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Information about PNC

Published on January 9, 2008

Author: Calogera


Why Nanocomposites? :  Why Nanocomposites? Nanoparticles Microparticles Size does matter Why Nanocomposites?  Multi-functionality:  Small filler size: High surface to volume ratio Small distance between fillers  bulk interfacial material Mechanical Properties Increased ductility with no decrease of strength, Scratching resistance Optical properties Light transmission characteristics particle size dependent Why Nanocomposites?  Multi-functionality Nanocomposite as a Multiscale System :  Macroscale composite structures Clustering of nanoparticles - micron scale Interface - affected zones - several to tens of nanometers - gradient of properties Polymer chain immobilization at particle surface is controlled by electronic and atomic level structure Nanocomposite as a Multiscale System 10 -12 s 10 -9 - 1 s 1 s - 1h The Glass transition temperature of nanocomposite thin films:  The Glass transition temperature of nanocomposite thin films Background: The glass transition temperature of polymer thin films Influence of i) single walled carbon nanotubes, (ii) C60 fullerenes (“buckyballs”) and (iii) mica-type layered silicate inorganic clays on the Tg of thin polymer films in the nanometer thickness range 20-50 nm Polymer coil Rg~2-20 nm from P. F. Green et al, U Texas The Glass transition of Polymer thin film nanocomposites:  The Glass transition of Polymer thin film nanocomposites C60, and carbon nanotubes have a similar effect PS: b=9 Nanocomposite: b=4 Decrease in b reflects the increase in fraction of the slowly relaxing domains The effect of nanoparticles is to increase the effective fraction of slowly relaxing domains in the sample P. F. Green et al, U Texas

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