Published on December 20, 2016
1. Importance/Priorities of Pillar 3 for the Asian Region Pillar 3 aims to stimulate the implementation of targeted soil research as a response to emerging demands for implementing sustainable soil management practices and for increasing soil productivity. This should lead to a strategic combination of basic and applied research to generate knowledge for the development of new or improved technologies, for supporting development agendas, economic growth, environmental sustainability and social development. As identified in the SWSR Report, rapid socioeconomic change and resulting changes in land use and its management, as well as climate change, have had great impacts on the soil resources in Asian countries. Since the GLASOD and ASSOD projects of the 1980s and 1990s, no extended assessment of the status of soil resources has been carried out in the region.
2. STATUS OF WORLD’s SOIL RESOURCES REPORT Threats ranking in Asia 1. Soil erosion 2. Organic carbon change 3. Salinization 4. Nutrient imbalance 5. Soil pollution 6. Soil sealing 7. Acidification 8. Compaction 9. Water logging 10.Loss of soil biodiversity
3. Main Activities for Pillar 3 in the Implementation plan 1. Identify knowledge gaps for identifying/developing indicators for assessing the economic cost of soil degradation and the value of its rehabilitation (stocks taking and gaps analysis). 2. Facilitate the coordination of regional soil research and policy support to launch target R&D programs aimed at answering the identified knowledge gaps for indicators development. 3. Identify regional and local emerging priorities of R&D activities by compiling databases for R&D initiatives and outputs. 4. Foster synergy and engagement between research and end- user communities, and donor agencies, to facilitate active collaboration in a joint-learning approach.
4. Main Challenges for Pillar 3 Activities Main Challenges 1. Stocktaking and gap analysis of evidences for soil research in each country 2. Networking institutes and experts in the region to launch target R&D. 3. Developing databases to identify regional and local emerging priorities 4. Promote active collaboration between research and other stakeholders Timeline 2017-2018: Stocktaking (1 & 3) and networking (2) 2019-2021: R&D promotion (2 & 3) and multi-stakeholder collaboration (4)
5. Problems for Pillar 3 Activities Limited mobilization of resources to the activities Weak domestic network among researchers in different organizations Fewer collaborations between research and other stakeholders Key to success: Greater participation in the activities Roles of Chair, Working Group and National Focal point
6. Pillar 3 WG at ASP WS in May 2015 Identified Gaps and their Priorities 1. Soil organic matter management (soil C dynamics, crop residue & livestock waste management, biochar) 2. Nutrient dynamics & management 3. Proper management of marginal soils 4. Remediation of problem soils 5. Development of indicators for SSM 6. Utilization of functions of soil microbes and biofertilizers for sustainable agriculture 7. Usage of molecular biotechnologies for soil diagnosis
7. Suggested Actions 1. Strengthening research networks in the region (ESAFS, international R&D Centers) One paper about WG3 discussion is submitted to ESAFS 2015 One session to discuss WG3 activity at ESAFS2017 To link WG3 activities to related international Workshops/Conferences To communicate with international R&D Centers for designing possible collaborative projects Pillar 3 WG at ASP WS in May 2015 2. Strengthening commitment of governments and funding agencies Information for R&D in each ASP country is compiled and provided to governments To organize science-policy interface Workshop in order to adjust common targets between scientists and policy makers/funding agencies 3. Increasing outreaching R&D results to farmers and other end-users Information for R&D outreaching activities in each ASP country is compiled
8. Main Topics of Discussion for Pillar 3 Activities (1) Activity 3.1: “Prove the return of investment in soil R&D” is too challenging, Change to “Compile evidences of the return of investment in soil R&D”. Activity 3.1.1: “Indicators for assessing the economic cost of soil degradation and the value of its rehabilitation” is too challenging, Delete “the economic cost of ” and “the value of “. Activity 3.1.2: There is a question to establish “new” task forces, because this requires that research projects are facilitated. Existing Pillar 3 WG can facilitate this activity, Rephrase Activity Description.
9. Main Topics of Discussion for Pillar 3 Activities (2) Activity 3.2: “Establish the Center of Excellence for Soil Research in the Asian region (CESRA)” is not realistic, Change to establish an international network of “soil science institutes and experts”, and Rephrase Activity Description of 3.2.1,….. But how the network be established? Existing Pillar 3 WG and its extension would be realistic. Activity 3.2.2: “Launch target R&D programmes” is too challenging, Change to “Develop research plans”. Activity 3.2.3: Promotion of R&D and mobilization of financial resources, How we can approach? … Possible to merge to Activity 3.2.2? Activity 3.2.4: Ensure governmental and institutional support, How we can approach?
10. Main Topics of Discussion for Pillar 3 Activities (3) Activity 3.3.3: Adapt and translate the scientific message to inform all stakeholders, Possible to integrate or collaborate with Pillar 2. Activity 3.3.4: Identification of key partners and stakeholders, Possible to integrate or collaborate with Pillar 2 or Activity 3.4.1. Activity 3.4.1: Identification of key stakeholders and potential donors, Overlap with Pillar 2, possible to collaborate with Pillar 2. Activity 3.4.2: Promote multi-stakeholder discussions, Overlap with Pillar 2 , possible to collaborate with Pillar 2. Activity 3.4.3: Carry out interdisciplinary soil R&D projects also involving, participatory approaches Possible to merge to Activity 3.2.2.