Published on March 6, 2014
TIPS FOR INCREASING STUDENT PARTICIPATION AND MOTIVATION Presented by Dana Bodewes and Steve Sosa
MOTIVATION AND PARTICIPATION CHALLENGES ss
What are some of the challenges you face when trying to engage students?
Motivation and Participation Challenges Potential student challenges: • Limited attention • Minimum effort • Self-defeating habits and strategies • Unwillingness to participate • Don’t speak unless called on directly • Want to be told exactly what to do • Rushing out the door • Priorities of grades vs. learning
Motivation and Participation Challenges • PLU student reality • Students are here to learn…or at least to get a degree • Paying to learn • PLU students are recognized as: • Global citizens • Hands-on, active learners • Value-based education
Motivation and Participation Challenges • Instructor challenges • Juggling act • Limited time/availability • Content preparation • Classroom delivery • Homework grading • Committee involvement • Potentially teach at multiple institutions
Motivation and Participation Challenges • Teaching realities • Departmental requirements • Content • Assessment • Instructor choices • Teaching strategies • Course design • Student motivation • Student participation
Motivation and Participation Challenges Instructor considerations 1. How does motivation and participation come into play? 2. Do these elements happen naturally in my courses? 3. Are these elements my or their responsibility? 4. Are these elements expected or are they designed?
Motivation and Participation Challenges • Opportunity • Include motivation and participation in course design • Result • Active engagement/learning experience • PLU Experience • Global citizens • Hands-on, active learners • Value-based education
DEFINITION & RESEARCH DB
Definition & Research Motivation Engagement Engagement requires both motivation and participation Participation
Definition & Research Motivational Theories Behaviorist 1960’s Cognitive Goal Intrinsic Expectancyx-Value Today
Definition & Research Expectancy x Value Model: • students are engaged in learning when they think the objective is important (value) and they believe they can accomplish it (expectancy) Expectancy Value Engagement
Definition & Research Expectancy x Value Model of Motivation • Self-efficacy • Self-worth • Intrinsic • Goals • Feedback • Balance
Definition & Research Video: “What Motivates Students to Learn?” - BYU http://youtu.be/CoPjDYMPgPw
Which elements of motivation will be easier or harder to support in the classroom?
LEARNER MOTIVATION SS
Learner Motivation • Impossible to learn someone • You can teach someone • Learning is: • Internal • Personal • Individual act • Each learner provides: • Energy • Fuel
Learner Motivation If fuel/energy is the basis for learning, how does my (instructor) content fit into the equation? • Performance automobile comparison • 0 to 60 in 5 seconds • Instructors who focus entirely on… • Tires, motor, interior, trunk, aerodynamics • Energy/fuel • No gas, no go
Learner Motivation Learner Motivation Learner Activity Learner Knowledge
Learner Motivation If motivation is key to learning, then how do we get student’s attention in the first place? • The Happiness Hypothesis (Jonathan Haidt) • The rider • The elephant
Learner Motivation Must get to the village before sunset to join in festivities. The Rider: (conscious mind, controlled thought) Peanuts. Yum. Yum. Peanuts. The Elephant: (sub-conscious mind, everything else)
Learner Motivation Get their attention: Tell elephants a story Right-of-way and yielding laws help traffic flow smoothly and safely. They are based on courtesy and common sense. Violation of these laws is a leading cause of traffic crashes. I was sixteen and riding with a friend who had just gotten their license. While entering the street we didn’t look both ways and were sideswiped by an oncoming vehicle. My friend had to be hospitalized for almost a month.
Learner Motivation Get their attention: Surprise elephants Upon seeing pink dog • What am I seeing? • Dogs are not pink. • Can dogs be pink? • Why would a dog be pink? Cognitive dissonance • Challenge a belief • Need to reconcile two opposing viewpoints • Need to expand your mental model • Referred to as a “teachable moment”
Learner Motivation Get their attention: Show elephants shiny things “Right-of-way and yielding laws help traffic flow smoothly and safely. They are based on courtesy and common sense. Violation of these laws is a leading cause of traffic crashes.” • Supporting content provides: • Scenario context • Emotional context • Contextual triggers • Such content might include: • Images • Audio • Video
Learner Motivation Get their attention: Create a group/herd • Groups/herd require and build: • Negotiation skills • Support systems • Social interactions • Groups/herd last a lifetime
Learner Motivation As soon as we get the elephant’s attention, we’re that much closer to motivating the rider to take action. Getting Their Attention Learner Motivation Learner Activity Learner Knowledge
Learner Motivation Tip to enhance motivation: Build on anticipated outcomes Photoshop Objective A After you have completed this chapter, given a list of possible tools, you will be able to identify and demonstrate the essential tools necessary for photo editing. Needs Safety Power Competency Self-esteem Photoshop Objective B In a very short time, say about two hours, you will learn basic image editing tools and be able to remove your ex from old photographs. Ready? Respect Money Control Comfort
Learner Motivation Tip: Provide real-world context • Moves isolated knowledge into job and life performance • Connects learning to current/industry news • Makes conversations relevant
Based on what you know about PLU students, what motivational strategies do you think are important for increasing student engagement?
ACTIVE LEARNING & PARTICIPATION DB
“Tell me and I forget, teach me and I may remember, involve me and I learn.” -Benjamin Franklin
Active Learning & Participation Tip: Clarify instructor & student roles • Provide structure, relinquish control • Orient student to active learning • Move away from authoritarian instructor role to one of • Coach • Facilitator • Manager • Co-learner
Active Learning & Participation Tip: Activate prior learning & promote transfer • Use pre-assessments • Connect to previous learning to new • Stay within “zone of proximal development” • Note similarities and differences • Provide associations
Active Learning & Participation Tip: Limit & chunk information • < 10 minute segments • < 7 ideas at once • Chunk similar ideas • Alternative models • Just-in-Time Teaching • Flipped classroom • Blended learning
Active Learning & Participation Tip: Use games & incorporate competition • Active and motivating • Uses principles of • Competition • Intermittent rewards • Interactivity • Team spirit
Active Learning & Participation Tips: Differentiate course elements • Provide options: • Content • Access • Process • Products • Materials • Time, space TEXTBOOK ARTICLE VIDEO SIMULATION APP
Active Learning & Participation Tip: Use rubrics & help students learn to self-assess • Clarifies performance standards • Faster grading of complex work • Consistent, equitable evaluation • Student self-assessment
Active Learning & Participation Tip: Incorporate physical movement • Increases oxygen and glucose to brain • Engages additional brain centers • Elevates mood and shifts attention • Provides sensory input
What is a student activity in one of your courses that students find particularly engaging. Why do you think they like it?
NEXT STEPS SS
Next Steps Resources • Reference material • Workshops Support • Faculty support community • Instructional Technologies support
THANK YOU See you at the next workshop!
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