Pathophysiology of osteoarthritis

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Information about Pathophysiology of osteoarthritis
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Published on March 13, 2014

Author: kawaljeetkang

Source: authorstream.com

Osteoarthritis (OA): Osteoarthritis (OA) Degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease Chronic slowly progressive deterioration of the joint Cartilage and formation of new bone development of cyst at the margins of the bone Diarthrosis joints TYPES :  TYPES Primary osteoarthritis Secondary osteoarthritis Trauma Inflammatory diseases Skeletal deformities Endocrine disorders Use of drugs Others Idiopathic causes : Trauma Inflammatory diseases Skeletal deformities Endocrine disorders Use of drugs Others Idiopathic causes ETIOLOGY Pathophysiology of osteoarthritis : Pathophysiology of osteoarthritis PowerPoint Presentation: Due to mechanical trauma or injury PowerPoint Presentation: Damage and destruction of the chondrocytes PowerPoint Presentation: Releasing of the cytokinase PowerPoint Presentation: Stimulation, production and releasing of the collagen digesting and proteolytic enzymes PowerPoint Presentation: Damage to the layers of cartilage PowerPoint Presentation: Destruction of the cartilage it becomes soft, loose and loss of elasticity PowerPoint Presentation: Subchondral bone becomes unprotected and formation of cyst and fissure develops within bone and cartilage PowerPoint Presentation: Breakdown of the cyst and leakage of the fluid in the synovial cavity PowerPoint Presentation: Inflammation and destruction of the joint capsule PowerPoint Presentation: Thickening and hardening of joint capsule `: ` Joint stiffness and pain PowerPoint Presentation: Due to mechanical trauma or injury Damage and destruction of the chondrocytes Releasing of the cytokinase Stimulation, production and releasing of the collagen digesting and proteolytic enzymes Damage to the layers of the cartilage Destruction of the cartilage it becomes soft,loose and loss of elasticity PowerPoint Presentation: Subchondral bone becomes unprotected and formation of cyst and fissure develops within the bone and cartilage Breakdown of the cyst and leakage of the fluid in the synovial cavity Inflammation and destruction of the joint capsule Thickening and hardening of joint capsule Joint stiffness and pain SIGN AND SYMPTOMS: SIGN AND SYMPTOMS Bouchard’s nodes swelling of PIP joints. Heberden’s nodes:swelling of DIP joints. COMPLICATIONS : COMPLICATIONS Chronic gout Spondylosis Chondromalacia Synovial osteochondromatosis Avascular necrosis

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