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Plant and Animal Interactions Lesson PowerPoint, Symbiosis, Pollination, Ecology

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Information about Plant and Animal Interactions Lesson PowerPoint, Symbiosis, Pollination,...
Education

Published on August 5, 2013

Author: sciencepowerpointcom

Source: slideshare.net

Description

This PowerPoint was one very small part of my Ecology Interactions Unit from the website http://sciencepowerpoint.com/index.html .This unit includes a 3 part 2000+ Slide PowerPoint loaded with activities, project ideas, critical class notes (red slides), review opportunities, challenge questions with answers, 3 PowerPoint review games (125 slides each) and much more. A bundled homework package and detailed unit notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow.
Areas of Focus within The Ecology Interactions Unit: Levels of Biological Organization (Ecology), Parts of the Biosphere, Habitat, Ecological Niche, Types of Competition, Competitive Exclusion Theory, Animal Interactions, Food Webs, Predator Prey Relationships, Camouflage, Population Sampling, Abundance, Relative Abundance, Diversity, Mimicry, Batesian Mimicry, Mullerian Mimicry, Symbiosis, Parasitism, Mutualism, Commensalism, Plant and Animal Interactions, Coevolution, Animal Strategies to Eat Plants, Plant Defense Mechanisms, Exotic Species, Impacts of Invasive Exotic Species.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thank you again and best wishes.

Sincerely,
Ryan Murphy M.Ed
www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com
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• Mechanical Defenses: Thorns and serrated edges, and sap. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Serrated: Notch-like edges of a saw or cutting blade.

 New Area of Focus: Plant and Animal Interactions. Still part of symbiosis. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 New Area of Focus: Plant and Animal Interactions. Still part of symbiosis. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Plants and animals are always coevolving. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Plants and animals are always coevolving. Plants are creating defenses so they don’t get eaten, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Plants and animals are always coevolving. Plants are creating defenses so they don’t get eaten, and animals are evolving ways to get around these defenses and eat the plant. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Plants and animals are always coevolving. Plants are creating defenses so they don’t get eaten, and animals are evolving ways to get around these defenses and eat the plant. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Evolution: The gradual change in a species over time.

 Coevolution: When two or more species influence each others evolution. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Coevolution: When two or more species influence each others evolution. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Animals Strategies to eat plants  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Animals Strategies to eat plants  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Animals have special teeth and mouth parts to eat plants. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Animals have special teeth and mouth parts to eat plants. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Insects don’t have teeth.” “We have structures called mandibles.”

• Piercing Mouth parts.

• Ladybugs eat aphids.

• Ladybugs eat aphids. –Don’t let their pretty appearance fool you, they are veracious predators.

Check out that warning coloration.

Or is it just a mimic?

• Crushing mouth parts

• Really sharp incisors for snipping plants and cutting through trees.

• Have long tongues to avoid dangerous plant ant mutualisms.

• Knock trees over / break branches to reach leaves and fruits.

• Burrow underground to eat tubers and the roots of the plants. (Naked Mole Rat) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Many animals (living and extinct) swallow stones. The round stones smash plant matter together in the stomach as it rumbles to aid in digestion. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Some animals eat species when they are young before the become difficult.

 They use microbe farms (leaf cutter ants). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Learn more / neat website and tour at… http://www.globio.org/glossopedia/article.aspx?art_id=5

• Video Link! Leaf Cutter Ants • Multiple Symbiosis (Ants, Fungus, Bacteria) • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RH3KYB MpxOU

 Four chambered stomachs (many herbivores) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Four chambered stomachs (many herbivores)  Uses bacteria to break down difficult plant matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Cow Stomach

• Cow Stomach

• Cow Stomach

• Cow Stomach

• Cow Stomach

“I only kind of eat grass.”

“I only kind of eat grass.” “I mostly digest the bacteria that eat the grass that I ate.”

