Phd Successful Approach

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Published on May 11, 2011

Author: Altawell

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Presentation held at Dundee University on 19 January 2011 for postgraduate students for the purpose of providing guidelines and advice on how to complete their PhD research degrees, successfully.

Dr. Najib Altawell The Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy (CEPMLP) Dundee University January 2011 PhD - Successful Approach -

Agenda The Supervisor Year 1 – Literature Review and Methodology Outline Year 2 – Methodology Structure Research Work *Year 3 – Additional Data and Final Results *Year 4 – Thesis Writing Viva (Presentation - Sample) Recommendations * Number of Years (Research degree ‘PhD’) can be 3 or 4

The Supervisor

Year 1 – Literature Review and Methodology Outline

Year 2 – Methodology Structure

Research Work

*Year 3 – Additional Data and Final Results

*Year 4 – Thesis Writing

Viva (Presentation - Sample)

Recommendations

* Number of Years (Research degree ‘PhD’) can be 3 or 4

The Reason I am doing my PhD… because…..! To Be Trained As An independent Researcher Why Research? Original work! You Are Spending Four Years (or maybe more) of your life! PhD?

Your Supervisor Approach Three Types 1 out of 4 PhD Students -Have Problems Supervisors- The Supervisor

Your Supervisor Approach

Three Types

1 out of 4 PhD Students

-Have Problems Supervisors-

Literature Review and Methodology Outline Example: Five - Seven Months Several Outlines For The ‘New Methodology’ Year One

SMART S pecific M easurable A greed R ealistic T ime Bound Aims and Objectives

Example : Aim/Aims Aim To apply a system approach to biomass materials for the purpose of finding the most economical and efficient types capable of producing sufficient energy on commercial scale

Example: 1. To focus on locally produced biomass materials 2. To design and implement a new methodology for biomass energy, with reference to other renewable sources of energy 3. To convert the new methodology into a friendly user software 4. To maximise the energy output from various types of biomass materials 5. Identify engineering solutions that can make the biomass adaptable to present and future electricity generating devices 6. Minimum processing requirements for biomass 7. Formulate technology needed for longer storage life 8. Less unwanted by-products from co-combustion Objectives

The Pyramid Example: Step Three Business Business Step Two ‘ Scientific & Technical’ Step One ‘ Regulations & Environmental Issues’

Initial Approach: Example

Methodology Structure Research (Laboratory) Work & Compiling REA* Methodology Software Sponsor: e.g. E-ON REA = Renewable Energy Analyser Year Two Example:

Year Three Additional Data (Survey Method) & Final Results Data from the survey method Data from laboratory tests Data from the commercial environment Example:

Additional Data (Survey Method)

&

Final Results

Data from the survey method

Data from laboratory tests

Data from the commercial environment

Presentation Part of The Continuous Training Process One presentation/year (sponsor e.g. 2 – 3 months) Results: Third Year Presentation & Conference Presentation

Thesis Writing Instructions From Your Supervisors Example: 6 – 12 Months Year Four

Who Will Be Present During Your Viva? External Examiner Internal Examiner Viva

Who Will Be Present During Your Viva?

External Examiner

Internal Examiner

What was the research about? Why there was a need for this kind of research? How it has been done? What has been found? What are the implications of these? Questions

What was the research about?

Why there was a need for this kind of research?

How it has been done?

What has been found?

What are the implications of these?

Example: ‘ In Sweden today, power production with bio-energy systems is more costly than with fossil energy system’ (Gustavsson L., et al. 1998) 1. COST

Example:

‘ In Sweden today, power production with bio-energy systems is more costly than with fossil energy system’

(Gustavsson L., et al. 1998)

1. COST

Example: ‘… ..What about the selection of the biomass materials?’ 2. Selection

Example:

‘… ..What about the selection of the biomass materials?’

