PDU 110 Psychological Measurement: Types of Psychological Test

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Published on February 27, 2014

Author: mbakdos

Source: slideshare.net

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What are the types of psychological test?
(Lecture slides mostly in English)

Types of Psychological Test PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS SEMESTER GENAP 2013/2014 FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA Kuliah VII - 28 Februari 2014

One Day Objectives Mahasiswa dapat membedakan berbagai tipe alat ukur psikologis berdasarkan karakteristiknya; Mahasiswa memahami contoh-contoh alat ukur psikologis PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

Psychological Test ACCORDING TO… MODE OF ADMINISTRATION RATE OF PERFORMANCE BEHAVIORAL DIMENSION MEDIUM USED NATURE OF ITEMS MODE OF INTERPRETATION MODE OF SCORING SCOPE/APPLICABILITY PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

Mode of Administration types of psychological test according to…

Individual Test • administered to one person at a time; • useful for collecting comprehensive information, often used in clinical evaluations. • time, cost and labour
 intensive. image nonmajorsbiology.wordpress.com PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

Group Test • primarily designed for ‘mass-testing’, can be administered to more than one individual at time; • economical and time saving. image http://ucrtoday.ucr.edu PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

Rate of Performance types of psychological test according to…

Speed Test • timed tests, examine
 the subject’s speed
 of responding within
 the stipulated period
 of time; • test items are of
 uniform difficulty
 but time limit is such
 that no examinee can
 attempt all the items; • a pure Speed Test is a
 test composed of items
 so easy that the subject never gives a wrong answer. PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

Power Test • timed tests, examine the subject’s speed of responding within the stipulated period of time; • test items are of uniform difficulty but time limit is such that no examinee can attempt all the items; • a pure Speed Test is a test composed of items so easy that the subject never gives a wrong answer. image enjoyyourhealthylife.com PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

Behavioral Dimension Measured types of psychological test according to…

Achievement Test • achievement refers to a person’s past learning; • achievement tests are designed to measure a person’s past learning on accomplishment in a task, that is, group tests of achievement. image mattermore.files.wordpress.com PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

Aptitude Test • aptitude refers to an individual’s potential to learn a specified task under provision of training; • aptitude tests are designed to measure the subjects’ capability of learning specific task or acquiring specific skill. image tylerr15.files.wordpress.com PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

Personality Test • designed to measure a person’s individuality in terms of his unique traits and behaviour; • these tests help in predicting an individuals’ future behaviour. image sheyzeronie.deviantart.com PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

Medium Used types of psychological test according to…

Paper & Pencil Test • require the testee to read or write independently or to demonstrate the understanding of concepts at a symbolic level. • items of a paper-and-pencil test can be objective type, short answer type or extended answer type. image chocolatemintsinajar.com PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

Situational Test test a person by putting the testee in the actual or highly real life simulated conditions. image morenascorner.com PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

Nature of Items types of psychological test according to…

Verbal Test the tests in which responses of the testee are recorded in the verbal format and the emphasis is on reading, writing and oral expression. image suspensenovelist.blogspot.com PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

NonVerbal Test • those which emphasise but do not altogether eliminate the role of language by using symbolic materials like pictures, figures, and so on; • such tests use the language in instructions but in items they do not use language. image kworksconsulting.info PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

Objective Type Test the responses are of multiple choice types. Essay Type Test the responses are of long answer type. image certed.com PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

Mode of Interpretation types of psychological test according to…

NormReferenced Test • a Norm-Reference Test compares an individual’s results on the test with the statistically representative sample; • norms are available for standardised psychological tests, allowing for an understanding of how an individual’s scores compare with the group norms. image filipegil.deviantart.com PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

CriterionReferenced Test • the measure of performance that we expect to correlate with test scores; • the testee’s score is compared with an objectively stated standard of performance on that test. image rafaelhernamperez.files.wordpress.com PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

Mode of Scoring types of psychological test according to…

Self-Scored Test the testee himself can
 score his responses
 with the help of a
 scoring key. ExpertScored Test the test responses are scored by an expert person (generally the test administrator). image shenet.org PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

HandScored Test tests are the tests that are scored manually. MachineScored Test the tests that are scored with
 the help of a machine (computer aided). image 02varvara.files.wordpress.com PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

Scope/Applicability types of psychological test according to…

CultureSpecific Test considering cultural aspects that applied to some specific cultures. image india-forums.com PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

CultureFree Test not really considering cultural aspects that applied to some
 specific cultures; the tests can be
 universally used. image ipeacemeal.com PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

Want to Know More? Chadha, N. K. (2009). Applied Psychometry. New Delhi, India: Sage. PDU 110 PENGANTAR PENGUKURAN PSIKOLOGIS Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya ardhiati © 2014

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