Published on September 29, 2015
1. Pollution is when something is added to the envionment that is harmful or poisonous to living things. Smoke in the air from factories is a type of pollution as it is bad for the lungs when breathed in. Sewage in drinking water is another type of pollution, as it can make people ill because it contains germs and viruses. People living next to a building site where there is too much noise can become sick as they cannot sleep or relax.
2. Air pollution change source.Air pollution is caused by harmful gases such as carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide carbon monoxide and very small particles ofcarbon. Most of the pollution is caused by factories, vehicles and livestock. Today air pollution has become dangerous to humans. Heavy air pollution may cause breathing problems such as asthma or other health problems.Increase in human activities has also polluted air. Harmful gases may come from people smoking and cooking indoors. Outdoors, harmful gases may come from vehicles and vessels, power stations and volcanoes.
3. Almost 70% of its surface water resources A growing number of its groundwater reserves are already contaminated by biological, toxic organic and inorganic pollutants Unsafe for human consumption as well as for other activities such as irrigation and industrial needs. ♦ Kolleru wildlife sanctuary ♦ The case of khari river
4. Pollution Micro level dispute Contending Water Uses: Population Growth and Demand THE POTENTIAL CAUSES
5. Conflicts on a truly micro scale – within a village, a community or around a small tank Monitoring failure at Kanpur Shapin River Basin in Jharkhand
6. Pollution Micro level dispute Contending Water Uses: Population Growth and Demand THE POTENTIAL CAUSES Dams and Displacement
7. India is the third largest dam builder country in the world. It now has over 3600 large dams and over 700 more under construction. The displacement caused by large scale irrigation and hydro-projects Displacement and resettlement of people is the least concern of large dam builders Sardar Sarovar Dam Haripad Project In Madhya Pradesh Tehri Dam
8. Pollution Micro level dispute Contending Water Uses: Population Growth and Demand THE POTENTIAL CAUSES Dams and Displacement Transboundary dispute
9. Disputes over shared water resources have a long history Inter-state and inter-country dispute Access to water has been a source of dispute and contention Baglihar hydropower project (BHP) Sutlej Yamuna Link Canal
10. Pollution Micro level dispute Contending Water Uses: Population Growth and Demand THE POTENTIAL CAUSES Dams and Displacement Transboundary dispute Privatisation
11. LESSONS LEARNED: • Water crossing international boundaries can cause tensions between nations that share the basin. While the tension is not likely to lead to warfare, early coordination between riparian states can help ameliorate the issue. • A gradual decrease in water quantity or quality, or both, is more likely than violent conflict. Over time, such water decreases can affect the internal stability of a nation or region, and act as an irritant among ethnic groups, water sectors, or states/provinces. The resulting instability may have effects in the international arena. • The greatest threat of the global water crisis to human security comes from the fact that millions of people lack access to sufficient quantities of water of sufficient quality for their well-being.
12. “But the water problems of our world need not be only a cause of tension; they can also be a catalyst for cooperation…If we work together, a secure and sustainable water future can be ours.” Kofi Annan, February 2002 CONCLUSIONS: 1. An institutional framework for joint management and dispute resolution 2. Early intervention is also beneficial to the process of conflict resolution 3. Water disputes can be resolved through active dialog among disciplines.
13. Inviting private sector participation in dam and reservoir projects Opposition to the idea of `privatisation of water' Privatisation poses a threat to that commitment because once privatised, water will no longer be provided on the basis of need but on the ability to pay
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