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Published on December 26, 2008

Author: dronzina.ma

Source: authorstream.com

FEMALE SUICIDE TERRORISM LEGITIMATED BY CECUALR IDEOLOGIES: THE CASE OF PKK (Turkey):  FEMALE SUICIDE TERRORISM LEGITIMATED BY CECUALR IDEOLOGIES: THE CASE OF PKK (Turkey) TATYANA DRONZINA POLITICAL SCIENCE DEPARTMENT ST. KLIMENT OHRIDSKI UNIVERSITY OF SOFIA Short overview of the lecture :  Short overview of the lecture History of the conflict: Kurdish question in Turkey Radical Turkish nationalism Why does PKK recruit women Why do women joint PKK Recommended texts for the PKK case in internet:  Recommended texts for the PKK case in internet Dogu Ergil, “Suicide Terrorism in Turkey: the Workers’ Party of Kurdistan” www.ict.org.il/apage/10728.php Suicide Attacks: A Case Study in Turkey. http://www.tipsconnections.org/index2.php?option=com_content&do_pdf=1&id=1072 Kurdish question in Turkey – different perceptions:  Kurdish question in Turkey – different perceptions One of the most difficult in the 90 year history of Turkish republic Presented in different way by Kurdish and Turkish political elite Kurds: national liberation struggle Turks: troubles and terrorism in the South -East part of the country Damage of Turkish democratic institutions and violation of human rights Kurds, the hugest stateless ethnic group in the world :  Kurds, the hugest stateless ethnic group in the world Modern Kurds – successors of the people Karduchi Other version – successors of several Indo-European tribes moving to Zagros (situated between Iran, Iraq, Turkey and Siria) mountain 4000 B.C word Kurd – met firstly in 7th C. The name Kurdistan – met first in 12 C. Kurdish language – Indo-European one, two main dialects – Kurmandji and Sorani Traditional religion – Zoroastrism Converted to Islam – 12-16 C.; 85% - Sunies Till 17 C – hesitating between Iranian and Turkish Empire 17 C – divided between two empires Origins of Kurdish question – international dimension :  Origins of Kurdish question – international dimension Kurdish question becomes relevant after the I world war Desintegration of Turkish empire and appearance of new states Peace treaty of Sever (1920) – creation of a new State Kurdistan, one year after signing on Kurdistan never created because of opposition of the government of Kemal Ataturk Origin of Turkish question – internal dimension :  Origin of Turkish question – internal dimension At the beginning of the creaation of the republic – Kurdish etnia recognized Accepted that Kurdish are not a minority but a nation Atarurk resorts several times to their help in consolidating the new State Peace treaty of Lozana (1923) – cancels Sever treaty. Kurds – divided among 4 countries Kurdish question – Kemalist period :  Kurdish question – Kemalist period Kemalist nationalism Kurdish distinctive ethnicity Kurdish resistance Kurdish question – 50s - till 90s :  Kurdish question – 50s - till 90s 20-50 – oppression 60-70 – relative liberty Coup d’Etat (1980) and establishment of one party government of Torgut Yozal – new unfavorable period 1982 Constitution – wide prerogatives for the army to control Kurd region Several military operations Radical Kurdish nationalism – PKK creation :  Radical Kurdish nationalism – PKK creation Settlement of the party – 1977, on the basis of Abdullah Ocalan (1973) Relatively wide democratic opportunities in Turkey Marxist ideology Secular character Why does PKK recruit women? :  Why does PKK recruit women? Religion is not a strong insentive Specific propaganda and way of indoctrination In 90s - great work for engage women in armed struggle PKK resorts to suicide terrorism in two cases Weakening Political mobilization for achieving the goals of its leader Why women joint armed struggle?:  Why women joint armed struggle? Nationalistic motive Revenge This is the only way to get access to the public sphere This is the only way to get leadership positions Social dimension – women emancipation Loyalty to the leared

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