Port Logistics in Busan Port

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Information about Port Logistics in Busan Port

Published on March 21, 2014

Author: fitriwardhono

Source: slideshare.net

Sokchang Kwon Director of Port & Logistics Division Busan office, Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Korea Port Logistics in Busan Port

Republic of Korea The Busan Port What is going to be presented about Busan PortWhat is going to be presented about Busan Port Introduction to Busan PortIntroduction to Busan Port Transportation System of Busan PortTransportation System of Busan Port General trend of international port logisticsGeneral trend of international port logistics SWOT analysis on Busan Port transportationSWOT analysis on Busan Port transportation ConclusionsConclusions

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Introduction to Busan portIntroduction to Busan port Overview Briefs of Busan Port Facilities Distripark in Busan New Port

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Gamcheon Harbor South Harbor Dadaepo Harbor North Harbor Busan New Port Busan Port is located at the gate of Korean peninsular Overview : Busan Port

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Overview : Busan Port

Republic of Korea The Busan Port General Information  Port open date 1876. 9. 11  Water depth (-)5m ∼ (-)15m  Length of coast 202km  Area of water 243㎢  Port open date 1876. 9. 11  Water depth (-)5m ∼ (-)15m  Length of coast 202km  Area of water 243㎢  Calling vessels 55,608 ships  Calling vessels per day 152.3 ships  Container Cargo handling 11.4 million TEU  Total cargo handling tonnage 169,264,000 t  Calling vessels 55,608 ships  Calling vessels per day 152.3 ships  Container Cargo handling 11.4 million TEU  Total cargo handling tonnage 169,264,000 t Briefs of Busan Port ’04 Operation Record

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Briefs of Busan Port

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Briefs of Busan Port: Construction Status

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Briefs of Busan Port: Outline of Busan New Port  Outline of Development  Construction Plan • Purpose : Expand port facilities • Period : 1995 ~ 2011 • Project total cost : 7.8 billion dollars - Government : 3.6 billion dollars - Private : 4.2 billion dollars • Total size : 30 berths • North container terminal : 13 berths - Private : 9 berths - KCTA(Korea Container Terminal Authority) : 4 berths • South container terminal : 11 berths - Government : 4 berths - Private : 7 berths • West container terminal : 5 berths • Multipurpose terminal : 1 berths

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Terminal Construction Plan Classification Total 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 No. of berths 30 3 3 1 11 4 3 5 - Government 5 - - 1 4 - - - - PNC.co 9 3 3 - 3 - - - - KCTA 9 - - - 4 - - 5 - Other Private 7 - - - - 4 3 - No. of berths 30 3 6 7 18 22 25 30 Total capacity (1,000 TEU) 8,040 900 1,800 1,910 4,430 5,640 6,540 8,040 Briefs of Busan Port: Outline of Busan New Port

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Conventional Piers Name - Pier 1 Cargo handling - 3,646,205 tons Berthing vessel - 2,430 ships Facility - 1,089m (DWT10,000*3) Draft - 9m Name - Pier 1 Cargo handling - 3,646,205 tons Berthing vessel - 2,430 ships Facility - 1,089m (DWT10,000*3) Draft - 9m Pier 1 Facilities - North Harbor

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Pier 2 Conventional Piers Name - Pier 2 Cargo handling - 4,562,325 tons Berthing vessel - 1,340 ships Name - Pier 2 Cargo handling - 4,562,325 tons Berthing vessel - 1,340 ships Facility - 924m (DWT20,000*1) (DWT10,000*1) (DWT 4,000*1) Draft - 9m Facility - 924m (DWT20,000*1) (DWT10,000*1) (DWT 4,000*1) Draft - 9m Facilities - North Harbor

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Central Pier Conventional Piers Name - Central Pier Cargo handling - 6,774,268 tons Berthing vessel - 1,161 ships Name - Central Pier Cargo handling - 6,774,268 tons Berthing vessel - 1,161 ships Facility - 646m (DWT10,000*3) Draft - 9m Facility - 646m (DWT10,000*3) Draft - 9m Facilities - North Harbor