• Herbivores have gut bacteria that help them digest plant matter. The bacteria are fed plants, they grow, and then the cow eats the bacteria. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Herbivores have gut bacteria that help them digest plant matter. The bacteria are fed plants, they grow, and then the cow eats the bacteria. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Herbivores have gut bacteria that help them digest plant matter. The bacteria are fed plants, they grow, and then the cow eats the bacteria. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Herbivores have gut bacteria that help them digest plant matter. The bacteria are fed plants, they grow, and then the cow processes the bacteria. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Herbivores have gut bacteria that help them digest plant matter. The bacteria are fed plants, they grow, and then the cow processes the bacteria. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Human Stomach Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Take in plant toxins: You are able to eat poisonous plants. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Take in plant toxins: You are able to eat poisonous plants. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Take in plant toxins: You are able to eat poisonous plants. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Take in plant toxins: You are able to eat poisonous plants. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Take in plant toxins: You are able to eat poisonous plants. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Take in plant toxins: You are able to eat poisonous plants. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Take in plant toxins: You are able to eat poisonous plants. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Take in plant toxins: You are able to eat poisonous plants. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Take in plant toxins: You are able to eat poisonous plants. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Take in plant toxins: You are able to eat poisonous plants. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Take in plant toxins: You are able to eat poisonous plants. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Take in plant toxins: You are able to eat poisonous plants. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Take in plant toxins: You are able to eat poisonous plants. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Uhh Nastieoos”

• Bugged Out Available Sheet

• Activity! “Bugged Out” Activity – Please create an animal with many strategies to feed on plants and survive. • Insects: Give them specialized mandilbles (teeth-like) or piercing mouth parts, ability to sequester (absorb) toxins, microbe farms. • Mammals: Four chambered stomach with gut bacteria, and grinding teeth. • Birds: Crushing Mouth Parts, gizzard stones • Camouflage or give it a form of mimicry – Batesian Mimicry (Looks like an object or other organism) – Mullerian Mimicry (Warning Coloration) • A symbiosis with another organisms – Ex. Cleaning symbiosis – Ex. Protective / defensive symbiosis – Give it a cool common and science name; • Ex) The Super Ant (Anticus killericus) – The animal should be well drawn and all of the strategies should be labeled neatly with a brief description. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Sharp mandibles for cutting plants Ability to sequester / take in toxins Mullerian Mimicry colors say watch out I’m poisonous to predators Can also cut leaves to feed to its microbe farm Symbiotic relationship with the cleaning flea. Flea gets protection and ant gets cleaned. Parasitic worm that attacks toxic ant

 Plant defense mechanisms  -  -  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• If you don’t have good defenses, animals will exploit you. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Grow in a place difficult to be eaten. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Repair quickly and let them eat the non- essential parts of you. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

 Mechanical Defenses: Thorns and serrated edges, and sap. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Mechanical Defenses: Thorns and serrated edges, and sap. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Mechanical Defenses: Thorns and serrated edges, and sap. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Mechanical Defenses: Thorns and serrated edges, and sap. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Serrated: Notch-like edges of a saw or cutting blade.

• Mechanical Defenses: Thorns and serrated edges, and sap. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Serrated: Notch-like edges of a saw or cutting blade.

• This grass is very sharp and can cut skin easily. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Thorn Mimic

Can you spot the thorn mimic?

Can you spot the thorn mimic?

Can you spot the thorn mimic?

Can you spot the thorn mimic?

Can you spot the thorn mimic?

Can you spot the thorn mimic?

Can you spot the thorn mimic?

Can you spot the thorn mimic?

Can you spot the thorn mimic?

• Stinging nettles.

• Close up of stinging nettles.

• Sticky Sap

• Fossilized plant resin with prehistoric insects in it.

Learn a lot more by reading this article and visiting links at… http://www.sciencedaily.com/articles/p/plant_defense_against_her bivory.htm

 Chemical Defenses such as toxins: Plants become poisonous (nicotine, mustard, caffeine). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• What is this common plant?

• Chemical toxin is urushiol.

Learn more about treatment, identification, etc. at.. http://poisonivy.aesir.com/view

• Creams help ease the itching and provide some relief.

• Burning or eating Poison Ivy can be hazardous because the chemicals can be inhaled.

• Burning or eating Poison Ivy can be hazardous because the chemicals can be inhaled.

• Poison Ivy in the spring.

• Poison Ivy in the spring. "Leaves of three? Let them be!" or "One, two, three? Don't touch me."

• Summer

• Summer

• Poison Ivy’s Flowers are white.

