Past tense powerpoint

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Published on February 24, 2014

Author: richlauria

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Powerpoint presentation on the past tense from AzarGrammar.com (chapter 2 in the Advanced book).

CHAPTER CONTENT 2-1 2-2 2-3 2-4 2-5 2-6 2-7 2-8 CONTENTS Preview Expressing past time: the simple past Spelling of –ing and –ed forms The principal parts of a verb Common irregular verbs: a reference list Regular verbs: pronunciation of –ed endings Simple past and past progressive Expressing past time: using time clauses Expressing past habit: used to 1

CHAPTER 2: PREVIEW CHAPTER CONTENT Alada rides the bus to work. Yesterday it rained and her clothes got wet. Today she is taking extra clothes to work. 2

CHAPTER 2: PREVIEW CHAPTER CONTENT Alada rides the bus to work. Yesterday it rained and her clothes got wet. Today she is taking extra clothes to work. PRESENT TENSE 3

CHAPTER 2: PREVIEW CHAPTER CONTENT Alada rides the bus to work. Yesterday it rained and her clothes got wet. Today she is taking extra clothes to work. PRESENT TENSE PAST TENSE 4

2-1 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: THE SIMPLE PAST CHAPTER CONTENT We graduated from college in 2010. 5

2-1 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: THE SIMPLE PAST CHAPTER CONTENT (a) Our family ate lunch outside yesterday. (b) Adrianna studied for six hours last night. 6

2-1 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: THE SIMPLE PAST CHAPTER CONTENT (a) Our family ate lunch outside yesterday. (b) Adrianna studied for six hours last night. SIMPLE PAST activities or situations began and ended in the past (yesterday, last night, in 2007) 7

2-1 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: THE SIMPLE PAST CHAPTER CONTENT (c) They watched the movie last night. (d) Alexandra answered the question yesterday. watch + ed = watched answer + ed = answered 8

2-1 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: THE SIMPLE PAST CHAPTER CONTENT (e) We slept in tents at camp last summer. 9

2-1 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: THE SIMPLE PAST CHAPTER CONTENT (e) We slept in tents at camp last summer. (f) I understood most of the directions yesterday. Irregular past: sleep understand eat slept understood ate 10

2-1 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: THE SIMPLE PAST CHAPTER CONTENT (g) I was a lifeguard last summer. (h) They were in Belgium last month. Simple past forms of be was and were 11

2-1 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: THE SIMPLE PAST CHAPTER CONTENT REGULAR VERBS STATEMENT I-You-She-He-It-We-They started school last week. NEGATIVE I-You-She-He-It-We-They did not start school last week. 12

2-1 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: THE SIMPLE PAST CHAPTER CONTENT REGULAR VERBS QUESTION Did I-you-she-he-it-we-they start school last week? SHORT ANSWER Yes, I-you-she-he-it-we-they did. No, I-you-she-he-it-we-they didn’t. 13

2-1 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: THE SIMPLE PAST CHAPTER CONTENT BE- VERB STATEMENT I-She-He-It was home last week. We-You-They were home last week. NEGATIVE I-She-He-It was not home last week. We-You-They were not home last week. 14

2-1 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: THE SIMPLE PAST CHAPTER CONTENT BE- VERB QUESTION Was I-she-he-it home last week? Were we-you-they home last week? SHORT ANSWER Yes, I-she-he-it was. Yes, we-you-they were. No, I-she-he-it- wasn’t. No, we-you-they weren’t. 15

CHAPTER CONTENT 2-1 LET’S PRACTICE They were at the movies last night at 8:00. ? is NEGATIVE STATEMENT: They _______ at the movies last night at 8:00. weren’t ACCURATE, AFFIRMATIVE STATEMENT: They ____ at the grocery store last night at 8:00. were 16

