physical features of india

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Information about physical features of india

Published on May 14, 2010

Author: pranavam


Slide 1: The Peninsular Plateau The Peninsular Plateau is a table land composed of old crystalline, igneous and sedimentary rocks. It’s a part of the oldest landmass on the surface of the Earth. It has broad and shallow valleys, rounded hills Slide 2: The plateau consists of two broad divisions Central Highlands Deccan Plateau Slide 3: Central highlands lies to the north of Narmada river. It consists of Malwa Plateau also The extend of central highlands is from Vindhya to Aravalli. The slope of central highlands is from south-west to North-east. The rivers, Chambal, Sind, Betwa and Ken flow According to the slope of the plateau. Slide 4: Central highlands are wider in the west and narrower in the east. The eastward extension of the plateau is called, Bundelkhand Baghelkhand Slide 5: The Chota Nagpur Plateau is the eastward extension Of central highlands The Chota Nagpur Plateau is drained by Damodar river Slide 6: The Deccan Plateau is a triangular Landmass lying To the south of the Narmada river Slide 7: The Deccan Plateau is volcanic in origin and the soil Is black in colour. This black colour comes from the igneous rocks from which the soil has been formed. The Aravalli Range lies to the western and northwestern margins of the plateau. Aravalli is the oldest mountain range in Indian subcontinent. Slide 8: The Deccan Plateau is higher in the west and gently Slopes to the east. The Deccan Plateau has a eastern extension known as Meghalaya. Slide 9: The three prominent hill ranges in this region from West to east are, Garo Hills Khasi Hills Jaintia Hills Slide 10: The Western & Eastern Ghats The western and Eastern Ghats are the edges of the Deccan Plateau in both the directions. The western Ghats lie parallel to the western coast. The western Ghats are continuous and can be crossed through passes only. Slide 11: The three prominent passes in the Western Ghats are, Thal Ghat Bhor Ghat Pal Ghat Slide 12: The height of the western Ghats ranges from 900m to 1600m The height of the eastern Ghats is about 600m only. The eastern Ghats stretches from Mahanadi Valley to the Nilgiri Hills in the south. The eastern Ghats are discontinuous and are cut by the rivers Slide 13: The Height of the western Ghats increases Gradually. The Highest peaks include, Anai Mudi (2695m) Dodda Betta(2637m) Mahendragiri (1501m) is the highest peak in the Eastern Ghats

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