Published on March 6, 2014
Poetry JONAROSA NONG MASH-UP OF POETRY ELEMENTS 2014
What is poetry?
A form of art in which language is used for its aesthetic and evocative qualities with or without its apparent meaning.
It is derived from the Greek word poiesis, meaning "making" or "creating”
often uses particular forms and conventions to expand the literal meaning of the words, or to evoke emotional or sensual responses
Purpose of Poetry To express ideas, feelings and emotions.
What are the origins of poetry?
Many ancient works, from the Vedas to the Odyssey, appear to have been composed in poetic form to aid memorization and oral transmission, in prehistoric and ancient societies.
The oldest surviving poem is the Epic of Gilgamesh, from the 3rd millennium BC in Sumer (Mesopotamia, now Iraq), which was written in cuneiform script on clay tablets and, later, papyrus.
Other ancient epic poetry includes the Greek epics, Iliad and Odyssey, and the Indian epics, Ramayana and the Mahabharata.
What are the genres of poetry?
POETIC GENRES Narrative Poetry Satirical Poetry Epic Poetry Lyric Poetry Dramatic Poetry
Narrative Poetry Tells a story May be the oldest genre of poetry Includes epics, ballads, idylls and lays
Epic Poetry It recounts, in a continuous narrative, the life and works of a heroic or mythological person or group of persons.
Dramatic Poetry Is drama written in verse to be spoken or sung, and appears in varying and sometimes related forms in many cultures. uses the discourse of the characters involved to tell a story or portray a situation.
Satirical Poetry A punch of an insult delivered in verse often written for political purposes. A notable example is that of the Roman poet Juvenal.
Lyric Poetry Portrays the poet's own feelings, state of mind, and perceptions. Derived from the word "lyre“; implies that it is intended to be sung Includes sonnets, elegy, ballads, odes, villanelles and pastourelles
POINT OF VIEW IN POETRY POET The poet is the author of the poem. SPEAKER The speaker of the poem is the “narrator” of the poem.
Types of Poetry Ballad: A poem that tells a story; ballads are usually sung
Types of Poetry Free Verse: Poetry that doesn’t follow any specific patterns in rhythm, rhyme scheme, or line length; free verse may contain rhymes, but they are not used in a prescribed manner
Types of Poetry Haiku A three-line Japanese poetic form in the lines follow the pattern of five syllables in the first line, seven syllables in the second line, and five syllables in the third line.
Types of Poetry Limerick: a five-line poem that follows a specific rhyme scheme and rhythm. The first, second, and fifth lines contain eight syllables. Lines two and three contain six syllables. Limericks are usually funny or silly. There was an Old Man with a beard, Who said, ‘It is just as I feared! Two Owls and a Hen, Four Larks and a wren Have all built their nests in my beard
Types of Poetry Narrative Poem: A poem that tells the sequence of events of a story;
Types of Poetry Sonnet: A very structured fourteen-line poem that follows a specific rhyme structure and rhythm. The two most common sonnets are the Italian sonnet and the English sonnet. William Shakespeare wrote many English sonnets, which are also referred to as Shakespearean sonnets.
Another important thing to know STANZA consists of two or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisions of a poem.
KINDS OF STANZAS Couplet Triplet (Tercet) Quatrain Quintet Sestet (Sextet) Septet Octave = = = = = = = a two line stanza a three line stanza a four line stanza a five line stanza a six line stanza a seven line stanza an eight line stanza
What are the basic elements of poetry?
Basic Elements of Poetry RHYTHM is the actual sound that results from a line of poetry.
Basic Elements of Poetry RHYTHM the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line.
Basic Elements of Poetry METER the number of feet in a line
Basic Elements of Poetry METER Meter is the definitive pattern established for a verse (such as iambic pentameter)
Basic Elements of Poetry METER is often scanned based on the arrangement of "poetic feet" into lines.
Some examples of metric system Iambic pentameter. It contains five feet per line, in which the predominant kind of foot is the "iamb” Dactylic hexameter. It has six feet per line, of which the dominant kind of foot is the dactyl.
Basic Elements of Poetry RHYME consists of identical (hard-rhyme) or similar (soft-rhyme) sounds placed at the ends of lines or at predictable locations within lines (internal rhyme).
Rhyme When working with rhyme, you should always remember that the most important part of verse is the last word. The last word of each verse is what establishes they rhyme. Twinkle, twinkle little star! How I wonder what you are Up above the world so high. Like a diamond in the sky. A A B B Rhyme Schem e
Basic Elements of Poetry THEME what the poet wants to express through his words.
Basic Elements of Poetry THEME may either be a thought, a feeling, an observation, a story or an experience.
Basic Elements of Poetry SYMBOLISM virtual substances and themes to express the deep hidden meaning behind the words.
Basic Elements of Poetry SYMBOLISM The use of symbolism gives a more reflective empathy to the poem.
Basic Elements of Poetry A poet must stimulate the imagination. He or she has to use a language that creates mental pictures or images. IMAGERY Sensory Images: Visual- to the sense of sight. Olfactory- to the sense of smell. Gustatory- to the sense of taste Tactil- to the sense of touch Auditory- to the sense of hearing
Recognizing Figurative Language The opposite of literal language is figurative language. Figurative language is language that means more than what it says on the surface. It usually gives us a feeling about its subject. Poets use figurative language almost as frequently as literal language. When you read poetry, you must be conscious of the difference. Otherwise, a poem may make no sense at all.
Recognizing Literal Language “I’ve eaten so much I feel as if I could literally burst!” In this case, the person is not using the word literally in its true meaning. Literal means "exact" or "not exaggerated." By pretending that the statement is not exaggerated, the person stresses how much he has eaten. Literal language is language that means exactly what is said. Most of the time, we use literal language.
Simile A direct, explicit comparison of one thing to another in which the words like or as are used. Ex. She looks like an angel. Her lips are as sweet as honey.
Onomatopoeia The attempt to echo or imitate sounds with words Ex. Bow-wow, oink-oink, tick-tack, howling
Litotes Understatement - basically the opposite of hyperbole. Often it is ironic. Ex. Calling a slow moving person “Speedy”
Hyperbole An exaggeration Ex. I have been waiting for a million years
Idiom An expression where the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression. It means something other than what it actually says. Ex. It’s raining cats and dogs.
Alliteration Repetition of constant sounds usually at the beginning of words Ex. In the summer season, when soft was the song…
PERSONIFICATION The strategy of giving objects human-like qualities or an object given lifelike qualities. from “Ninki” by Shirley Jackson “Ninki was by this time irritated beyond belief by the general air of incompetence exhibited in the kitchen, and she went into the living room and got Shax, who is extraordinarily lazy and never catches his own chipmunks, but who is, at least, a cat, and preferable, Ninki saw clearly, to a man with a gun.
Metaphor An indirect comparison of one thing to another in which one thing is given characteristics of another. Ex. My love is a flower He was al lion in battle
Idioms An idiom or idiomatic expression refers to a construction or expression in one language that cannot be matched or directly translated wordfor-word in another language. Example: "She has a bee in her bonnet," meaning "she is obsessed," cannot be literally translated into another language word for word.
Credits for Slideshare presentations used to create this mash-up: lucciano7 Poetry terminology 2012 http://www.slideshare.net/lucciano7/poetry-terminology15626203 Katrina Naval Elements of poetry and scansion 2013 http://www.slideshare.net/katrinanaval3/elements-of-poetry-andscansion Melanie cruz Poetry 2013 http://www.slideshare.net/MelaniCruz1/poetry20818094?qid=3f7515c9-d996-4218-a58b1240e32712fe&v=qf1&b=&from_search=9
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