CHAPTER CONTENT 2-1 LET’S PRACTICE This airplane was made in 1625. ? 1943 is NEGATIVE STATEMENT: wasn’t This airplane ______ made in 1625. ACCURATE, AFFIRMATIVE STATEMENT: This airplane was made in 1943. ___ 17

2-1 LET’S PRACTICE CHAPTER CONTENT Did Carla get a bad grade on her test? get ? NEGATIVE STATEMENT: Carla ________ a bad grade on her test. didn’t get ACCURATE, AFFIRMATIVE STATEMENT: Carla ________ an excellent grade on her test. got 18

2-2 SPELLING OF –ING AND –ED FORMS CHAPTER CONTENT We are learning to speak English. 19

2-2 SPELLING OF –ING AND –ED FORMS END OF VERB -e (a) smile smiling smiled CHAPTER CONTENT DOUBLE THE CONSONANT? NO hoped hope hoping -ing form: drop -e, add -ing -ed form: add -d 20

2-2 SPELLING OF –ING AND –ED FORMS END OF VERB Two Consonants CHAPTER CONTENT DOUBLE THE CONSONANT? NO (b) helped helping help learned learn learning Two consonants add -ing add -ed 21

2-2 SPELLING OF –ING AND –ED FORMS END OF VERB Two Vowels + One Consonant CHAPTER CONTENT DOUBLE THE CONSONANT? NO (c) rained raining rain heated heat heating Two vowels + one consonant add -ing add -ed 22

2-2 SPELLING OF –ING AND –ED FORMS CHAPTER CONTENT ONE-SYLLABLE VERBS END OF VERB One Vowel + One Consonant DOUBLE THE CONSONANT? YES (d) stopped stopping stop planned plan planning Double the consonant and add -ing add -ed 23

2-2 SPELLING OF –ING AND –ED FORMS CHAPTER CONTENT TWO-SYLLABLE VERBS END OF VERB One Vowel + One Consonant DOUBLE THE CONSONANT? NO (e) visited visiting visit offered offer offering First syllable stressed add -ing add -ed 24

CHAPTER CONTENT 2-2 SPELLING OF –ING AND –ED FORMS TWO-SYLLABLE VERBS END OF VERB One Vowel + One Consonant DOUBLE THE CONSONANT? YES (f) prefer preferring preferred admit admitting admitted Second syllable stressed, double the consonant add -ing add -ed 25

CHAPTER CONTENT 2-2 SPELLING OF –ING AND –ED FORMS END OF VERB -y (g) play enjoy DOUBLE THE CONSONANT? NO playing played enjoying enjoyed vowel + -y keep the -y 26

CHAPTER CONTENT 2-2 SPELLING OF –ING AND –ED FORMS END OF VERB -y DOUBLE THE CONSONANT? NO (h) worry worrying worried study studying studied consonant + -y -y + -ing -i -y + -ed 27

CHAPTER CONTENT 2-2 SPELLING OF –ING AND –ED FORMS END OF VERB -ie (i) die tie dying died tying tied -ie -y + -ing add -d 28

CHAPTER CONTENT 2-2 LET’S PRACTICE rain -ING form -ED form raining ________ ________ rained 29

CHAPTER CONTENT 2-2 LET’S PRACTICE study -ING form -ED form studying _________ _________ studied 30

CHAPTER CONTENT 2-2 LET’S PRACTICE lie -ING form -ED form lying _____ _____ lied Please don’t lie to me! 31

2-3 THE PRINCIPAL PARTS OF A VERB CHAPTER CONTENT They became friends. 32

2-3 THE PRINCIPAL PARTS OF A VERB CHAPTER CONTENT SIMPLE FORM Regular Verbs finish hope try Irregular Verbs see sing go Simple Form No final –s, –ed, or –ing 33

2-3 THE PRINCIPAL PARTS OF A VERB CHAPTER CONTENT SIMPLE PAST Regular Verbs finished hoped tried Irregular Verbs saw sang went Simple Past –ed for regular verbs 34

