Published on October 24, 2013
Democratic, Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Sinhala Tamil English
. The Official Language in Sri Lanka shall be Sinhala. . Tamil shall also be an Official Language. . English shall be the Link Language. 13th Amendment of the Constitution (2011) of Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka,
Date Event 1796 The British East India Company annexes the Maritime Provin Treaty of Amiens ces, and English becomes the only official language. 1948 Sri Lanka (then Ceylon) gains independence from Great Brita Dominion Status in. English remains the only official language of independent Ceylon. 1956 Sinhala becomes the only official language of Sri Lanka. Official Languages Act English is dethroned. July 1987 Sinhala, Tamil and English are declared the official languages Indo – Sri Lanka Accord of Sri Lanka. November 1987 English is the link language, Sinhala and Tamil are the official 13th Amendment to the constitution languages of Sri Lanka.
The variety of English we use in Sri Lanka at present is identified as the English of colonized but not of colonizer. SSLE has its own dictionary and literature. Tamil English SSLE Burgher English “Not Pot” English
English as a Foreign language English as a Second Language English native speakers
micr o 65 – Participants, Sri Lankans in the age group of 20 - 40
1. English is important to find a good job and for higher education. 2. English is important for successful online communication 3. It is important learn English as an International Language. 4. English is required to communicate with native speakers of English. 5. English is required to communicate with non native speakers of English. 6. It is important to have native like pronunciation. 7. English has to be learned from native speakers of English. 8. Sri Lankan English teachers are capable of teaching not only grammar but pronunciation effectively. 9. Are you aware of different varieties of English ? 10. Which variety of English do you want to learn and use? Rank them in order of preference.
1. Sri Lankans accept the importance of learning English for up ward mobility in the society. 2. The participants acknowledge the importance of English as an international language and admit that English is used to com municate with native as non native speakers of English. 3. The participants of the study are aware of different varieties of English and they do not discriminate native and non native m odels of English. 4. Despite of positive attitudes towards non native varieties of E nglish the participants still prefer to learn and use inner circle varieties of English.
•2009 has been declared as the year of IT and English in Sri Lanka •on July 19, 2009, the President launched the National Road Map to promote Spoken/ Communicative English skills in Sri Lanka. • English as a Life Skill Speak English Our way
“..children should be allowed and encouraged to speak English our way and they should not feel ashamed or inferior to do so. Many countries in the world have their own ways of speaking English and there is no reason for Sri Lanka to be an exception and children should not be deterred from speaking English our way….” Sunimal Fernando the Coordinator/ Convener of the Presidential Task Force on English and IT,
“The classroom is a powerful site of policy negotiation. The pedagogies practiced and texts produced in the classroom can reconstruct policies ground up. In fact, the classroom is already a policy site; every time teachers insist on a uniform variety of language or discourse, we are helping reproduce monolingualist ideologies and linguistic hierarchies.” (Canagarajah : 2006)
1. English is important to find a good job and for higher education. . Number of Participants Strongly Agree Agree Neutral 1 Disagree 0 Strongly Disagree 0 48 16
2. English is important for successful online communication Number of Participants Strongly Agree 38 Agree Neutral 24 2 Disagree 1 Strongly Disagree 0
3. It is important to learn English as an international language. Number of Participants Strongly Agree Agree Neutral 0 Disagree 0 Strongly Disagree 0 52 13
4. English is required to communicate with native speakers of English. Number of Participants Strongly Agree 30 Agree 30 Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree 0 3 2
5. English is required to communicate with non native speakers of English. Number of Participants Strongly Agree 6 Agree 36 Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree 0 17 6
It is important to have a native-like pronunciation. Number of Participants Strongly Agree 2 Agree 13 Neutral 23 Disagree Strongly Disagree 22 5
7. English should be learned from native speakers of English. Number of Participants Strongly Agree 0 Agree 15 Neutral 19 Disagree Strongly Disagree 29 2
8. Sri Lankan English teachers are capable of teaching not only grammar but pronunciation effectively. Number of Participants Strongly Agree 16 Agree 26 Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree 19 1 3
Are you aware of different varieties of English? Number of Participants Yes No 62 3
Average Ranking according to the preferred variety to learn/use Avarage Ranking British English American English Australian English Sri Lankan English Canadian English New Zealand English Hongkong English Indian English Pakistani English South African English Singapore English Koren English 11.02 10.82 9.74 9.28 8.23 6.02 5.42 4.37 3.91 3.4 3.17 2.65
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