Porter Five Forces Model

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Information about Porter Five Forces Model
Business & Mgmt

Published on July 13, 2009

Author: adamkasi

Source: slideshare.net

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Porter five forces model of competitive analysis is widely used approach for developing strategies in many industries.

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Por t e r Fi ve - For c e s M l ode  Porter five forces model of competitive analysis is widely used approach for developing strategies in many industries.

Por t e r Fi ve - For c e s M l ode  According to porter, the nature of competitiveness in a given industry can be viewed as a composite of five forces.  Rivalry among competitive firms  Potential entry of new competitors  Potential Development of Substitute Products  Bargaining power of suppliers  Bargaining power of consumers

Por t e r Fi ve - For c e s M l ode Rivalry Among Competitive Firms Rivalry among competing firms is the most powerful of the five competitive forces. The ongoing war between firms competing in the same industry for gaining customer share to increase revenues and profits. The competition is more intense if firm pursue strategies that gives competitive advantage over the strategies pursued by rivals. Examples In telecommunication industry firms are lowering their prices to increase consumer call ratio by minimize per minute profit margin but increasing overall company revenues.

Por t e r Fi ve - For c e s M l ode Potential Entry of New Competitors Potential entry of new competitors is also the factor to intense the competition in the industry. Larger the pool of new entrants result in more changes of intense competition. Barriers to entry, however can restrict the firms from entering the market, more number of entry barriers will make it difficult for the new entrants to exploit the opportunity of new market.

Por t e r Fi ve - For c e s M l ode Potential Development of Substitute Products Firms mostly monitoring the trends within the industry to track the strategies but competition not only arise within the similar industry but also in different industry. Companies in other industry offer products with similar features and functionality or even better act as substitute for the products. For Instance, the producers of eyeglasses and contact lenses are facing mounting competitive pressures from growing consumer interest in laser surgery. Newspaper are feeling competitive force of the general public turning to cable news channels for late-breaking news and using Internet sources to get information about sports results, stock quotes, and job opportunities.

Por t e r Fi ve - For c e s M l ode Bargaining Power of Suppliers Bargaining power of supplier effect the intensity of competition especially if there are huge number of supplier, less availability of raw material and the cost of switching supplier or raw material is high. These attributes in the industry gives power to the supplier to enforce term and conditions on manufacturers and charge high cost of raw material.

Por t e r Fi ve - For c e s M l ode Bargaining Power of Consumers Consumers are the final user of the products, performance of the companies totally depend upon the consumers. Bargaining power of consumers is more especially when they are huge in number and consumers purchase in large quantity. Rivals firms offer discounts, warranty and services to switch the consumer from one brand to another in same industry. For Example, P & G have online portal to ask the customer about their views and new ideas about the products of their desire

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