Poloshirt 130713112359-phpapp01

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Information about Poloshirt 130713112359-phpapp01

Published on March 8, 2014

Author: mustafarajib1

Source: slideshare.net

3/8/2014 1

Presented by- Md. Taibur Rahman 09.02.06.072 Md. Abdur Rahman 09.01.06.072 3/8/2014 Md. Asef Iqbal 09.02.06.071 Nasir Ahmed 09.02.06.073 2

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Content of the presentation- Definition of Polo Shirt History of Polo Shirt ANATOMY OF A POLO SHIRT DESCRIPTION OF DIFFERENT PARTS OF POLO SHIRT What is Seam? Different Types of seams WHAT IS STITCH?  Different Types of stitches Analysis of seams & Stitches of a Basic Polo Shirt Layout Plan for a Polo Shirt Making Factory  Conclusion

Polo shirt A polo shirt, also known as a golf shirt and tennis shirt, is a T-shaped shirt with a collar, typically a twoor three-button placket, and an optional pocket. Polo shirts are usually made of knitted cloth (rather than woven cloth), usually piqué cotton or, less commonly, silk, merino wool, or synthetic fibers. 3/8/2014 5

The History of the Polo Shirt  In the 19th and early 20th centuries, tennis players ordinarily wore "tennis whites" consisting of long-sleeved white button-up shirts (worn with the sleeves rolled up), flannel trousers, and ties.This attire presented problems for ease of play and comfort.  Rene Lacoste, the French 7-time Grand slamtennis champion, decided that the stiff tennis attire was too cumbersome and uncomfortable.He designed a white, short-sleeved, loosely-knit pique cotton (he called the cotton weave jersey petit piqué) shirt with an unstarched, flat, protruding collar, a buttoned placket, and a longer shirt-tail in back than in front (known today as a "tennis tail"), which he first wore at the 1926 U.S. Open championship.Beginning in 1927, Lacoste placed a crocodile emblem on the left breast of his shirts, as the American press had begun to refer to him as "The Crocodile",a nickname which he embraced.  In 1933, after retiring from professional tennis, Lacoste teamed up with André Gillier, a friend who was a clothing merchandiser, to market that shirt in Europe and North America. Together, they formed the company Chemise Lacoste and began selling their shirts, which included the small embroidered crocodile logo on the left breast 3/8/2014 6

The History of the Polo Shirt(contd..) Rene Lacoste wearing the traditional long sleeve woven shirt 3/8/2014 Lacoste branded his polo shirts with a small crocodile emblem after his nickname "the crocodil “ 7

ANATOMY OF A POLO SHIRT 3/8/2014 8

ANATOMY OF A POLO SHIRT (contd) 3/8/2014 9

DESCRIPTION OF DIFFERENT PARTS OF POLO SHIRT 3/8/2014 10

DESCRIPTION OF DIFFERENT PARTS OF POLO SHIRT (Contd)  Collar: The collar is as much a defining part of the polo shirt as any other feature. The collar lies flat, but can be turned up at the back to keep the sun off the neck (this is especially important for tennis players, and the polo shirt was originally designed by a tennis player). Traditional polo shirt collars are a rib-knit; however, now some polo shirts have self-fabric colors, which are made from the same fabric/knit as the rest of the shirt.  Placket: The placket is the area of the garment where one piece fastens to another. On a polo shirt, this is below the collar, where the shirt buttons.  Buttons: Women’s style polo shirts often do not have buttons, but instead have a collar and a small v-neck. Men’s polo shirts have buttons on the right side, typically two or three .  Cuff: The end of the sleeve is known as the cuff. Some polos have rib knit cuffs, while others have self-fabric cuffs. 3/8/2014 11

