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Pedigree Charts Powerpoint

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Information about Pedigree Charts Powerpoint
Education

Published on August 26, 2008

Author: aus_autarch

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Summary of Pedigree Chart symbols.
How to use pedigree charts to analyse genetic conditions
Please note: this resource found on a fileserver on the internet. Author unknown.
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Pedigree Charts The family tree of genetics

Overview What is a pedigree? Definition Uses Constructing a pedigree Symbols Connecting the symbols Interpreting a pedigree

What is a pedigree?

Definition

Uses

Constructing a pedigree

Symbols

Connecting the symbols

Interpreting a pedigree

What is a Pedigree? A pedigree is a chart of the genetic history of family over several generations. Scientists or a genetic counselor would find out about your family history and make this chart to analyze.

A pedigree is a chart of the genetic history of family over several generations.

Scientists or a genetic counselor would find out about your family history and make this chart to analyze.

Constructing a Pedigree Male Female

Male

Female

Connecting Pedigree Symbols Fraternal twins Identical twins Examples of connected symbols:

Fraternal twins

Identical twins

Connecting Pedigree Symbols Married Couple Siblings Examples of connected symbols:

Married Couple

Siblings

Example What does a pedigree chart look like?

What does a pedigree chart look like?

Symbols in a Pedigree Chart Affected X-linked Autosomal carrier Deceased

Affected

X-linked

Autosomal carrier

Deceased

Interpreting a Pedigree Chart Determine if the pedigree chart shows an autosomal or X-linked disease. If most of the males in the pedigree are affected the disorder is X-linked If it is a 50/50 ratio between men and women the disorder is autosomal.

Determine if the pedigree chart shows an autosomal or X-linked disease.

If most of the males in the pedigree are affected the disorder is X-linked

If it is a 50/50 ratio between men and women the disorder is autosomal.

Example of Pedigree Charts Is it Autosomal or X-linked?

Is it Autosomal or X-linked?

Answer Autosomal

Autosomal

Interpreting a Pedigree Chart Determine whether the disorder is dominant or recessive. If the disorder is dominant, one of the parents must have the disorder. If the disorder is recessive, neither parent has to have the disorder because they can be heterozygous.

Determine whether the disorder is dominant or recessive.

If the disorder is dominant, one of the parents must have the disorder.

If the disorder is recessive, neither parent has to have the disorder because they can be heterozygous.

Example of Pedigree Charts Dominant or Recessive?

Dominant or Recessive?

Answer Dominant

Dominant

Example of Pedigree Charts Dominant or Recessive?

Dominant or Recessive?

Answer Recessive

Recessive

Summary Pedigrees are family trees that explain your genetic history. Pedigrees are used to find out the probability of a child having a disorder in a particular family. To begin to interpret a pedigree, determine if the disease or condition is autosomal or X-linked and dominant or recessive.

Pedigrees are family trees that explain your genetic history.

Pedigrees are used to find out the probability of a child having a disorder in a particular family.

To begin to interpret a pedigree, determine if the disease or condition is autosomal or X-linked and dominant or recessive.

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