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Pier 3 Conventional Piers Name - Pier 3 Cargo handling - 7,703,769 ton Berthing vessel - 2,180 ships Name - Pier 3 Cargo handling - 7,703,769 ton Berthing vessel - 2,180 ships Facility - 1,145m (DWT20,000*1) (DWT10,000*3) (DWT 5,000*2) Draft - 9m Facility - 1,145m (DWT20,000*1) (DWT10,000*3) (DWT 5,000*2) Draft - 9m Facilities - North Harbor

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Pier 4 Conventional Piers Name - Pier 4 Cargo handling - 15,640,802 tons Berthing vessel - 1,774 ships Name - Pier 4 Cargo handling - 15,640,802 tons Berthing vessel - 1,774 ships Facility - 1,311m (DWT20,000*1) (DWT10,000*4) (DWT 5,000*2) Draft - 5.5 m~ 8 m Facility - 1,311m (DWT20,000*1) (DWT10,000*4) (DWT 5,000*2) Draft - 5.5 m~ 8 m Facilities – North Harbor

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Conventional Piers  Name - Pier 8  Cargo handling - 892,296 tons  Berthing vessel - 222 sips  Name - Pier 8  Cargo handling - 892,296 tons  Berthing vessel - 222 sips Facility - 1,001m (DWT15,000*3) (DWT10,000*1) (DWT 5,000*1) Draft - 5 m~ 10m Facility - 1,001m (DWT15,000*3) (DWT10,000*1) (DWT 5,000*1) Draft - 5 m~ 10m Facilities - North Harbor

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Name - International Passenger Terminal Visiting Passengers - 1,361,808 persons Berthing Vessel - 1,404 ships Name - International Passenger Terminal Visiting Passengers - 1,361,808 persons Berthing Vessel - 1,404 ships Passenger Terminal Facility - 460m (DWT10,000*1) (DWT 3,000*1) Draft - 4.6m ~ 8.5m Facility - 460m (DWT10,000*1) (DWT 3,000*1) Draft - 4.6m ~ 8.5m Facilities - North Harbor

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Name - Jaseongdae Cargo handling - 1,820,628 TEU Berthing vessel - 1,533 ships Name - Jaseongdae Cargo handling - 1,820,628 TEU Berthing vessel - 1,533 ships Container Terminal Facility - 1,477m (DWT50,000*4) (DWT10,000*1) Draft - 15m Facility - 1,477m (DWT50,000*4) (DWT10,000*1) Draft - 15m Facilities - North Harbor

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Name - Uam Cargo handling - 548,021 TEU Berthing vessel - 649 ships Name - Uam Cargo handling - 548,021 TEU Berthing vessel - 649 ships Container Terminal Facility - 500m (DWT20,000*1) (DWT 5,000*2) Draft - 11m Facility - 500m (DWT20,000*1) (DWT 5,000*2) Draft - 11m Facilities - North Harbor

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Name - Singamman Cargo handling - 972,786 TEU Berthing vessel - 1,011 ships Name - Singamman Cargo handling - 972,786 TEU Berthing vessel - 1,011 ships Container Terminal Capacity - 826m (DWT50,000*2) (DWT 5,000*1) Draft - 15m Capacity - 826m (DWT50,000*2) (DWT 5,000*1) Draft - 15m Facilities - North Harbor

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Name - Gamman Cargo handling - 2,716,088 TEU Berthing vessel - 2,342 ships Name - Gamman Cargo handling - 2,716,088 TEU Berthing vessel - 2,342 ships Container Terminal Facility - 1,400m (DWT50,000*4) Draft - 15m Facility - 1,400m (DWT50,000*4) Draft - 15m Facilities - North Harbor

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Name - Sinsundae Cargo handling - 1,982,306 TEU Berthing vessel - 1,504 ships Name - Sinsundae Cargo handling - 1,982,306 TEU Berthing vessel - 1,504 ships Container Terminal Facility - 1,200m (DWT50,000*4) Draft - 15m~ 16m Facility - 1,200m (DWT50,000*4) Draft - 15m~ 16m Facilities – North Harbor

Republic of Korea The Busan Port  Name - Grain Terminal  Cargo handling - 1,323,009 tons  Berthing vessel - 208 ships  Name - Grain Terminal  Cargo handling - 1,323,009 tons  Berthing vessel - 208 ships Grain Terminal Facilities - North Harbor

