Peanut Program

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Information about Peanut Program
Education

Published on January 25, 2008

Author: Tommaso

Source: authorstream.com

Peanut Provisions of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002:  Peanut Provisions of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 New Peanut Program:  New Peanut Program Eliminates Quota Provides a Quota Buyout Establishes a Marketing Loan for Peanuts Peanut Base Direct Payment Counter Cyclical Payment Sources of Income:  Sources of Income Production Related Market Sales Marketing Loans Non-Production Related Direct Payments Counter Cyclical Buyout Base Payments Quotaholders Slide4:  Producers Have Two Separate Decisions To Make What Bases To Have To Maximize Payments? Direct Payments (DP) and Counter Cyclical Payments (CCP) are tied to Base acres and what you produce or not produce has no bearing on these payments. What Crops To Produce? LDP’s/POP’s or Marketing Loan Gains (MLG) are the only payments tied to actual production. Producing for cash+LDP or the loan rate. Basic Peanut Provisions:  Basic Peanut Provisions Slide6:  Comparison Program @ 325/ton Peanuts *Additional peanuts **No Specifics on Calculating LDP are Known Establishment of Peanut Base for each Historic Peanut Producer:  Establishment of Peanut Base for each Historic Peanut Producer Program Yield Average yield for 1998-2001 excluding any year peanuts were not planted May substitute for a farm up to 3 years when peanuts were planted the county average yield from 1990-1997 Base Acreage Average acreage planted for 1998-2001, including years of zero acreage. Prevented planted included. Base acres cannot exceed actual cropland on the farm. Exception for double-cropping. Assignment of Peanut Base:  Assignment of Peanut Base Deadline is set as March 31, 2003 Can assign to own farm or another farm in the same state or a contiguous state (must be a historical producer in the state or a producer in the state on Mar. 31) One time assignment Direct Payments:  Direct Payments Upfront, fixed payment Payment rate = $36/ton DP = (payment rate x (base acres x .85) x farm program yield) Example: $36 (or $0.018/lb) x 100 x 85% x 1.5 tons (or 3000 lb) = $4,590 = $45.90/acre Option to receive 50% in advance after December 1 of each calender year Counter-Cyclical Payments:  Counter-Cyclical Payments Target price - Effective price Counter-cyclical payment rate ($/ton) Effective price equals the higher of market price or loan rate plus the direct payment rate CCP = CCP rate x Base acres x 85% x Farm Program Yield Example: $495 – ($355 + $36) * 100 ac. x .85 x 1.5 tons (or 3000 lb) = $13260 = $132.26/acre Timing of CCP Payments:  Timing of CCP Payments As soon as “practicable” after the end of the 12-month marketing year PARTIAL PAYMENTS: 1st payment : Up to 35% in October 2nd payment: Another 35% in February not to exceed 70% of estimated payment Marketing Loan:  Marketing Loan Non-recourse Marketing Loan for all peanuts produced. LDP could be taken on peanuts instead of actually taking out a loan. 9 month loan beginning the 1st day of month after the month in which the loan is made Generic Marketing Certificates allowed CCC pays cost of storage, handling & associated costs for loan peanuts Loan Deficiency Payment / Market Loan Gain:  Loan Deficiency Payment / Market Loan Gain LDP/MLG = Loan Rate – “Loan Repayment Price” No specifics are available on what how the Loan Repayment Price will be calculated for peanuts. This price would be similar to “posted county price” for corn or the “adjusted world price” in cotton. Examples: Loan Rate LRP LDP/MLG 355 – 300 = 55 355 – 350 = 5 355 – 400 = 0 Payment Limitations:  Payment Limitations Separate limitations for Peanuts Direct Payments = $40,000 Counter-Cyclical = $65,000 LDP/MLG = $75,000 3 Entity & Spouse Rule Apply to effectively double the limits Generic Marketing Certificates allow use of loan after limitation is reached. For 2002 payments, refers to the Historic Peanut Producer, i.e. 1-entity limit on payments to the producer. Max Peanut Acres with $75,000 LDP Limit:  Max Peanut Acres with $75,000 LDP Limit Max Peanut Acres with $40,000 DP Limit:  Max Peanut Acres with $40,000 DP Limit Max Peanut Acres with $65,000 CCP Limit:  Max Peanut Acres with $65,000 CCP Limit Example Direct and Counter-Cyclical Payments, $ Per Base Acre:  Example Direct and Counter-Cyclical Payments, $ Per Base Acre Corn Cotton Peanuts Payment Yield: 85 bu. 650 lb. 2500 lb. Direct Rate: $0.28/bu. $0.0677/lb. $36/ton Target Price: $2.60/bu. $0.724/lb. $495/ton. Loan Rate: $1.98/bu. $0.52/lb. $355/ton. Difference Between Peanut and Cotton Payments, $ Per Base Acre:  Difference Between Peanut and Cotton Payments, $ Per Base Acre Cotton Peanuts Payment Yield: 650 lb. 2500 lb. Direct Rate: $0.0677/lb. $36/ton Target Price: $0.724/lb. $495/ton Loan Rate: $0.52/lb. $355/ton Buyout:  Buyout $0.11 per pound per year for five years Allows the option to take $0.55/lb. in lump sum payment in year of quotaowner’s choosing. Marketing Assessment?:  Marketing Assessment? Quota is eliminated No quota to assess for the $100+ million loss from 2001 crop Example Farm:  Example Farm *Using UGA CES Non-irrigated 2002 Budgets for yields and costs Whole Farm Budget Example:  Whole Farm Budget Example Returns per Acre & Price Comparisons :  Returns per Acre & Price Comparisons WHAT TO PRODUCE? Estimated Returns Above Variable Cost for Peanuts and Cotton, $ Per Acre:  WHAT TO PRODUCE? Estimated Returns Above Variable Cost for Peanuts and Cotton, $ Per Acre UGA Extension Ag Econ Webpage:  UGA Extension Ag Econ Webpage www.agecon.uga.edu Click on Extension (www.ces.uga.edu/Agriculture/agecon/agecon.html) Click on: Farm Bill 2002 Find: Presentations Decision Aid (Excel Spreadsheet)

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