Philosophy assignment

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Information about Philosophy assignment

Published on February 15, 2014

Author: amina_h



Islamic philosophy of education


BREIF INTRODUCTION TO ISLAM Islam is a monotheistic Abrahamic religion originating with the teachings of Muhammad (SAW). The word Islam is derived from the Arabic word Aslama, which means “to accept, or "submission", or “the total surrender of oneself” to Allah.

BREIF INTRODUCTION TO ISLAM Islam provide us Religious values Laws of creation Action and attributes

PHILOSOPHY OF ISLAMIC EDUCATION The philosophy of Islamic education is based on the Islamic principles and concepts. That helps us in analyzing, criticizing and reconstructing the existing educational infrastructure and strives to produce new concepts.

BACKGROUND: FAMOUS MUSLIM PHILOSOPHERS There are number of Islamic philosophers who contributed to the field of philosophy of Islamic education like Imam-al Ghazali Imam-al Ghazali Ibn Sina or Imam-al Avicenna Ghazali Al-Farabi Imam-al Ghazali al-Kindi i

Areas of Islamic philosophy of education Metaphysical believes / ontology (ultimate reality: god and his attributes) God is ultimate reality God is the one who can be worshiped God is all knowing, living, everlasting, omnipotent, omnipresent, omniscient

Areas of Islamic philosophy of education Axiology: (values are universal, permanent and absolute) Values may be spiritual or material. Spiritual values govern the material values.

Areas of Islamic philosophy of education Ethics: The value of paramount importance is to develop in oneself Godley qualities like affection, impartiality, gracefulness, assistance etc. Aesthetics Inner beauty is more valuable than apparent one

Areas of Islamic philosophy of education Epistemology: (knowledge is mandatory for all men and women) According to Islamic philosophy of education nature of knowledge is generally of three types Empirical knowledge Observatory knowledge Deductive knowledge (Ilm al-Yaqin) Knowledge by inference (Ain al-Yaqin) Knowledge by perception (Haq al-Yaqin) Knowledge by personal experience or intuition

Educational Implications: main aims and objectives

Educational Implications Teacher is given the status of spiritual father. To bring man nearer to God Student’s character building is given importance because he/she is supposed to be an innocent soul. Teaching Methods: memorization, dictation, discussion, lecture method, in-depth study method etc.

Educational Implications Curriculum: In Islamic philosophy has two essential parts Revealed knowledge: Knowledge of Quran, sayings of prophet (S.A.W), beliefs and worship Acquired knowledge: beneficial for humanity like physics, mathematics, sociology, etc.

Educational Implications Leadership is democratic, based on service with consultancy. Evaluation done through oral or written tests.

Summary The philosophy of Islamic education is looking at the principles and concepts underlying education in Islam The three main areas of Islamic philosophy are Metaphysical believes: (ultimate reality: god and his attributes) Epistemology: (knowledge is mandatory for all men and women) Axiology: (are universal, permanent and not relative (absolute))

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