Published on February 24, 2014
Ang pagkanaug/ pagpili ug santo papa: By: Bro. Ryan R. Mejillano Ang pagkanaug / pagpili ug santo papa PowerPoint Presentation: Pope abdicates his ministry Date announced: February 11, 2013 Date effective: February 28, 2013 (8:00pm) March 1, 2:00 am ( Philippine time ) PowerPoint Presentation: Validity: Code of Canon Law 332 # 2 “Should it happen that the Roman Pontiff resigns from his office, it is required for validity that the resignation be FREELY MADE & PROPERLY MANIFESTED , but it is not necessary that it be accepted by anyone” (emphasis mine) PowerPoint Presentation: Freely made? YES in his DECLARATIO - written in his own hands in latin and read out loud after the announcement of 3 saints to be canonized this May “….for this reason, and well aware of the seriousness of this act, with FULL FREEDOM, I DECLARE THAT I RENOUNCE THE MINISTRY of Bishop of Rome, Successor of St. Peter…” ( emphasis mine) PowerPoint Presentation: Properly manifested? YES “…..from 28 February 2013 at 8:00 in the evening, the See of Rome, the See of St. Peter, will be vacant and a conclave to elect the new Supreme Pontiff will have to be convoked…” Code of Canon Law (CIC) 333 # 3 “There is neither appeal nor recourse against a judgment or a decree of the Roman Pontiff”. (There was total SILENCE to all cardinals present) PowerPoint Presentation: Light of the World, page 30 “If a pope clearly realizes that he is no longer physically, psychologically, and spiritually capable of handling the duties of his office, then he has a right and under some circumstances, also an obligation to resign”. PowerPoint Presentation: Cause of resignation ? “….strength of mind and body….has deteriorated in me to the extent that I have had to recognize my incapacity to adequately fulfill the ministry entrusted to me”. PowerPoint Presentation: Scandal in the Church is the cause? NOT and NEVER 2006 – statement about Islam and Prophet Mohammad 2007 – uproar on the Motu Proprio Summorum Pontificum (Traditional Latin Mass ) 2009 – Lifting of the excommunication and Jewish relations 2010 – Sex scandals 2011 – 2012 – Papal butlers issue PowerPoint Presentation: Light of the World, page 29 " When the danger is great, one must not run away. For that reason, now is certainly not the time to resign. Precisely at a time like this one must stand fast and endure the difficult situation. That is my view. One can resign at a peaceful moment or when one is simply cannot go on. But one must not run away from danger and say that someone else should do it.” Are there popes who have resigned? YES : Clement I – 1 st century 2. Celestine V – 1294 3. Gregory XII – 1415 4. Benedict XVI – 2013 Are there popes who have resigned? YES Hind sights : Good moment to announce – Eve of Lent ensures the Church to have a new pope by Easter Waited to resign until after he had observed the 50 th Anniversary of the opening of Second Vatican Council. His single unifying project – correct interpretation of Vatican II . He probably wants his successor to feel the weight of the cross of our Lord/ Palm Sunday/ Easter Sunday He called all cardinals by name and he knew them He is handing over the good fight to those who are young and capable A man of good governance, courageous and a man of humility – truly a saint. Hind sights What happens next? : CONCLAVE Regulated by ancient rules and recent rules – “interregnum” will begin exactly @ 8pm Normally interregnum begins with a pope’s death and is followed by a period of mourning This time resignation – prayer @ Castel Gandolfo What happens next? PowerPoint Presentation: Apostolic Constitution “ Universi Dominici Gregis ” # 33 – must not above 120 Cardinal electors Once vacant, governed by the College of Cardinals Roman Curia – Vatican’s network of administrative offices loses temporarily the function # 3 & 77 – death or valid resignation of the Pope PowerPoint Presentation: College of Cardinals is to deal solely with “ordinary business and matters which cannot be postponed”. # 37 – wait 15 days for those who are arriving cardinals # 44 – not to communicate with the outside world # 83 & 88 – outside can be elected Dean of the College of Cardinals – Cardinal Angelo Sodano (Cardinal Battista Re) – charged with preparations for a conclave PowerPoint Presentation: 209 – Cardinals 117 – Cardinal electors when sede vacante begins after February 28 116 – Cardinals by March 5 (78 votes needed) Camerlengo / Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church – Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone is to administer the goods and temporal rights of the Holy See until the election of the Holy See until the election of a new pope. He will break the pope’s ring so as not to forge the documents. PowerPoint Presentation: Cum – with Clave – a key Previous tradition of locking the cardinals in an area where they would spend a day and night until the new pope is elected. Needs 2/3 majority vote If deadlock after 13 days, prayer and reflection then choose 2 leading candidates but needs also 2/3 majority. PowerPoint Presentation: White smoke from the chimney of the Sistine chapel and the Basilica’s bell is also rang