalition The Gulf War:  The Gulf War Operation Desert Storm Air attack began on January 17 against Baghdad Ground attack began on February 24 and lasted only 4 days Cease fire on February 28 Saddam Hussein remained in power. Continued economic sanctions Recession and Downsizing:  Recession and Downsizing The former Cold War Rivals began the process of downsizing the military. Private businesses also began “restructuring” and “downsizing” Economic recession Increased inflation and unemployment and decreased production. The recession would be short and self-correcting. “Peace dividend” The economic situation improved by 1996. Unleashing Globalization:  Unleashing Globalization The end of the Cold War removed many impediments to globalization. With many of the political and ideological obstacles to international integration dissolving, capital, commodities, people, and culture crossed borders with ever-greater freedom. Tariffs and immigration laws changed. Trade Integration:  Trade Integration East Asia China went from 5 to 12 percent of the world’s GDP Singapore, Taiwan, South Korea, and Hong Kong became mini-powerhouses Over 25 percent by 1989 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) (1993) U.S., Mexico, and Canada Maastricht Treaty (1991) The constitution for the European Union, which was to be a fully integrated trading and financial bloc Single European Currency (the euro) Israeli-Palestinian Arab Conflict:  Israeli-Palestinian Arab Conflict The Palestinian Authority led by Yasir Arafat Israel led by Yitzhak Rabin Oslo Agreements (1993-94) Series of withdrawals by the Israelis and the turnover of land to the Palestinian Authority Palestinian self-rule in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Slide9: Israeli-Palestinian Arab Conflict:  Israeli-Palestinian Arab Conflict Unresolved issues Status of Jerusalem Both claimed sovereignty over Jerusalem. Security issues Control of water resources Ultimate status of the Palestinian entity Palestinians believed the process would lead to complete independence. Israeli Prime Minister Rabin assassinated in 1995. Sporadic violence on both sides continues. Yugoslavian Turmoil (The Balkans):  Yugoslavian Turmoil (The Balkans) Ethnic and religious conflicts in Bosnia and Croatia Orthodox Serbs, Catholic Croats, and Bosnian or Albanian Muslims “Ethnic Cleansing” Dayton Accord (1995) NATO and Peacekeeping mission. Intervention in Kosovo Muslim Albanians outnumbered Serbs. Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic asserted Serbian control through martial law. NATO launched air strikes in 1999. Milosevic resigned in 2000. Post-Cold War Shifts in Political Power (Move to Center):  Post-Cold War Shifts in Political Power (Move to Center) U.S. (1992) Republican George Bush is defeated by Democrat Bill Clinton France (1995) Neo-Gaullist Jacques Chirac was elected to replace the socialist Mitterrand. Great Britain (1997) Conservative John Major defeated by the Labour Party and Tony Blair Germany (1998) Social Democrat Gerhard Schroder was elected to replace Helmut Kohl’s more conservative party. Schroder and Blair moved their nations to the political center by advocating a “Third Way” between socialism and capitalism Russia (2000) Vladimir Putin wins in 2000 after Yeltsin resigns

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