PLAY

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Information about PLAY
Health & Medicine

Published on January 27, 2009

Author: jeena.aejy

Source: slideshare.net

Ms. JEENA AEJY MS (N) PLAY

Just as the adult works ,so does the child play; it is the business of the child . Through the play the child grows, develops learns, learns and ultimately matures. JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Just as the adult works ,so does the child play; it is the business of the child .

Through the play the child grows, develops learns, learns and ultimately matures.

VALUES OF PLAY PHYSICAL VALUE INTELLECTUAL VALUE MORAL VALUE CREATIVE VALUE THERAPEUTIC VALUE SOCIALIZATION JEENA AEJY MS(N)

PHYSICAL VALUE

INTELLECTUAL VALUE

MORAL VALUE

CREATIVE VALUE

THERAPEUTIC VALUE

SOCIALIZATION

PHYSICAL VALUE Muscular & sensory abilities are developed . Infants & young children develop their sensory abilities through the tactile, visual and auditory sensations derived from playing with rattles balls & other toys. JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Toddlers & preschool children enjoy large muscle activity such as running, climbing & exploring the environment . School age children organize their movements into more complex forms like bicycle riding, racing. JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Toddlers & preschool children enjoy large muscle activity such as running, climbing & exploring the environment .

School age children organize their movements into more complex forms like bicycle riding, racing.

INTELLECTUAL VALUE JEENA AEJY MS(N) Children learn the differences in sizes, shape, colors, textures, numbers, & names of the objects. They learn to understand special relationships, to do abstract thinking ,& to engage in problem solving activities. Distinguished what is real & what is unreal/ fantasy.

MORAL VALUE Cultural values like honesty , integrity, sportsmanship, & compassion are learned. They assumes responsibility for their own actions. should adhere to the group values & can be expelled if they don’t. JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Cultural values like honesty , integrity, sportsmanship, & compassion are learned.

They assumes responsibility for their own actions.

should adhere to the group values & can be expelled if they don’t.

CREATIVE VALUE Playing with materials like clay , paper & finger paints. Children are most creative when they are playing alone. They carry their new discoveries to the outside world of play. JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Playing with materials like clay , paper & finger paints.

Children are most creative when they are playing alone.

They carry their new discoveries to the outside world of play.

THERAPEUTIC VALUE Play provides the release of stress and tension. Children express their emotions and test out frightening situations in a way that peers and adults can accept. They reveal themselves through play. JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Play provides the release of stress and tension.

Children express their emotions and test out frightening situations in a way that peers and adults can accept.

They reveal themselves through play.

Nurses can carefully observe the play of children & determine needs , concerns & feelings that cannot be put in to words. Children should be protected if they become aggressive & should be guided into less aggressive type of play. JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Nurses can carefully observe the play of children & determine needs , concerns & feelings that cannot be put in to words.

Children should be protected if they become aggressive & should be guided into less aggressive type of play.

SOCIALIZATION Social & emotional development is enhanced through play. When they play with adults , parents and peers they develop social relationship. JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Social & emotional development is enhanced through play.

When they play with adults , parents and peers they develop social relationship.

CLASSIFICATION OF PLAY PATTERNS OF CHILDREN’S PLAY CAN BE CATEGORIZED ACCORDING TO CONTENT & SOCIAL CHARECTER JEENA AEJY MS(N)

PATTERNS OF CHILDREN’S PLAY CAN BE CATEGORIZED ACCORDING TO

CONTENT

&

SOCIAL CHARECTER

SOCIAL CHARACTER OF PLAY 1. unoccupied behavior 2. solitary independent play 3.onlooking 4. parallel play 5. associative play 6. Co-operative play (According to Parten & Newhall ) JEENA AEJY MS(N)

1. unoccupied behavior

2. solitary independent play

3.onlooking

4. parallel play

5. associative play

6. Co-operative play

(According to Parten & Newhall )

1. unoccupied behavior No play activity in the usual sense of the world. Lowest extend of social involvement. Child moves around randomly, crawl under a table climb on & off a chair , follow another person, or just stand alone fidgeting. JEENA AEJY MS(N)

No play activity in the usual sense of the world.

Lowest extend of social involvement.

Child moves around randomly, crawl under a table climb on & off a chair , follow another person, or just stand alone fidgeting.

2. solitary independent play Child plays alone & independent. Child doesn't acknowledge what others may be doing in the area. Is concentrating on play only. Pre – toddlers & toddlers engage in this form of play. JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Child plays alone & independent.

Child doesn't acknowledge what others may be doing in the area.

Is concentrating on play only.

Pre – toddlers & toddlers engage in this form of play.

3.Onlooker behavior The child watches others & doesn't become engaged in their play. He/ she sits or stands near other children to hear or see what is going on. May communicate with them But younger children exhibit more solitary & parallel play. JEENA AEJY MS(N)

The child watches others & doesn't become engaged in their play.

He/ she sits or stands near other children to hear or see what is going on.

May communicate with them

But younger children exhibit more solitary & parallel play.

4. parallel play A type of independent activity in which the child plays with toys of either similar or identical to those used by other children nearby. The child plays alongside others but not with them. They may join or leave such group at will. Children of 2-3 yrs play in this manner. Can be seen in early pre school yrs too. JEENA AEJY MS(N)

A type of independent activity in which the child plays with toys of either similar or identical to those used by other children nearby.