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Name - Southern Fishery Port Main Cargo - Marine Products Berthing Capacity - 103 Berths Name - Southern Fishery Port Main Cargo - Marine Products Berthing Capacity - 103 Berths Southern Fishery Port Facilities - South Harbor

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Name - Central Pier Cargo handling - 1,692,000 tons Berthing vessel - 445 ships Name - Central Pier Cargo handling - 1,692,000 tons Berthing vessel - 445 ships Conventional Pier Facilities - Gamcheon Harbor

Republic of Korea The Busan Port  Name - Gamcheon Hanjin Cargo handling - 547,766 TEU  Berthing vessel - 410 ships  Name - Gamcheon Hanjin Cargo handling - 547,766 TEU  Berthing vessel - 410 ships Container Terminal Facility - 600m (DWT50,000*2) Draft - 13m Facility - 600m (DWT50,000*2) Draft - 13m Facilities - Gamcheon Harbor

Republic of Korea The Busan Port  Name - Dadaepo Harbor Main Cargo - Coastal marine products  Berthing Capacity - 25,000 DWT X 2  Characteristics - Multipurpose Pier  Name - Dadaepo Harbor Main Cargo - Coastal marine products  Berthing Capacity - 25,000 DWT X 2  Characteristics - Multipurpose Pier Conventional Pier Facilities - Dadaepo Harbor

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Master Plan for Distrikpark Woongdong complex Distriparks for North container terminal Distriparks for south container terminal

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Basic Concept of Distriparks □ Land utilization plan of New port area -- Create distriparks for logistics business in North and SouthCreate distriparks for logistics business in North and South container terminalcontainer terminal -- Create Free Economic Zone to promote a hub role in NorthCreate Free Economic Zone to promote a hub role in North-- East Asian regionEast Asian region □ Land utilization plan for Woongdong area -- Establish functions of logistics and distribution center to enhanceEstablish functions of logistics and distribution center to enhance growth possibility and vitalization of Busan New Port in the future.growth possibility and vitalization of Busan New Port in the future. -- Maintain coMaintain co--relationship between logistics and leisure &relationship between logistics and leisure & tourism to strengthen Selftourism to strengthen Self--sufficient logisticssufficient logistics

Republic of Korea The Busan Port • Area : about 3.083 Mil.㎡ logisticslogistics residentialresidential commercialcommercial North container terminalNorth container terminal Specific Plan – Distriparks Specific Land utilization plan of distriparks in North container terminal

Republic of Korea The Busan Port General trend of international port logistics General trend of international port logistics

Republic of Korea The Busan Port - Container cargo of NE Asia is expected to reach at 1.36 mill. TEUs in 2010, which accounts for 32% of global container cargo volume 266 84 2002 423 136 2010 <Unit : Million TEU> (World) (World) (NE Asia) (NE Asia)  World : 5.97% Annual average increasing rate  NE Asia: 6.21% - Particularly, recent container cargo volume in China has been drastically increased at more than 30% per annual General trend of International logistics □ NE Asia has been emerged as the world three large trade region

Republic of Korea The Busan Port - Hub and spokes system, in which large vessels only call at hub ports - Trend of container vessel being bigger is accelerating the adoption of Hub & Spokes system General trend of International logistics □ The container vessels become larger and call at hub ports ※ 4,000TEU(’80s)→ 6,000(’90s)→8,000(’00s)→ 12,000TEU(future) - International logistics has been changed into ‘the regional hub-based global logistics system’

Republic of Korea The Busan Port - Shanghai plans to build 52 berths additionally in Yangshan port, in which 5 berths will be completed by the end of 2005. - Japan also established “Super hub-port plan”(in 2002), and has actively participated in the hub port construction competition. General trend of International logistics □ Strong competition for becoming regional logistics hub.

