Pendergast Finland Keynote

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Published on December 23, 2007

Author: Connor

Source: authorstream.com

Sustaining the Home Economics profession in New Times – A Convergent Moment:  Sustaining the Home Economics profession in New Times – A Convergent Moment Dr Donna Pendergast Aims of this presentation:  Aims of this presentation The establishment decade Convergent moments Revisioning and sustaining the profession – the New Home Economics Slide3:  Australia???? The establishment decade:  The establishment decade terminology, the name the connection of the profession with women’s work and how this was a significant achievement in the context of the first wave of feminism divergent foci and lack of separate subject matter Converging Events:  Converging Events History - A century of development and change in gender roles Patterns - Consumption, globalisation, abundance Generations – a sociocultural construction Context - New Times Family structure - Changes to individual and family characteristics Education for Sustainable Development – UNESCO 2005-2014 1. History - A century of development 1900 - 1910:  1. History - A century of development 1900 - 1910 1901 – Lake Placid conferences – Home Economics named 1903 – Australian women vote for the first time 1903 – Henry Ford founds the Ford Motor Company 1903 – The Wright Brothers’ first flight at Kitty Hawk 1905 – Einstein outlines his Special Theory of Relativity (E=mc2) 1907 – US Stock market crash 1908 – Hollywood is founded in the Los Angeles area 1911-1920:  1911-1920 1912 – Titanic sinks after hitting iceberg 1914 – World War 1 1916 – Treatment of war casualties helps develop plastic surgery 1916 – Margaret Sanger arrested for opening birth control clinic in Brooklyn 1917 – American Clarence Birdseye develops freezing for use in the preservation of food Slide8:  1918 – British women over 30 win right to vote 1918 – Influenza pandemic killing more than 20 million 1920 – Sigmund Freud Introduction to Psychoanalysis 1920 – Oxford University admits women Emergency hospital for influenza patients 1921-1930:  1921-1930 1928 – Disney introduces Mickey Mouse 1928 – Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin 1927 – First home refrigerator by GE 1929 – Wall street crashes leading to world-wide economic depression 1930 – Invention of Perspex and plastics 1931-1940:  1931-1940 1936 – Charlie Chaplin speaks on flim for the first time 1936 – World’s first high definition television service launched by BBC 1938 – Orson Welles radio show War of the Worlds causes panic 1939 – Nylon stockings marketed 1939 – End of the Great Depression following the Wall Street Crash of 1929 1941-1950:  1941-1950 1942 – Nazis propose Final Solution 1945 – America drops atomic bombs on Hiroshima & Nagasaki 1945 – End of World War 11 1946 – Doctor Spock’s The Commonsense Book of Baby and Child Care Slide12:  1947 – Supersonic flight introduced 1947 – Invention of the transistor 1948 – World Health Organisation formed 1950 – Korean War begins 1950 – Mother Teresa establishes the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta 1951-1960:  1951-1960 1952 – Elizabeth becomes Queen 1956 – Fortran computer language is developed 1956 – Elvis Presley records his first hit 1957 – Launch of USSR Sputnik 1, the world’s first artificial satellite 1958 – Ultrasound used to diagnose disorders of the foetus 1960 – Contraceptive pill marketed 1961-70:  1961-70 1961 – Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man in space 1062 – John Glenn the first American to orbit the earth 1963 – Measles vaccine 1963 – John F Kennedy assassinated 1967 – First heart transplant 1966 – Indira Gandhi becomes first prime minister of India 1966 – Mao Tsetung begins China’s Cultural Revolution 1969 – American astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin land on the moon in Apollo 11 mission 1969 – Woodstock music festival 1971-1980:  1971-1980 1972 – CAT scanning introduced 1973 – Famine hits Ethiopia 1973 – Concorde developed as product of the Cold War 1975 – Bill Gates and Paul Allen offer to build BASIC complier for MITS – the start of what will become Microsoft 1977 – Apple 11 Commodore computers introduced 1978 – First test tube baby born in England 1979 – Margaret Thatcher becomes Britain’s first woman Prime Minister 1981-1990:  1981-1990 1981 – Scientists identify Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) 1983 – Microsoft announces Windows technology 1983 – first laptop computer 1985 – British Antarctic survey finds a hole in the ozone layer 1987 – World population passes 5 billion 1989 – Fall of the Berlin Wall 1989 – Tiananmen Square massacre 1990 – Human Genome project established 1991-2000:  1991-2000 1991 – WWW developed for the internet 1991 – Virtual Reality computer systems developed 1995 – Galileo space probe reaches Jupiter 1997 – Global HIV infection at 22.6 million cases 1997 – Scottish scientists succeed in cloning sheep “Dolly” 1999 – Japan legalises the Pill for women 2001+:  2001+ 2001 – September 11 terrorism attack on World Trade Centre 2001 – War on Terrorism Digital revolution continues, with SMS texting Robotics Genetic modification Our world has no boundaries …:  Our world has no boundaries … Slide20:  The emergence of electronically based, digital culture has begun to reorganise and reshape how people live their lives. These effects will become greater. 