• Fall

• Winter (Don’t touch vines)

• Poison Ivy grows as a vine (Climb).

• Poison Oak

• Poison Sumac

I thought I was immune to Poison Ivy

• Quiz Wiz –Poison Ivy Identification. 1-10, Write Poison Ivy for the slides that are, and Not Ivy for the others. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Bonus – Name the movie?

• Answers 1-10 Poison Ivy Quiz Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

"Leaves of three? Let them be!" or "One, two, three? Don't touch me."

"Leaves of three? Let them be!" or "One, two, three? Don't touch me."

• Bonus – Name the movie?

• Bonus Answer: Batman and Robin, character name is called Poison Ivy played by Uma Thurman. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• The Foxglove can cause death if eaten.

• Yum, these look tasty? Should I eat them?

• Answer! No, they are poisonous.

• Which one is edible? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Which one is edible? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Which one is edible? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Which one is edible? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Which one is edible? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Which is edible?

• Which is edible?

• Which is edible?

• Which is edible?

• Are these edible?

• Are these edible?

• Are these edible?

• Are these edible?

• Are these edible?

• Which one is edible?

• Which one is edible?

• Which one is edible?

• Which one is edible?

• Which one is edible?

• Which one is edible?

 Be extremely hard to digest.  Cellulose is a complex sugar.

• Think about celery, then be ten times harder to chew.

 You have protective insects, birds, or mammals that attack predators.  You feed your friends a bit (mutualism). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Activity! Plant Defenses Activity –Please create a unique plant with many defenses. –Give it a cool name. • Science and Common. –The plant should be well drawn and all of the strategies should be labeled neatly with a brief description. • Feel free to give it a dispersive mutualism or parasite. –Example on next slide. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Plant ant mutual symbiosis. Plant gives drops of sugar, ants protect leaves. Leaves are very difficult to digest and loaded with chemical toxins. Mechanical Defenses such as thorns. Sticky sap makes eating difficult for insects Dispersive mutualism Parasite aphid

• Presentation of Animals and Plants –I will call a plant and animal up to the front of the room. –Give a quick summary of your plant or animal with its name and strategies. (30 seconds max!) –I will flip a coin, heads = Animal wins, Tails =Plant wins. I collect losing poster. –Winner stays for next round until end, don’t need to repeat presentation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Coin Toss Simulator • http://www.virtualcointoss.com/ or… • http://www.random.org/coins/ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Stand here Stand here

• You can now complete these questions on your bundled homework.

• Try to figure out the picture beneath the boxes first. – Raise your hand when you know, you only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• Try to figure out the picture beneath the boxes first. – Raise your hand when you know, you only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p= 1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j ournal=tst Please visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet

• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p=1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo urnal=tst

• This PowerPoint is one small part of my Ecology Interactions Unit. This unit includes • 3 Part 2000+ Slide PowerPoint • 12 page bundled homework packaged that chronologically follows PowerPoint, + modified version and answer keys. • 7 pages of unit notes with visuals • 3 PowerPoint review games with answer keys. • Rubrics, games, flash cards and much more. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactio ns_Unit.html

Areas of Focus within The Ecology Interactions Unit: Levels of Biological Organization (Ecology), Parts of the Biosphere, Habitat, Ecological Niche, Types of Competition, Competitive Exclusion Theory, Animal Interactions, Food Webs, Predator Prey Relationships, Camouflage, Population Sampling, Abundance, Relative Abundance, Diversity, Mimicry, Batesian Mimicry, Mullerian Mimicry, Symbiosis, Parasitism, Mutualism, Commensalism, Plant and Animal Interactions, Coevolution, Animal Strategies to Eat Plants, Plant Defense Mechanisms, Exotic Species, Impacts of Invasive Exotic Species. An entire mini unit of ecological succession is also included with homework, notes, field study project and PowerPoint review game Full Unit can be found at… http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html

• Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade

Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html

• Thank you for your time and interest in this curriculum tour. Please visit the welcome / guide on how a unit works and link to the many unit previews to see the PowerPoint slideshows, bundled homework, review games, unit notes, and much more. Thank you for your interest and please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Best wishes. • Sincerely, • Ryan Murphy M.Ed • ryemurf@gmail.com

• The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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