Published on March 11, 2014
THE STRUGGLE CONTINUES Philippines during 1897 – 1898
OBJECTIVES AT THE END OF THE LESSON, THE STUDENTS ARE EXPECTED TO: - Discuss intelligently the different historic events that happened in the Philippines from1897 -1899 - Appreciate the importance of Independence for the Filipino People - To apply the importance of freedom in a short presentation
THE SPANISH- AMERICAN WAR - Cuban Revolution won the sympathy of Americans Some influential Americans, like Theodore Roosevelt wanted war with Spain so that the American Navy could expand Spain was pre-occupied with two revolutions: one in Cuba and the other in the Philippines
February 15, 1898 The USS Maine (American battleship) exploded at Havana Harbor in Cuba. Spain was blamed for the mishap. More than 200 American sailors died. April 25, 1898 United States formally declared war on Spain
Battle of Manila Bay Commodore George Dewey – assigned to be the commander of the American Asiatic Squadron Admiral Patricio Montojo – Commander of Samish squadron May 1, 1898 – entered the bay in the early morning hours By 12:30 on the same day, Admiral Montojo „s fleet was already destroyed
Aguinaldo went to Singapore from Hongkong due to the pressure of the plagiarist of the Cuban Constitution to divide the Php 400,000 indemnity that was given by the colonial government to the rebels April 23, 1898 – Aguinaldo and his companion arrived in Singapore
Howard Bray visited Aguinaldo and asked Aguinaldo that E. Spencer Pratt (American Consul) wanted to interview him. In the Interview, Pratt told Aguinaldo that Aguinaldo should side with the Americans. He assured Aguinaldo that the US had no intention on making the Philippines a colony
April 26, 1898 – Aguinaldo and his companions sailed for Hongkong (British Colony at that time) Rounseville Wildman – told that Dewey had left instructions for the return of Aguinaldo to the Philippines Wildman told Aguinaldo to establish a Revolutionary Government in the Philippines so that he could easily take steps to continue the revolution against
HONGKONG JUNTA – Filipino Patriots in Hongkong Unanimously decided that Aguinaldo should return to the Philippines
Other details before our independence from Spanish Authority FAILURE OF THE LAST DESPERATE EFFORT BY GOVERNOR GENERAL BASILIO AGUSTIN TO APPOINT MESTIZOS IN THE CONSULTATIVE ASSEMBLY THE SECRET AGREEMENT - GENERAL FERMIN JAUDENES (SUCCEEDED AUGUSTIN) AND DEWEY/ GENERAL WESLEY MERRITT
THE MOCK BATTLE OF MANILA – AUGUST 13, 1898 - WALLED CITY (INTRAMUROS MANILA
FREEDOM AND INDEPENDENCE Philippines during1898-1899
MAY 24, 1898 – AGUINALDO FORMALLY ESTABLISHED DICTATORIAL GOVERNMENT WHICH HE DECLARED AS TEMPORARY FELIPE AGONCILLO ADVISED WAY BACK 1895 AGUINALDO TO LOOK FOR SOME PATRIOTIC AND DEDICATED MEN SUCH AS APOLINARIO MABINI OF TANAUAN
JUNE 12, 1898 - AGUINALDO SIGNED THE PROCLAMATION OF PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE IN KAWIT CAVITE JULIAN FELIPE – A MUSICIAN FROM CAVITE COMPOSED A MARCH TO BE PLAYED DURING THE INDEPENDENCE DAY CEREMONY “ MARCHA FILIPINA MAGDALO” – DECIDED BY AGUINALDO TO BE THE OFFICIAL MARCH OF THE PHILIPPINES MRS. MARCELA AGONCILLO - SEWN THE PHILIPPINE FLAG DESIGNED BY AGUINALDO AMBROSIO RIANZARES BAUTISTA – PREPARED AND READ IN SPANISH THE ACT OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
JUNE 23, 1898 – UPON THE ADVICE OF MABINI, AGUINALDO CHANGED THE GOVERNMENT FROM DICTATORIAL TO REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT
REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT Changed of title from Dictator to President Four Departments were created, namely: 1. Department of Foreign Affairs, Navy and Commerce 2. The Department of War and Public Works 3. The Department of Police and Internal Order, Justice, Education and Hygiene 4. The Department of Finance, Agriculture and Manufacturing Industry
REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT June 23 – Creation of Congress later known to be Malolos Congress ( happened in Barasoain Church in Malolos, Bulacan) MEMBERS OF CONGRESS: PRESIDENT : Pedro A. Paterno VICE PRESIDENT: Benito Legarda FIRST SECRETARY : Gregorio Araneta SECOND SECRETARY: Pablo Ocampo
REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT January 21, 1899 – Aguinaldo promulgated the Final version of the Constitution named as Malolos Constitution
IMPORTANCE It was the first important state document that the Filipino people, speaking through their representatives, had ever produced. Provided for national and individual rights not only of Filipinos, but also for foreigners Safeguards against abuses were provided According to the Constitution, the government that was established was “popular , representative, and responsible” Three branches was also indicated: the executive, the
Uniqueness of Malolos Constitution the assembly or the legislative branch was more powerful than the executive or the judicial branch it provided that when the Assembly was not in session, a Permanent commission, composed of the members of the Assembly would sit as a legislative body the Constitution established a unicameral legislature
THE FIRST PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC
JANUARY 23, 1899 INAGUARATION OF THE REPUBLIC. AGUINALDO TOOK HIS OATH OF OFFICE AS PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC TO MAKE THE EVENT MEMORABLE: AGUINALDO PARDONED ALL PRISONERS OF WAR WHO ARE NOT REGUKAR MEMBERS OF THE SPANISH ARMY AND SPANIARDS AND ALIENS WERE GRANTED THE RIGHT TO ENGAGE IN BUSINESS IN THE PHILIPPINES
THE FIRST PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC EDUCATION Aguinaldo included an item for education amounting to php 35,000. Provided a decree for the improved curriculum of the Burgos Institute PERIODICALS OF THE REVOLUTION La Independencia – most famous among nationalistic newspapers / Editor and part- owner was General Antonio Luna
The First Philippine Republic Filipino Diplomats : Felipe Agoncillo- United States, Mariano Ponce and Faustino Lichauco – Japan, Antonio Ma. Regidor – England, Juan Luna and Pedro Roxas – France, Eriberto Zarcal – Australia Treaty of Paris – Signed on December 10, 1898 between Spanish and American Peace Commissioners Spain turned over the Philippines to the United States for the sum of $ 20,000,000 as payment for the improvement made by Spain
GROUP ACTIVITY SHOW IN A SHORT ROLE PLAY THE IMPORTANCE OF FREEDOM AND INDEPENDENCE
SEARCH FOR THE INFORMATION ABOUT THE PHILIPPINE- AMERICAN WAR Assignment
1897 in the Philippines → 1898; 1899; 1900; Decades: 1870s; 1880s; ... 1897 in the Philippines details events of note that happened in the Philippines in ...
The history of the Philippines from 1898 to ... 1897. The terms of the ... 1898 proclamation of Benevolent Assimilation was announced in the Philippines on ...
Philippines: Polity Style: 1897-2016: ... 11 Apr 1899: treaty ceding Philippines by Spain to the United States of America proclaimed: 11 Apr 1899 - 3 Jan 1942:
Maps of the Philippines - The World of 1898: ... Call no.: Philippines. 1897-1899. i inch + 2 miles. ca. 1: 1,400,000. US Army. 3 copies Description: ...
... the Philippines had been struggling for ... and was elected president of the rebel government in 1897, ... Philippine-American War, 1899.
PHILIPPINES Paper Money, 1898-99 PHILIPPINES Paper Money ... 23.3.1897 - 1.4.1901. ... MABINI 21.1.1899 - 7.5.1899. Prime Minister, Revolutionary Gov ...
Philippines Index: Chronology. 17 ... (chairman Revolutionary Government to 1 Nov 1897) Dictator 12 Jun 1898 - 23 Jan 1899 Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy ...
Philippine-American War, 1899-1902 ... They arrived in the Philippines on July 30 and Aug. 1, 1899. ... 1897, then-Major Paua, Col ...
Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines - National Government Portal ... The 1899 Malolos Constitution. LA CONSTITUCIÓN DE MALOLOS: