Published on February 26, 2014
NATIONAL ELECTORAL COUNCIL Political participation of people with disabilities 2014 Roxana Silva Ch. National Electoral Council Member
Contents Disabilities in numbers Normative of political participation of people with disabilities Ecuadorian Constitution Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities Democracy Code Regulation for political participation of people with disabilities Assisted Vote Priority attention table Vote at Home (Spanish: Voto en Casa) Representation of the optional vote in Ecuador
Disabilities in numbers Number of people with disabilities in Ecuador, according to the 2010 census: 815.900 Percentage of people with disabilities in Ecuador: 12% of Ecuador’s population Number of people with disabilities in Ecuador who can vote: 279.624
Normative for political participation of people with disabilities 1.- Ecuadorian Constitution: Art. 48.- The State will adopt in favor of people with disabilities, measures that will ensure: 1. Social (political) inclusion, through governmental and private plans.
Art. 65.- The State will adopt affirmative actions in order to guarantee the participation of traditional excluded groups. Art. 47.- The State will guarantee preventive policies (…), as well as equal opportunities. For people with disabilities, the following rights are recognized: 11. Access to mechanisms and alternative communication forms, such as Sign Language for deaf people, audio and braille system.
2.- Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities Art. 29.- Party States will ensure that people with disabilities can participate fully and effectively in political and public life with equal conditions as others, (…) through: i) Ensuring that procedures, facilities and electoral materials are appropriate, accessible and easy to be understood and used; ii) They can present themselves as candidates for elections, making it easier to use new technologies and support technologies; iii) Whenever it is necessary and on their demand, allow that a person they chose may assist them in the voting process;
3.- Democracy Code Art. 11.- The exercise of the voting right shall be in accordance to the following dispositions: 2. Voting will be optional for people with disabilities. The National Electoral Commission will regulate and establish the needed conditions to ease the voting process of people with disabilities. Art. 111.- The National Electoral Commission will provide suitable mechanisms in order to ease people with disabilities voting process, including them in the issued electoral normative. Art. 115.- The National Electoral Commission will regulate the voting methods for cases of people with disabilities, whose disability does not allow them to vote.
4.- Regulation for political participation of people with disabilities Assisted Vote Art. 2.- The National Electoral Commission will ensure that free decision and will of people with disabilities as constituents and to this end, whenever it is necessary and on their demand, allow that a person they chose may assist them in the voting process.
Priority attention table Art. 3.- In each electoral precinct there will be at least one priority attention table for people with disabilities, pregnant women and senior citizens, located on the ground floor and properly identified, where the proper support will be provided for them to exercise their voting right. In precincts with 10 to 30 polling stations 1 table with 2 members. In precincts with 31 or more polling stations 2 tables with 2 members each one. In precincts with less than 10 polling stations, these functions will be conducted at the information table.
Vote at Home (Spanish: Voto en Casa) Art 7.- The National Electoral Commission, will implement a program that will enable the voting process of people with disabilities that cannot approach an electoral precinct, which consists in bringing the polling station to the people with disabilities homes. Selection criteria for beneficiaries of the Vote at Home Project: • People with more than 75% disability • People with hemiplegia or paraplegia • People older than 65 years old Previous selection for creating moving polling stations. The Project will be applied in 12 provinces. As well as in Azuay and Santo Domingo, where we will apply the Electronic Vote pilot project. 40 moving polling stations– more than 1000 people with disabilities served.
Representation of the optional vote in Ecuador
Social Networks: Facebook.com/RoxanaSilvaCh Twitter: @roxanasilvach Web: www.roxanasilva.com Cel: 593-9-9654 6745 Roxana Silva Ch.
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