Poisnous Plants

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Information about Poisnous Plants

Published on October 16, 2008

Author: aSGuest1152

Source: authorstream.com

Poisonous Plants : Poisonous Plants S. David Baker, R.Ph., CSPI Central Texas Poison Control Center Scott & White Memorial Hospital Oxalate Containing Plants : Oxalate Containing Plants Rhubarb Dieffenbachia Caladium Philodendron Oxalis Calla Lily Jack-in-the-pulpit Others Rhubarb : Rhubarb Dieffenbachia : Dieffenbachia Dieffenbachia : Dieffenbachia Philodendron : Philodendron Jack-in-the-pulpit : Jack-in-the-pulpit Oxalate : Oxalate Needle like crystals Edema of mouth, tongue, and throat Ingestion of larger quantities can lead to multi-organ damage. Renal, Hepatic, Myocardial, Brain, and GI Cardiac Glycoside Plants : Cardiac Glycoside Plants Oleander Lily of the Valley Foxglove Oleander : Oleander Oleander : Oleander Lily of the Valley : Lily of the Valley Foxglove : Foxglove Cardiac Glycoside Plants : Cardiac Glycoside Plants Just like Digoxin Bradycardia with AV block Hypotension Lethargy Dizziness GI upset Solanine containing Plants : Solanine containing Plants Potato Black Nightshade Jerusalem Cherry Potato : Potato Black Nightshade : Black Nightshade Jerusalem Cherry : Jerusalem Cherry Solanine : Solanine N / V / D, headache Drowsiness Coma Onset - 2 - 24 hours Duration - up to 3 days Plants can also be anticholinergics Anticholinergic Plants : Anticholinergic Plants Belladona Datura Angel’s Trumpet Jimson weed Thorn Apple Henbane Belladonna : Belladonna Jimson Weed : Jimson Weed Jimson Weed : Jimson Weed Jimson Weed Seeds : Jimson Weed Seeds Henbane : Henbane Anticholinergics : Anticholinergics Hyperthermia, flushing Dry mucus membranes Mydriasis Tachycardia Decreased GI motility Urinary retention Delirium, hallucinations, CNS depression Cyanogenic Glycosides : Cyanogenic Glycosides Almond Peach Plum Cherry Apple Clover Others Cyanogenic : Cyanogenic Cyanogenic Glycosides : Cyanogenic Glycosides Usually only a problem if you make a meal out of them 1 - 2 seeds are not a problem Enzymatic breakdown in GI leads to toxicity Onset 30 minutes to 2 hours Respiratory distress, syncope, coma, seizures follow GI symptoms. Other Plants : Other Plants Castor Beans Rosary Beans Poinsetta Ganja Lantana Nicotiana Poison Ivy Castor Bean Plant : Castor Bean Plant Castor Beans : Castor Beans Rosary bean : Rosary bean Castor Bean ToxicityRosary Bean Toxicity : Castor Bean ToxicityRosary Bean Toxicity Beans are very hard and only toxic if chewed GI effects within 6 hours, cause gastric lesions, looks like alkaline burns 2 - 5 days after exposure - cytotoxic effects - Liver, Kidney, Brain Poinsettia : Poinsettia Poinsettia : Poinsettia Causes severe stomach irritation Lots of Nausea and Vomiting Not considered toxic Dehydration Electrolyte imbalances Ganja : Ganja Lantana : Lantana Lantana : Lantana Unripe berries are the most toxic Lantadene - atropine like substance Anticholinergic poisoning Nicotiana tabacum : Nicotiana tabacum Nicotine : Nicotine GI upset - N / V Onset in 15 - 60 minutes Duration 3 - 12 hours Increase in heart rate and blood pressure then irregular pulse and hypotension Tremors and seizures Poison Ivy : Poison Ivy Other plants : Other plants Water Hemlock Poke Weed Water Hemlock : Water Hemlock Water Hemlock : Water Hemlock Mydriasis Tachycardia Seizures - Onset 5 minutes to 2 hours Salivation, gastritis, diarrhea, emesis Rhabdomyolysis, and renal failure Metabolic acidosis Strychnine like substance Poke Weed : Poke Weed Poke weed : Poke weed Mostly GI effects Onset 30 minutes to 5 hours Duration - 1 to 48 hours Headache Weakness Seizures Coma

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