4th C - Alphabet literacy 15th C - Printing Press 20th C - Digital technology Dr Donna Pendergast 2. The effects of abundance Life expectancy At 65 years of age …:  2. The effects of abundance Life expectancy At 65 years of age … 1800 – you had been dead for 27 years (38) 1900 – you had been dead for 12 years (53) 2000 – you will have 12 – 15 years to go (80) 2100 – you will be halfway through your life (130) Obesity percentages in OECD countries:  Obesity percentages in OECD countries Obesity health issues:  Obesity health issues Type II Diabetes Heart Disease High Blood Pressure Sleep Apnea Osteoarthritis Gall Bladder Disease Fatty Liver Disease Cancer Asthma Chronic headaches Varicose veins Coronary artery disease Hernias 3. Generations:  3. Generations From Greek origins where literal sense is in procreation, the production of offspring A generation can also represent all the people born at the same time, sometimes called a generational cohort – usually extends around 22 Anglophone – someone who speaks English natively or by adoption Cultural background associated with the English language, regardless of ethnic or geographical differences Digital Immigrants V Digital Natives:  Digital Immigrants V Digital Natives Dr Donna Pendergast Slide27:  Events shaping Millennial’s Digital revolution, personal computers Internet, WWW, email Chat lines, Blogs SMS texting Multi-mediated communication School violence September 11 (marks the birth end) Terrorism (marks the birth end) 4. Context - New Times – New Basics:  4. Context - New Times – New Basics New student identities – changing notions of identity, family structures, poverty, social dislocation New economies – with a focus on globalized economies, communication across different media New workplaces – with a focus on the new work order, incorporating a shift to ‘expert novice’; new sectors of employment; employment insecurity New technology – including digital and multi-mediated communications technologies Diverse communities - increasing stress on the sense of neighbourhood, community and identity Complex cultures – blended cultures and loss of cultural boundaries (Education Queensland, 2000) 5. Major trends affecting families worldwide:  5. Major trends affecting families worldwide changes in family structures demographic ageing rise of migration HIV/AIDS pandemic (United Nations) The effect of these trends is ….:  The effect of these trends is …. “a challenge to the ability to fulfil basic functions of production, reproduction, socialization as well as needs of family members regarding health, nutrition, shelter, physical and emotional care and personal development” … “families should be at the center of any future social policy development”. UN Millennium Development Goals 2005-2015:  UN Millennium Development Goals 2005-2015 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Achieve universal primary education Promote gender equality and empower women Reduce child mortality Improve maternal health Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases Ensure environmental sustainability Develop a global partnership for development 6. Education for Sustainable Development:  6. Education for Sustainable Development “the core themes of education for sustainability include lifelong learning, interdisciplinary education, partnerships, multicultural education and empowerment” (UNESCO 2005:15). “no one discipline can or should claim ownership of Education for Sustainable Development” (2005:np). The societal goals of sustainability: environmental stewardship; social equity, justice and tolerance; and quality of life for all people in this generation and the next Revisioning and sustaining the profession – the New Home Economics:  Revisioning and sustaining the profession – the New Home Economics Slide34:  What place does home economics have in contemporary society? Can home economics be a vehicle for preparing students to live and work in the new economics and new workplaces, with new identities and new global challenges, where globalization is a central way of functioning and communication technologies mean an end to enclosure? Is home economics a redundant, failed institution, a relic left over from a bygone era? Evolution of home economics:  Evolution of home economics Slide36:  Ironically, just as the need for formal study that centred the home and family led to the emergence of home economics during the Lake Placid conferences one hundred years ago, contemporary society is again floundering in the wake of world events and societal evolution that has led to individual alienation, loss of sense of community, inequality, health crises, economic mismanagement and predicaments that challenge the stability of individuals, families and communities globally. It is my contention that we need to identify what the major trends are affecting individuals and families for this and the next generation, and to position the profession as a leader directing the political action around these issues. Slide37:  We need to ensure our students in classrooms are prepared to be active and global citizens in the information age. This means a major shift to the way we do home economics. To date, home economics as a lived culture has failed to recognise possibilities