2. Selection

Risks Someone else has already published your work! Loss of data, computer damaged/stolen (back-up) The actual research is different than the original proposal lack of motivation Supervisor leaves Sickness Personal problems Laboratory Hazards Difficulty in accessing resources and equipment

Risks

Someone else has already published your work!

Loss of data, computer damaged/stolen (back-up)

The actual research is different than the original proposal lack of motivation

Supervisor leaves

Sickness

Personal problems

Laboratory Hazards

Difficulty in accessing resources and equipment

Your Project Gantt Chart Dates (starting and finishing for each task) Relationships between tasks Regular feedback from your supervisor

Your Project

Gantt Chart

Dates (starting and finishing for each task)

Relationships between tasks

Regular feedback from your supervisor

Monthly Report Results of the past month and how do you value them! Any Deviation from the original plan? Next month tasks and how to achieve them!

Monthly Report

Results of the past month and how do you value them!

Any Deviation from the original plan?

Next month tasks and how to achieve them!

Conferences At least one conference per year Get Involved/Connect With ‘The Experts’ Oral or Poster Presentation

Conferences

At least one conference per year

Get Involved/Connect With ‘The Experts’

Oral or Poster Presentation

DATADATADATADATADATADATADATADATA Collecting Data on every step Analysis of Data Writing (It is part of your thesis materials) Publishing

DATADATADATADATADATADATADATADATA

Collecting Data on every step

Analysis of Data

Writing (It is part of your thesis materials)

Publishing

Thesis Writing and Time Management ’ Thesis Writing’ Calendar Supervisor Chapter One Chapter Two Chapter Three Chapter Four Chapter Five Chapter Six Chapter Seven Abstract/Introduction/Summary Thesis Submission Viva

Thesis Writing and Time Management

’ Thesis Writing’ Calendar

Supervisor

Chapter One

Chapter Two

Chapter Three

Chapter Four

Chapter Five

Chapter Six

Chapter Seven

Abstract/Introduction/Summary

Thesis Submission

Viva

Thesis cover sheet Contents Figures and/or Tables Abstract Acknowledgements Introduction Literature Review Materials and Methods Results Discussion Conclusion & suggestions for further work References Appendices Thesis regulations: e.g. Max. and Min. number of words, etc. Standard Thesis: The Overall Make-Up Copyright waiver Declaration Publications Conferences Attended

Thesis cover sheet

Contents

Figures and/or Tables

Abstract

Acknowledgements

Introduction

Literature Review

Materials and Methods

Results

Discussion

Conclusion & suggestions for further work

References

Appendices

Thesis regulations: e.g. Max. and Min. number of words, etc.

Final Steps Final editing - including issues related to layout/binding/printing Clarification for some sections of thesis, if needed! Whatever spare-time left use it to look for a job!

Four Years is not enough? You Need more time? Time and planning is your Responsibility Also The responsibility of your Supervisor & Institute Extension Extension Extension Extension Extension Extension Extension Extension

Your voice (It is not just what you say; it is how You say it!) Speak Clearly and Do not Rush Do not deviate from your subject ‘ Presentation’ is not ‘Conversation’ Avoid monotone, i.e. By changing the speed and the pitch of your voice and pause at key points you will create an atmosphere of interest Body Language and Facial expressions Look at the audience during your talk (with eye contact, rapport can be created with the audience) Express alertness and interest in the subject Final Presentation: Viva

Your voice

(It is not just what you say; it is how

You say it!)

Speak Clearly and Do not Rush

Do not deviate from your subject

‘ Presentation’ is not ‘Conversation’

Avoid monotone, i.e. By changing the speed and the pitch of your voice and pause at key points you will create an atmosphere of interest

Body Language and Facial expressions

Look at the audience during your talk (with eye contact, rapport can be created with the audience)

Express alertness and interest in the subject

Congratulations! You have completed ‘successfully’ your PhD What next?

Congratulations!

You have completed ‘successfully’ your PhD

What next?

Post-Doc Industry Academia Or Something completely different?

Thank you for listening. Questions?

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