DESCRIPTION OF DIFFERENT PARTS OF POLO SHIRT (Contd)  Tape: In fabric terms, “tape” is a narrow piece of fabric. The best polo shirts have a “fully taped neck.” This strip of fabric appears on the inside of the neck, helping to maintain the structure of the shirt, while making it more comfortable by covering the seam between the collar and the shirt. It also helps to absorb perspiration.  Side Seam: Side seams help to give polo shirts a more fitted shape.  Side vent: The side vents are at the bottom of the shirt. Usually they are taped along the hem, though sometimes they are double-needled stitched. On athletic shirts and performance shirts, there is usually a small piece of tape on the outside of the shirt at the top of the vent, which aids in keeping the shirt tucked in.  Extended Tail: It is noticed on many polo shirts, the back of the shirt is longer than the front of the shirt. This helps keep the shirt from coming un-tucked.  Hem: Hem is less likely to unravel, and also give the shirt a more finished look. 3/8/2014 12

WHAT IS SEAM?  In apparel manufacturing seams are former when two or more pieces of fabric are joined by stitches. Seams have three dimensions: length, width & depth.  Seam is the join between two & more plies of material. Seams are usually formed by welding, adhesives, stitching or other joining means are sometimes used.  According to British Standard “Seam is the application of a series of stitches or stitch types to one or several thickness of material for functional or decorative purposes”. 3/8/2014 13

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Different Types of seam (contd) Class -1- Super imposed seam The seam of class-1 is called superimposed seam. This is the most common & mostly used seam for joining fabrics. In this seam, two plies of fabric are placed on one another perfectly & then the fabrics are sewn. The sewn edges of the fabrics remain in the same side. 3/8/2014 15

Different Types of seam (contd) Class-2- Lapped seam The seam of class-2 is called lapped seam. At least two plies of fabric is required to produce this type of seam. The two Sewn edges remain in two opposite sides of the sewing line/seam line. 3/8/2014 16

Different Types of seam (contd) Class-3- Bound seam: The seam of class-3 is called bound seam. For producing bound seam at least two plies of fabric are required. The edge of One ply of fabric is bounded by the other. Folder is used in sewing machine for producing bound seam. 3/8/2014 17

Different Types of seam (contd) Class-4- Flat seam: The seam of class -4 is called flat seam where zigzag stitches are used by 2-need sewing machine. In this seam two plies of fabric are placed side by side & then they are sewn together by zigzag stitch. 3/8/2014 18

Different Types of seam (contd) Class-5-Decorative Seam The seam of class-5 is called decorative seam. This seam is used in order to decorative purpose. The fabric which we used that would be folded in several times and then according to the under side of the folded part of the fabric stitch can be produced. 3/8/2014 19

Different Types of seam (contd) Class-6-Edge Neatening: The seam of class-6- is called edge neatening which is used to holds the edge of the fabric such that the yarns of the fabric can not open easily. All the over Lock stitch is edge neatening class seam. 3/8/2014 20

Different Types of seam (contd) Class-7-Applied Seam This is called applied seam because these are mainly used to apply any decorative material to an edge or seam such as lace. 3/8/2014 21

Different Types of seam (contd) Class-8-Simgle ply construction This seam is formed when it is constructed from one ply of fabric by folding it differently. An example is belt loop. 3/8/2014 22

WHAT IS STITCH?  According to ASTM D 6193 “ A stitch is the configuration of the interlacing of sewing thread in a specific repeated unit”.  Simply every unit of a seam line formed by interlooping, intralooping or interlacing of one or more threads is called stitch.  A stitching consists of a series of stitches emboided in a material for ornamental purposes or finishing an edge or both. 3/8/2014 23

Different Types of stitch 1. Stitch class-100 : Chain stitch 2. Stitch class-200 : Hand stitch 3. Stitch class-300 : Lock stitch 4. Stitch class-400 : Multi thread chain stitch 5. Stitch class-500 : Over edge/Edge neatening chain stitch 6. Stitch class-600 : Covering chain stitch 3/8/2014 24

Different Types of stitch (contd) Stitch class-100: Chain stitch Chain stitches are produced by one or more needle threads and are charcterised by intralooping. One needle thread is passed through the fabric, form needle loop and is secured by the next loop formed by the same thread. Thus stitches are produced. This type of stitches is much unsecured. Face side 3/8/2014 Under side 25

Different Types of stitch (contd) Stitch class-200: Hand stitch This type is originated from hand stitches. It is produced from a single thread. This thread is passed through the fabric from one side to another and the stitch is secured by the single line of thread passing in and out of the garment Face side 3/8/2014 Under side 26

Different Types of stitch (contd) Stitch class-300: Lock stitch This type of stitches is produced with two or more groups of threads. Here the two threads are joined by interlacing. Loops of one group are passed through the material and are secured by the thread of second group. On e group is referred as needle thread and other as bobbin thread. Face side 3/8/2014 Under side 27

Different Types of stitch (contd) Stitch class-400: Multi thread chain stitch This class is formed with two or more groups of threads. Loops of one group of thread are passed through the material and are secured by interlacing and interloping with loops of another group. Here on group is called needle thread and another group looper thread. Face side 3/8/2014 Under side 28

Different Types of stitch (contd) Stitch class-500: Over edge/Edge neatening chain stitch The stitch type in this class is formed with one or more groups of threads. Here at least one group of thread passes around the edge of material. So no thread from the fabric can come out. The most frequently used stitch of this type have one or two needle threads and one or two looper threads and thus forms a narrow band of stitching along the edge of the fabric. Face & back side 3/8/2014 29

Different Types of stitch (contd) Stitch class-600: Covering chain stitch This type of stitches is generally produced with 3 groups of threads. Threads of two groups can be seen from either side. The first group of thread is called needle thread, second is called top cover thread and the third is called bottom cover thread. The stitches of this class are very complex and up to 9 threads can be used in producing these stitches Face side 3/8/2014 Back side 30

ANALYSIS OF SEAMS & STITCHES OF A BASIC POLO SHIRT 3/8/2014 31

ANALYSIS OF SEAMS & STITCHES OF A BASIC POLO SHIRT (contd) Side Seam : Joining Front & Back Part Front side of side seam Back side of side seam Seam class : Edge Neatening & supper Impose Stitch class : Overlock (514) & Lock Stitch (301) 3/8/2014 32

ANALYSIS OF SEAMS & STITCHES OF A BASIC POLO SHIRT (contd) Side Seam : Joining Front & Back Part(contd) Stitch type 301 This type of stitch is formed with two threads: one needle thread (A) and one bobbin thread (B). A loop of thread (A) is passed through the material and interlaced with thread (B). Thread (A) is then pulled back so that the interlacing is midway between surfaces of the material or materials being sewn. Ideally, this stitch should have a 1 : 1 ratio of needle to bobbin thread. 3/8/2014 33

ANALYSIS OF SEAMS & STITCHES OF A BASIC POLO SHIRT (contd) Side Seam : Joining Front & Back Part(contd) Stitch type 514 This type of stitch is formed with four threads: two needle threads (A & A1) a lower looper thread (B) and an upper looper thread (C). Loops of the needle threads (A & a1) are passed through the material and interlooped with loops of thread (B) at the point of penetration on the underside of the material. The loops of thread (B) are extended to the edge of the material and there interlooped with loops of thread (C). Loops of thread (C) are extended from this interlooping point of the needle penetration of the next stitch and there, interlooped with threads (A & A1). 3/8/2014 34

ANALYSIS OF SEAMS & STITCHES OF A BASIC POLO SHIRT (contd) Hem : Front side of Hem Back side of Hem Seam class : Edge Neatening Stitch class : Multi Thread Chain Stitch (406) 3/8/2014 35

ANALYSIS OF SEAMS & STITCHES OF A BASIC POLO SHIRT (contd) Hem : (contd) Stitch type 406 This type of stitch is formed with three threads: two needle threads (A & A1) and one looper thread (B). Loops of the needle threads (A & A1) are passed through the material and interlaced and interlooped with loop of thread (B). These interloopings are then drawn against the underside of the material being sewn. 3/8/2014 36