to confirm successful election Once elected, he is asked if he accepts the office. Then he will choose a name Senior member of the cardinal deacons (currently Cardinal Jean Louis Tauran 69 yrs old) announces the successful election results from the central balcony of St. Peter’s Basilica. PowerPoint Presentation: Here are a few key facts about the historic day: Bells: The bells of St Peter's Basilica rang out as Benedict left the Vatican for the last time as sovereign of the world's smallest city state and leader of the 1.2-billion strong Catholic Church. The bell of the Senatorial Palace on the Capitol—Rome city hall—rang out as he flew over the Italian capital, officially the pope's diocese. Last Tweet: The Vatican put out a final tweet on the 85-year-old pope's Twitter account, which is now suspended until a new pope is elected. Symbolism of Benedict XVI's final day PowerPoint Presentation: Benedict, who made his Twitter debut in December, told his 1.5 million-plus Internet "followers" in English: " Thank you for your love and support ." Last Remarks: Benedict came out onto the balcony of Castel Gandolfo to bid a final goodbye in what was his last public appearance as pontiff. " I will no longer be pope but a simple pilgrim who is starting out on the last part of his pilgrimage ," he said. Symbolism of Benedict XVI's final day PowerPoint Presentation: Papal Guard: The Swiss Guards shut the imposing doors of Castel Gandolfo and left their posts to mark the exact moment Benedict stepped down. The guards— a military corps which dates back to the 15th century—also changed from their colorful striped regalia into civilian clothes. Vatican Flag: The Vatican's yellow-and-white flag bearing the papal insignia was lowered over Castel Gandolfo as soon as Benedict was no longer pope. Symbolism of Benedict XVI's final day PowerPoint Presentation: Seals: Workers applied seals to the doors of the papal apartments in the Vatican in accordance with tradition, as well as to the private lift used to reach the apartments on the third floor of the Apostolic Palace. Symbolism of Benedict XVI's final day PowerPoint Presentation: Fisherman's Ring: Benedict has entrusted his Fisherman's Ring—a potent symbol of the papacy that is cast in gold for each new pope—to the “ Camerlengo " (chamberlain) cardinal who takes over Church affairs until a new pope is elected. In a tradition first established to prevent forgeries of papal documents during the interim period known as the Sede Vacante (Vacant See), the camerlengo will score the signet ring with an "X" at the cardinals' first meeting next week. Symbolism of Benedict XVI's final day PowerPoint Presentation: Benedict XVI (78-85 yrs. old) spent 2,873 days, 7 years 10 months and 10 days as pope (April 19, 2005 – February 28, 2013). Pope Pius IX – longest reigning pope (31 years, 7 months, 23 days) Pope Urban VII – shortest reigning pope (13 days) 1590 Pope Benedict XVI will now be called Emeritus Bishop of Rome PowerPoint Presentation: Ambrogio Piazzoni , vice prefect of the Vatican Library and author of a book on the history of papal elections, distributed a sheet of "some curiosities" about elections to reporters Feb. 21, the day after briefing journalists at the Vatican. PowerPoint Presentation: On the topic of the age of the pope at election, he said: -- Three popes were under the age of 25. The last was Pope Gregory V, who was 24 when elected in 996. -- Seven were between 25 and 40 years old. The last was Pope Leo X, who was 37 in 1513. -- Eleven were between 41 and 50. The last was Pope Clement VII, who was elected in 1523 at the age of 44. PowerPoint Presentation: -- 24 popes were in their 50s. The most recent was Blessed John Paul II, who was 58 years old when he began his papal ministry in 1978. -- 37 were between 61 and 70 years old. The last was Pope John Paul I, who was 65 when he began his 33-day papacy in 1978. -- Only three popes were over 80 when elected. The last, chosen by cardinals in 1406, was Pope Gregory XII. He was 81. PowerPoint Presentation: FAMOUS LASTS Piazzoni also provided a list of "lasts": -- The last pope who was not a cardinal yet when elected was Pope Urban VI in 1378. -- The last who was not even a priest yet was Pope Leo X. -- The last born in Rome was Pope Pius XII, elected in 1939. (He was also the last serving Vatican secretary of state elected.) -- The last African was Pope Gelasius , elected in 492. PowerPoint Presentation: -- The last native of Dalmatia, an ancient Roman province, was Pope John IV in 640. -- The last Frenchman elected was Pope Gregory XI, in 1370. -- The last Greek was Pope Zachary in 741. -- The last Englishman was Pope Adrian IV in 1154. -- The last Italian was Pope John Paul I. PowerPoint Presentation: -- The last Dutchman was Pope Adrian VI in 1522. -- The last Palestinian was Pope Theodore in 642. -- The last Pole was Pope John Paul II in 1978. -- The last Portuguese was Pope John XXI in 1276. -- The last Syrian was Pope Gregory III in 731. -- The last Spaniard was Pope Alexander VI in 1492. -- The last German was Pope Benedict XVI, elected in 2005. It had been 950 years since a German -- Pope Victor II -- had been elected.