POETIC TERMS

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Published on December 2, 2008

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POETIC TERMS : POETIC TERMS English III Mr. Wallock Slide 2: A reference to a historical figure, place, or event. ALLUSION Slide 3: The teams competed in a David and Goliath struggle. ALLUSION Slide 4: A broad comparison between two basically different things that have some points in common. ANALOGY Slide 5: Aspirations toward space are not new. Consider the worm that becomes a butterfly. ANALOGY Slide 6: A direct comparison between two basically different things. A simile is introduced by the words “like” or “as”. SIMILE Slide 7: My love is like a red, red rose. SIMILE Slide 8: An implied comparison between two basically different things. Is not introduced with the words “like” or “as”. METAPHOR Slide 9: His eyes were daggers that cut right through me. METAPHOR Slide 10: A great exaggeration to emphasize strong feeling. HYPERBOLE Slide 11: I will love you until all the seas go dry. HYPERBOLE Slide 12: Human characteristics are given to non-human animals, objects, or ideas. PERSONIFICATION Slide 13: My stereo walked out of my car. PERSONIFICATION Slide 14: An absent person or inanimate object is directly spoken to as though they were present. APOSTROPHE Slide 15: Brutus: “Ceasar, now be still. I killed not thee with half so good a will.” APOSTROPHE Slide 16: A part stands for the whole or vice versa. SYNECDOCHE Slide 17: The hands that created the work of art were masterful. SYNECDOCHE Slide 18: Hints given to the reader of what is to come. FORESHADOWING Slide 19: “The stalwart hero was doomed to suffer the destined end of his days.” FORESHADOWING Slide 20: The use of concrete details that appeal to the five senses. IMAGERY Slide 21: Cold, wet leaves floating on moss-colored water. IMAGERY Slide 22: A contrast between what is said and what is meant. Also, when things turn out different than what is expected. IRONY Slide 23: “The treacherous instrument is in thy hand, unbated and envenomed. The foul practice has turned itself on me.” Laertes IRONY Slide 24: The overall atmosphere or prevailing emotional feeling of a work. MOOD Slide 25: “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times.” MOOD Slide 26: A seemingly self-contradictory statement that still is true. PARADOX Slide 27: The more we learn, the less we know. PARADOX Slide 28: A series of events that present and resolve a conflict. The story being told. PLOT Slide 29: The plot of “The Most Dangerous Game” is that Rainsford is being hunted by General Zaroff. PLOT Slide 30: The vantage point from which an author presents the action in a work. POINT OF VIEW Slide 31: 1st person-tale related by a character in the story. “I or me” 3rd person-story told by someone not participating in the plot. “he, she, they” POINT OF VIEW Slide 32: The repetition of identical sounds at the ends of lines of poetry. END RHYME Slide 33: “He clasps the crag with crooked hands Close to the sun in lonely lands” from “The Eagle” END RHYME Slide 34: The repetition of identical sounds within a line of poetry. INTERNAL RHYME Slide 35: “We three shall flee across the sea to Italy.” Or “Hold infinity in the palm of your hand And eternity in an hour.” INTERNAL RHYME Slide 36: A slant rhyme or half rhyme occurs when the vowel sounds are not quite identical. SLANT RHYME Slide 37: “And on that cheek and o’er that brow” A mind at peace with all below” SLANT RHYME Slide 38: The time (both the time of day and period in history) and place in which the action of a literary work takes place. SETTING Slide 39: “Tiger! Tiger! burning bright In the forests of the night” SETTING Slide 40: The repeating of a sound, word, phrase, or more in a given literary work. REPETITION Slide 41: “I sprang to the stirrup, and Jarvis, and he; I galloped, Derrick galloped, we galloped all three” REPETITION Slide 42: The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words. ALLITERATION Slide 43: “Swiftly, swiftly flew the ship” ALLITERATION Slide 44: The repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant. ASSONANCE Slide 45: “. . .that hoard, and sleep, and feed, and know not me.” ASSONANCE Slide 46: The repetition of consonant sounds that are preceded by different vowel sounds. CONSONANCE Slide 47: “Wherever we go Silence will fall like dews” CONSONANCE Slide 48: The use of words whose sounds suggest the sounds made by objects or activities. ONOMATOPOEIA Slide 49: “Blind eyes could blaze like meteors” ONOMATOPOEIA Other examples: buzz, hum, kiss Slide 50: Something concrete, such as an object, action, character, or scene that stands for something abstract such as a concept or an idea. SYMBOL/SYMBOLISM Slide 51: “Do not go gentle into that good night Rage, Rage against the dying of the light” SYMBOL/SYMBOLISM Both phrases are symbols that stand for death. Slide 52: The main idea or underlying meaning of a literary work. THEME Slide 53: “Don’t judge a man until you’ve walked a mile in his shoes” THEME Slide 54: Comparing two very dissimilar things. Usually involves cleverness and ingenuity. CONCEIT Slide 55: “Our love is like parallel lines” CONCEIT This is also a simile. Slide 56: A term naming an object is substituted for another word with which it is closely associated with. METONYMY Slide 57: “Only through the sweat of your brow can you achieve success” METONYMY “Sweat” stands for hard work. Slide 58: A pair of rhymed verse lines that contain a complete thought. HEROIC COUPLET Slide 59: “But if the while I think on thee, dear friend, All losses are restor’d and sorrows end.” HEROIC COUPLET

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