for reconstructing its own field beyond the confines of modernity and patriarchal societal practices, a problem that has led to the demise of the field at many levels and in many societal contexts due to a devaluing of the contributions of the field and the negative consequences of constant attempts to legitimise the field using societal models that ensure its marginality and devaluing. The task for the home economics profession is to reconfigure itself, without conforming to patriarchal power frameworks; to resist the ease of accepting the value structures dictated by patriarchy, and instead to look to a reconfigured way of approaching and positioning the profession for the contemporary world. Need for reconfigured cultural practice:  Need for reconfigured cultural practice splintering of specialisations & knowledge research typically conducted as a small & piecemeal body of work, lacking impact & cohesive potentialities loss of common professional purpose anti-intellectualism reluctance on the part of many professionals to be self-reflective about their own beliefs lack of respect for the academic world continuos struggles to gain legitimacy within patriarchal parameters apolitical orientation of many members of the profession dominance of transient social agendas driving home economics difficult relationship between feminism & home economics (Pendergast, 2001) Family as Sociospace:  Family as Sociospace Characterised by: imagined community: the construction and maintenance of social bonds and of support networks; and ability to operate across time-space boundaries: where ‘family’ members may no longer be in the same local time and place, but are able to utilise technology such as email, the web, telephone, to provide instant access Slide40:  “Want to combat the epidemic of obesity? Bring back home economics” The New York Times, 2003 “Children who can’t cook …can’t sew … can’t save” The Scotsman, 2005 I’ve always believed that home ec should be a required class in high school, it’s certainly more important than half the junk they do make you learn. My high school experience would have been a thousand times more valuable if I’d been able to take home ec instead of phys ed Yeah, and if you have decent home ec classes, feminazis will scream that schools are trying to suppress women etc etc Home ec is a failed institution that is degraded in the modern school system. “It may sound old fashioned, but teaching home economics is common sense …..to fight rampant consumerism, to reduce the divorce rate, to diminish child abuse, to prevent cancer and heart disease, and to ensure domestic tranquillity, this is all we have to do: Bring back home economics” (Austin, 1999). 5 Capitals model:  5 Capitals model Natural Human Social Institutional Produced Creating positive capital:  Creating positive capital The name - rebrand Fragmentation of the field Contestation of curriculum Academic evolution - three essential dimensions: a focus on fundamental concerns of family and everyday life and their importance both at the individual and near community levels, and also at societal and global levels; the coalescing of knowledge, processes and skills from multiple disciplines synthesised through interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary inquiry and pertinent theoretical paradigms; and demonstrated capacity to take critical/ transformative/ emancipatory action to enhance wellbeing and to advocate for individuals, families and communities at all levels and sectors or society Tools for action – personal and collective:  Tools for action – personal and collective Get out of the legitimacy trap – stop being compliant Get a clear brand – make it a priority Get one/some celebrity/champions – identify innovators, promote them, get them communicating Get beyond volunteerism – pool resources locally and globally so that the profession is collaborative, not competitive Get political – always act strategically Get a world view – understand the key issues facing families and individuals. This is the focus of home economics. IFHE is on several UN committees. Get a handle on local issues – these will reflect global issues Get relevant curriculum – focus on developing lifelong learning attributes in students and the capacities associated with expert novice development … more tools for action :  … more tools for action Get digital skills – get current Get strategies for retaining X geners – they want challenge, reward, recognition Get Y Generation savvy – they want things to happen quickly, want friendships and relationships that last, want to work in teams, they are optimistic and confident …. Get tertiary qualifications in place – whilst the first round of the academic wars are lost, the battle isn’t – get a research agenda forming coalitions and collaboration Get parents on side – these people care about the future Get a succession plan – plan for the future of the profession Get networked, preferably internationally – the national boundaries are down now Creating a preferred future for the home economics profession….:  Creating a preferred future for the home economics profession…. Where do we want to be in 2015 …. 2020 …. 2030 …. and beyond, and how do we get there? A history of passive compliance …..a future of active creation …

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