ANALYSIS OF SEAMS & STITCHES OF A BASIC POLO SHIRT (contd) Arm Scye : Joining Body part & Sleeve Front part of Arm Scye Back Part of Arm Scye Seam class : Edge Neatening & Lapped Seam (Lsb) Stitch class :Overlock (514) & Lock Stitch (301) 3/8/2014 37

ANALYSIS OF SEAMS & STITCHES OF A BASIC POLO SHIRT (contd) Rib Knit: Joining Rib Knit & Sleeve Front part of Rib Knit Back Part ofRib Knit Seam class : Lapped Seam (Lsb) Stitch class :Overlock (514) 3/8/2014 38

ANALYSIS OF SEAMS & STITCHES OF A BASIC POLO SHIRT (contd) Placket : Joining Button Plate & front Part Front part of Placket Back Part of Placket Seam class : Upper Part- Lapped Seam (Lsag) Lower Part- Bound Seam(BSc) Stitch class : Lock Stitch (301) 3/8/2014 39

ANALYSIS OF SEAMS & STITCHES OF A BASIC POLO SHIRT (contd) Collar : Joining With front & Back Part Front part of Collar Back Part of Collar Seam class : Lapped Seam (Lsi) Stitch class : Lock Stitch (301) 3/8/2014 40

ANALYSIS OF SEAMS & STITCHES OF A BASIC POLO SHIRT (contd) Neck Rib : Joined with Collar Neck Rib Seam class : Superimposed Seam (SSau) Stitch class : Lock Stitch (301) 3/8/2014 41

ANALYSIS OF SEAMS & STITCHES OF A BASIC POLO SHIRT (contd) Main Label & size Label: Joined With Neck Rib & Back Part Main Label & size Label Seam class : Applied seam Stitch class : Lock Stitch (301) 3/8/2014 42

ANALYSIS OF SEAMS & STITCHES OF A BASIC POLO SHIRT (contd) Care Label: Joined with Side Seam Care Label Seam class : Applied seam Stitch class : Lock Stitch (301) 3/8/2014 43

ANALYSIS OF SEAMS & STITCHES OF A BASIC POLO SHIRT (contd) Extended Vent Front part of Extended Vent Back Part of Extended Vent Seam class : Applied Seam Stitch class : Lock Stitch (301) 3/8/2014 44

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Layout Plan for a Polo Shirt Making Factory In the following table a machine requirement plan or layout has been shown for the production of 500 Polo shirts in 8 hours shift. Machine types and machine requirement in each operation has been also given in the following table. 3/8/2014 47

Layout Plan for a Polo Shirt Making Factory(Contd) 3/8/2014 48

Conclusion: In the presentation we mainly focused on various seams & stitches used in polo shirt & the features & formation of these. However Knit wear is a big potential in the Ready Made Garments export of Bangladesh. Among knitwear polo shirts plays a vital role. In the fiscal year of 2010-11 Bangladesh earned 9482.06 million US dollar from the export of knitwear, which was 46.25% more than fiscal year of 2009-10. The share of knitwear in total apparel export was 52.93% & 41.36% of total Bangladesh export in the fiscal year of 2010-11. It's a widely held belief that Bangladesh is going to be the biggest beneficiary of any move of garment sourcing out of China. But not only is the volume of Bangladeshi exports slowing, prices are also inflating - and a serious shortage of manufacturing capacity means the country is struggling to cope with extra demand. I n January 2011, for example, Bangladeshi garment imports into the US were 17% up, when measured in square meters of fabric, on January 2010. But by November 2011, they were down 14%. However Knitters have aimed to export knitwear products worth $20 billion by 2020 with shipments to new destinations, maintaining an upward trend, exporters said. Finally, We strongly believe that we have got to set a target if we want to move in the right direction. As a nation, we have set so many examples of accomplishments. Here $ 20 billion target is not that much hard if we can align all our efforts to the mission. A good balance between market expansion and product diversification will sustain and enhance Bangladesh’s position in the world market. 3/8/2014 49

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THANK YOU ALL 3/8/2014 51

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