Polio Eradication

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Information about Polio Eradication
Health & Medicine

Published on August 18, 2009

Author: scollins77

Source: slideshare.net

Description

A look at what Rotary's Polio Eradication effort has achieved since its inception in 1985.

Polio Eradication A global health success story Dr Kenneth E Collins Rotary International PolioPlus Task Force

Deaths 1946 - 55 Diphtheria 624 Pertussis 429 Tetanus 625 Polio 1013 Measles 495

Diphtheria 624

Pertussis 429

Tetanus 625

Polio 1013

Measles 495

3H Programme In 1978, RI President Clem Renouf established the Health, Hunger and Humanity (3H) Programme The RI Board agreed that the eradication of poliomyelitis throughout the world be a primary goal of the 3H programme By 1981 polio immunization grants were approved for the Philippines, Haiti and Bolivia, and proposals were considered for Morocco, Sierra Leone and Gambia.

In 1978, RI President Clem Renouf established the Health, Hunger and Humanity (3H) Programme

The RI Board agreed that the eradication of poliomyelitis throughout the world be a primary goal of the 3H programme

By 1981 polio immunization grants were approved for the Philippines, Haiti and Bolivia, and proposals were considered for Morocco, Sierra Leone and Gambia.

Polio 2005 Committee Eradication would require annual, mass immunization campaigns in all polio endemic countries. RI agreed to provide all the polio vaccine required to immunize the 100 million children born each year who were not being immunized. Partnership formed with the World Health Organization, UNICEF and the Centre for Diseases Control.

Eradication would require annual, mass immunization campaigns in all polio endemic countries.

RI agreed to provide all the polio vaccine required to immunize the 100 million children born each year who were not being immunized.

Partnership formed with the World Health Organization, UNICEF and the Centre for Diseases Control.

1985 - 1988 Goal: US$120 million Total raised: US$247 million Results: Polio eradicated in Bolivia and Brazil Number of cases had reduced to 350,000 in 125 countries.

Goal: US$120 million

Total raised: US$247 million

Results:

Polio eradicated in Bolivia and Brazil

Number of cases had reduced to 350,000 in 125 countries.

Polio Incidence - Brazil

1988 - 1993 606 million children immunized in 97 countries However, Polio still flourished in countries such as India. In 1991, National Immunisation Days (NIDs) were introduced in the Philippines and China: all children under 5 years were immunized in a 1 - 2 day period. Polio disappeared very quickly from those countries.

606 million children immunized in 97 countries

However, Polio still flourished in countries such as India.

In 1991, National Immunisation Days (NIDs) were introduced in the Philippines and China: all children under 5 years were immunized in a 1 - 2 day period. Polio disappeared very quickly from those countries.

NIDs in India First NID in 1995 Most recent NID: 709,000 vaccination booths 2,500,000 vaccinators 155,000 supervisors 225,000,000 doses of polio vaccine 6,300,000 ice packs to keep the vaccine cold 209,000,000 homes visited 172,000,000 children immunized

First NID in 1995

Most recent NID:

709,000 vaccination booths

2,500,000 vaccinators

155,000 supervisors

225,000,000 doses of polio vaccine

6,300,000 ice packs to keep the vaccine cold

209,000,000 homes visited

172,000,000 children immunized

Polio in 2001 15 countries reported polio 10 countries were still endemic 5 countries reported importations from other countries Only 483 cases worldwide. 475 of these were in endemic countries Only 8 cases were in non-endemic countries India reported 268 cases Nigeria reported 56 cases

15 countries reported polio

10 countries were still endemic

5 countries reported importations from other countries

Only 483 cases worldwide.

475 of these were in endemic countries

Only 8 cases were in non-endemic countries

India reported 268 cases

Nigeria reported 56 cases

Where are we now? 31 14 14 Afghanistan 798 552 372 Nigeria 117 27 31 Pakistan 559 355 184 India 146 60 216 Non-endemic countries 1505 948 601 Endemic countries 1651 1008 817 Globally Total in 2008 Year to date 2008 Year to date 2009 Total cases

Gates Challenge Oct 2007: Bill Gates donated US$100 million Feb 2008: Bill Gates donated a further US$255 million Bill Gates challenged Rotarians to raise US$200 million in 3 years i.e. US$2,000 per club per year worldwide US$93 million raised in the 1 st year

Oct 2007: Bill Gates donated US$100 million

Feb 2008: Bill Gates donated a further US$255 million

Bill Gates challenged Rotarians to raise US$200 million in 3 years

i.e. US$2,000 per club per year worldwide

US$93 million raised in the 1 st year

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