The child plays alongside others but not with them.

They may join or leave such group at will.

Children of 2-3 yrs play in this manner. Can be seen in early pre school yrs too.

JEENA AEJY MS(N)

JEENA AEJY MS(N)

5. Associative play Common among children from 3-4 yrs of age. Social interaction occurs between or among children ( all of them emerging in similar identical activity). JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Common among children from 3-4 yrs of age.

Social interaction occurs between or among children ( all of them emerging in similar identical activity).

Characteristics are : Leading & following one another Lending & borrowing play things Controlling( who will be & who will not be allowed to participate in the play. No attempts to organize the activity or to decide the play tasks. So all engage in basically same thing Interest lies in the associatio0n with others , not in the play itself. JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Characteristics are :

Leading & following one another

Lending & borrowing play things

Controlling( who will be & who will not be allowed to participate in the play.

No attempts to organize the activity or to decide the play tasks.

So all engage in basically same thing

Interest lies in the associatio0n with others , not in the play itself.

JEENA AEJY MS(N)

6. Co-operative play Found in children after preschool yrs. This is organized and children play in a group with other children. They discuss & plan activities for a purpose of accomplishing an end – to make something, to attain connective goal, to dramatize situations of adult or group life, or to play formal games. The group is loosely formed , but there are marked sense of belonging or not belonging. The leader & follower relationship is established. JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Found in children after preschool yrs.

This is organized and children play in a group with other children.

They discuss & plan activities for a purpose of accomplishing an end – to make something, to attain connective goal, to dramatize situations of adult or group life, or to play formal games.

The group is loosely formed , but there are marked sense of belonging or not belonging.

The leader & follower relationship is established.

JEENA AEJY MS(N)

CONTENT OF PLAY This involves physical aspects of the play along with the social relationships. It follows a directional trend of simple to complex JEENA AEJY MS(N)

This involves physical aspects of the play along with the social relationships.

It follows a directional trend of simple to complex

THE CONTENTS OF THE PLAY ARE Social affective play Sense pleasure play Skill play Un occupied behavior Dramatic or pretend play games JEENA AEJY MS(N)

THE CONTENTS OF THE PLAY ARE

Social affective play

Sense pleasure play

Skill play

Un occupied behavior

Dramatic or pretend play

games

Social affective play Play begins with social affective play, where in infants take pleasure in relationships with people. As the adults talk, touch, nuzzle etc.. to get response from the infant the child soon learns to provoke personal emotions / responses with such behaviors smiling , cooing, or initiating games & activities. JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Play begins with social affective play, where in infants take pleasure in relationships with people.

As the adults talk, touch, nuzzle etc.. to get response from the infant the child soon learns to provoke personal emotions / responses with such behaviors smiling , cooing, or initiating games & activities.

Sense pleasure play A non social stimulating experience. Objects in the environment like light & color, taste & odors , textures and consistencies  attract children’s attention stimulates their senses & give pleasure JEENA AEJY MS(N)

A non social stimulating experience.

Objects in the environment like light & color, taste & odors , textures and consistencies  attract children’s attention stimulates their senses & give pleasure

Pleasurable experiences are derived from handling raw materials ( water , sand & food…), from body motions (swinging, bouncing , rocking… ) & from other uses of senses and abilities (smelling , humming..) JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Pleasurable experiences are derived from handling raw materials ( water , sand & food…),

from body motions (swinging, bouncing , rocking… )

& from other uses of senses and abilities (smelling , humming..)

Skill play After infants develops the ability to grasp and manipulates, they demonstrate & exercise their newly acquired abilities through skill play. Determination to practice a skill may be evident Pain and frustration may be felt. ( e.g. bicycle riding) JEENA AEJY MS(N)

After infants develops the ability to grasp and manipulates, they demonstrate & exercise their newly acquired abilities through skill play.

Determination to practice a skill may be evident

Pain and frustration may be felt. ( e.g. bicycle riding)

Un occupied behavior Here children are not playful but focuses their attention on anything that strikes their interest. Children may daydream, fiddle with cloths / other objects or walks aimlessly. This is different from onlooker play (who actively observes others activity.) JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Here children are not playful but focuses their attention on anything that strikes their interest.

Children may daydream, fiddle with cloths / other objects or walks aimlessly.

This is different from onlooker play (who actively observes others activity.)

Dramatic or pretend play Also known as symbolic / pretend play Begins in late infancy (11- 13 months) to preschool age. By acting out events of daily life children learn and practice the role and identities , modeled by members of their family & society. JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Also known as symbolic / pretend play

Begins in late infancy (11- 13 months) to preschool age.

By acting out events of daily life children learn and practice the role and identities , modeled by members of their family & society.

Dramatic play JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Games JEENA AEJY MS(N)

JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Toy safety & selection of play materials JEENA AEJY MS(N)

JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Therapeutic play JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Play can help children “talk” about feelings that they do not know how to verbalize JEENA AEJY MS(N)

Play can help children “talk” about feelings that they do not know how to verbalize

THANK YOU JEENA AEJY MS(N)

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