Republic of Korea The Busan Port 4,216 5,613 6,334 8,620 11,280 21.8 (7) (6) (5) (4) (3) 2,986 3,993 5,076 7,614 10,650 29.0 (11) (11) (8) (6) (4) 6,440 7,540 8,073 9,453 10,408 10.1 (4) (3) (3) (3) (5) 6,985 7,426 7,541 8,493 8,840 4.8 (3) (4) (4) (5) (6) 3,829 4,879 5,184 6,106 7,179 17.3 (8) (7) (7) (8) (7) 6,342 6,275 6,096 6,506 7,107 2.3 (5) (5) (6) (7) (8) 3,738 4,248 4,689 5,374 6,138 10.4 (9) (9) (9) (9) (9) 3,614 4,082 4,218 4,777 5,445 8.5 (10) (10) (11) (10) (10) 2,845 3,058 3,502 4,194 5,152 12.6 (13) (15) (13) (13) (11) 2,550 3,207 3,760 4,533 4,841 13.7 (15) (12) (12) (11) (12) Dubai Port Kl Hamburg Antwerp L.A Rotterdam Busan Kahosiung Sh Sh General trend of International logistics: The world’s top container ports

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Transportation System in Busan Port Transportation System in Busan Port

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Busan, a hub port in the world

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Transportation Network Expressway Network Railway Network

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Access to the Busan New Port Project title Opening year Rear road Ⅰ 2008 Rear road Ⅱ 2011 Access roadⅠ 2006 Connection road from Busan to Geoje 2011 Project title Opening year Rear railroad(Single) 2008 Access railroad to N- Con.terminal(Single) 2008 Road Railway

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Container Non-container total (TEU/Yr) % (TEU/Yr) % (TEU/Yr) % Seoul 280,853 5.1% 1,380,885 12.5% 5,537,509 6.0% Incheon 195,944 3.5% 244,012 2.2% 3,143,983 3.4% Gyunggi 833,036 15.1% 509,437 4.6% 12,838,370 13.8% Gangwon 6,705 0.1% 17,958 0.2% 117,192 0.1% Busan 513,414 9.3% 5,025,854 45.4% 12,624,381 13.6% Gyungnam 1,054,345 19.1% 1,611,805 14.6% 17,216,111 18.6% Ulsan 793,480 14.4% 476,153 4.3% 12,219,657 13.2% Daegu 250,199 4.5% 292,398 2.6% 3,995,343 4.3% Gyungbuk 753,222 13.6% 845,531 7.6% 11,993,217 12.9% Others 840,532 15.3% 661,427 6.0% 13,101,300 15.1 total 5,521,730 100.0% 11,065,460 100.0% 92,787,063 100.0% O/D analysis

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Composition of port transportation

Republic of Korea The Busan Port 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Increasing rate total 4,677 4,807 5,150 5,130 5,566 4.4% Road 3,932 4,085 4,384 4,460 4,942 5.9% 84.0 85.0 85.1 86.6 88.8 607 593 650 551 580 -1.1% 13.0 12.3 12.6 11.0 10.4 Coastal Transportation 138 129 116 119 44 -24.9% 3.0 2.7 2.3 2.4 0.8 railway (%) (%) (%) Composition of port transportation

Republic of Korea The Busan Port SWOT analysis on Busan Port transportation SWOT analysis on Busan Port transportation

Republic of Korea The Busan Port SWOT Analysis Busan Port Transportation Strength Opportunity Weakness Threats

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Strength SWOT analysis - Strength Huge investment Many of competitive logistics companies Pre-planned transportation system in Busan New port

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Weakness Centralization of transportation in Busan port (some local ports should be developed to save inland transportation cost) Centralization of inland transportation. ( no waterway available) Not enough CY in and out of Busan Port SWOT analysis - Weakness

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Opportunity SWOT analysis - Opportunity Recognize the importance of port logistics and support logistics industry Systematic and comprehensive road construction plans are underway

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Threat Increasing labor cost in port logistics industry Keep the balance between development and environment`` Delay of construction projects due to environmental problems Conflict between central government and local government SWOT analysis -Threat

Republic of Korea The Busan Port ConclusionsConclusions

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Lesson from Busan Port case Railway is not a perfect solution for port logistics Conflicts can exist between citizens’demand and port industry Airport and seaport should be linked for a better system Logistics center contains rest areas and top-notched system like RFID As well as Road and railway construction Long-term plan can save a huge amount of money such as buying Land and compensation for residents etc.

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Suggestions for new projects Pre-planned transportation plan based on precise survey Aggressive investment on infrastructure Need of B/C analysis on choice of transportation Benchmarking from failure cases Logistics Experts’participation (Civil engineers’should be involved in establishing port logistics plans)

Republic of Korea The Busan Port Thank You

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