Published on March 4, 2014
Chrissi Nerantzi PhD student, Edinburgh Napier University Academic Developer Manchester Metropolitan University @chrissinerantzi image source: http://www.boba.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/Boba.BabyFeetWalking.jpg Developing a flexible collaborative learning framework for open cross-institutional Academic Development courses at postgraduate level Postgraduate Research Conference, Edinburgh Napier University 3 April 2014 year 1: my first baby steps
borrowed from a presentation by Prof. Grainne Conole
by 2020 all teachers in HE to hold a teaching qualification! quality teaching initial and continuous professional development opportunities to grow as teachers cross-institutional, crosscultural programmes authentic, collaborative development opportunities, learning communities call to open-up and joinup provisions towards open educational practice EU’s role: discussion shift culture support http://ec.europa.eu/education/higher-education/doc/modernisation_en.pdf
How about a map for nonMOOC open educational offers?
Professional Development of Teachers in HE Teaching qualifications, Professional recognition, MA, EdD, PhD, informal CPD
open-& join-up cross-institutional approaches
aim of my PhD research to develop a flexible collaborative learning framework for open cross-institutional Academic Development courses at postgraduate level
Phenomenography “to describe and analyse individuals’ experiences as they are lived in a relatively limited number of qualitatively different ways” (Marton, 1981, 181)
multiple-case study approach to allow the study of related activities, features and experiences in different natural settings to analyse in depth the individual and collective experience from three specific cases and help to answer the research questions. (Stake, 1995)
http://fdol.wordpress.com/ 3 cases http://globaldimensionsinhe.wordpress.com/ ?
Data collection instruments main: semi-structured phenomenographical interviews secondary: initial & final survey instruments
Help!!! “we cannot specify exact techniques for phenomenographical research. “ (Marton, 1986, 42)
Data analysis in phenomenography “The process is tedious, time consuming, laborintensive, and interactive. It entails the continual sorting and resorting of data. Definitions for categories are tested against the data, adjusted, retested, and adjusted again. There is, however, a decreasing rate of change, and eventually the whole system of meanings is stabilized.” (Marton, 1986, 43)
so far... •started writing thesis (focus on Academic Development, methodology) •capturing details of case 1 •data collection case 1 (FDOL132) completed – collaborative learning based on ProblemBased Learning (PBL)
case 1: Sep – Dec 13
Collaborative learning in FDOL132
COOL FISh (simplified PBL model) Step 2: Investigate How and where are we/am I going to find answers? Who will do what and by when? What main findings and solutions do we/I propose? Step 1: Focus What do we see? How do we understand what we see? What do we need to find out more about? Specify learning issues/intended learning outcomes Nerantzi & Uhlin, 2012 Step 3: Share How are we going to present our findings within the group? What do we want to share with the FDOL community? How can we provide feedback to another group? What reflections do I have about my learning and our group work?
FDOL132 • • • • • Open cross-disciplinary professional development course for teachers in HE Developed and organised by Academic Developers in the UK and Sweden Developed using freely available social media Offered from September – December 2013 Pedagogical design: simplified Problem-Based Learning Nubers • Registered: 107 • FDOL132 community in G+ : 72 • Signed up for PBL groups: 31 • PBL groups: initially 8-9 in each x 4 > then 3 (group 2: 6, / group 3: 5 / group 4: 6) • PBL facilitators: 4 • Participants in webinars: 10-25 • Participants known to have completed: 13 (14%) all from groups (31 in groups then 42%) •Countries • UK - 66 • Sweden – 17 • Canada – 4 • Ireland – 2 • also participants from: Hongkong, Argentina, Greenland, Switzerland, New Zeeland, Slovenia, Belgium, New Zealand, Norway participants in study 19
Findings: initial survey 17 completed the survey Countries: UK 37%, Sweden 37%, other 26% Age range: 35-54 82% Gender: 35% male, 65% female Qualifications: 53% Doctoral qualification, 35% Postgraduate qualification, 12% undergraduate qualification •All employed ( 88% HE and 12%Public Sector) •Participated in online courses before 88 % •Participated in an open online course before 47% Prior experience Working in groups 77% Problem-Based Learning 30% Online collaboration 38% Social media in a professional capacity 50% Learning values to be an open learner To connect with others To collaborate To be supported by a facilitator Application to practice
Findings: final survey Final survey: 11 completed the survey Mode of participation Group member 91% Autonomous learner 9% Study hours per week 55% 3 h, 27% 5h, 18% over 5 Main reason for not participating in a specific aspect of the course: TIME Personal Learning goals achieved 100% Learning goals •Technologies for learning •Problem-based Learning •Learning in groups •Open learning •Open course design Learning values •Structured course •Variety of synchronous & asynchronous engagement opportunities •Flexibility •Resources •Communication •Feedback from facilitators, peer and others •Recognition for study •Group work > participation was often a struggle Facilitation (satisfaction) Support 100% Participation in online discussions 100% Provision of regular feedback 64%
Preliminary observations features important for learning before and after (using survey instruments) what participants valued for their learning initial survey final survey group work 100% 74% feedback 61% 97% recognition for study 47% 94% independent study 100% 100% facilitator support 100% 100%
a big wave http://users.atw.hu/aranykor/kepek/termeszet/3/nkep/hullam.jpg
Ahh. Panic. Panic. frustrated, confused, overwhelmed http://fc08.deviantart.net/fs71/f/2012/099/b/f/crazy_chick_by_billiejett-d4viqcr.jpg
it all hits you at once http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/31/AC-130A_pylon_turn.jpg
interviews voices preliminary findings •Motivations: to be a student, CPD, PBL, TEL to enhance own practice •Overwhelmed at the start •Valued group work but found very challenging – learning in a microcosmos made experience personal •Valued working with colleagues from different disciplines/countries – language barriers, different levels of commitment, time •Smaller groups worked better, learning from and with others valued •Time was a massive challenge •Seeing the other person made collaboration real (hangouts, webinars – also a challenge to participate) •Individuals working towards credits more motivated, but also seemed to motivate other group members •Tensions for learners working towards credits: assessment tasks separated from group tasks. Course assessment was prioritised. This meant less time for group work. Quality of output perceived as poor. Too much focus on output. •Active participation, facilitators’ presence and active engagement and interaction with individuals made a difference •Valuable and positive experience overall, learning and development, examples of application to practice
• • • • • continue working on the literature review (collaborative learning, open learning) methodology data analysis case 2 (Global Dimensions in HE) identify case 3
References European Commission (2013) High Level Group on the Modernisation of Higher Education. Report to the European Commission on Improving the quality of teaching and learning in Europe’s higher education institutions, European Union, available at http://ec.europa.eu/education/higher-education/doc/modernisation_en.pdf [accessed 20 February 2014] Marton, F. (1986) Phenomenography – A Research Approach to Investigating Different Understandngs of Reality, in: Journal of Thought. Fall 1986, 21, 3, Periodicals Archive Online, pp. 28-49. Marton, F. (1994) Phenomenography as a Research Approach, Husen, T. and Postlethwaite, N. (2nd ed) The International Encyclopedia of Education, Vol. 8, Pergamon, pp. 4424-4429, available athttp://www.ped.gu.se/biorn/phgraph/civil/main/1res.appr.html [accessed 3 Jan 2014]. Stake, R. E. (1995) The Art of Case Study Research. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Chrissi Nerantzi PhD student, Edinburgh Napier University Academic Developer Manchester Metropolitan University @chrissinerantzi Developing a flexible collaborative learning framework for open cross-institutional Academic Development courses at postgraduate level the journey continues... Year 2: turning into a toddler
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