2-3 THE PRINCIPAL PARTS OF A VERB CHAPTER CONTENT PAST PARTICIPLE Regular Verbs finished hoped tried Irregular Verbs seen sung gone Past Participle –ed for regular verbs perfect tenses & passive 35

2-3 THE PRINCIPAL PARTS OF A VERB CHAPTER CONTENT PRESENT PARTICIPLE Regular Verbs finishing hoping trying Irregular Verbs seeing singing going Present Participle –ing for all verbs used with progressive tenses 36

2-4 COMMON IRREGULAR VERBS: A REFERENCE LIST CHAPTER CONTENT Somebody spent all my money. 37

2-4 COMMON IRREGULAR VERBS: A REFERENCE LIST SIMPLE FORM: awake SIMPLE PAST: awoke PAST PARTICIPLE: CHAPTER CONTENT awoken 38

2-4 COMMON IRREGULAR VERBS: A REFERENCE LIST SIMPLE FORM: forget SIMPLE PAST: CHAPTER CONTENT forgot PAST PARTICIPLE: forgotten 39

2-4 COMMON IRREGULAR VERBS: A REFERENCE LIST SIMPLE FORM: shave SIMPLE PAST: CHAPTER CONTENT shaved PAST PARTICIPLE: shaved/shaven 40

CHAPTER CONTENT 2-4 COMMON IRREGULAR VERBS: A REFERENCE LIST SIMPLE FORM: throw SIMPLE PAST: threw PAST PARTICIPLE: thrown 41

CHAPTER CONTENT 2-4 LET’S PRACTICE SIMPLE FORM: give SIMPLE PAST: gave _____ PAST PARTICIPLE: given _____ 42

CHAPTER CONTENT 2-4 LET’S PRACTICE SIMPLE FORM: sit SIMPLE PAST: ___ sat PAST PARTICIPLE: ___ sat 43

CHAPTER CONTENT 2-4 LET’S PRACTICE SIMPLE FORM: read SIMPLE PAST: read _______ read PAST PARTICIPLE: _______ 44

2-5 REGULAR VERBS: PRONUNCIATION OF –ED ENDINGS CHAPTER CONTENT She talked to me for an hour. talk/t/ talked 45

2-5 REGULAR VERBS: PRONUNCIATION OF –ED ENDINGS CHAPTER CONTENT (a) talked = talk/t/ k stopped = stop/t/ pp hissed = hiss/t/ watched = watch/t/ washed = wash/t/ voiceless sound + -ed /t/ examples: /k/, /p/ 46

2-5 REGULAR VERBS: PRONUNCIATION OF –ED ENDINGS CHAPTER CONTENT (a) talked = talk/t/ stopped = stop/t/ ss hissed = hiss/t/ watched = watch/t/ ch sh washed = wash/t/ voiceless sound + -ed /t/ , examples: /k/, /p/ /s/, /ch/, /sh/ 47

2-5 REGULAR VERBS: PRONUNCIATION OF –ED ENDINGS CHAPTER CONTENT ll (b) called = call/d/ n rained = rain/d/ lived = live/d/ robbed = rob/d/ stayed = stay/d/ voiced sound + -ed examples: /l/, /n/ /d/ 48

2-5 REGULAR VERBS: PRONUNCIATION OF –ED ENDINGS CHAPTER CONTENT (b) called = call/d/ rained = rain/d/ v lived = live/d/ robbed = rob/d/ bb stayed = stay/d/ y voiced sound + -ed /d/ examples: /l/, /n/, /v/, /b/, all vowel sounds 49

2-5 REGULAR VERBS: PRONUNCIATION OF –ED ENDINGS CHAPTER CONTENT t (c) waited = wait / d/ d needed = need / d/ e e / d/ e “t” or “d” + -ed 50

2-5 LET’S PRACTICE behave__ ? CHAPTER CONTENT 1. /t/ 2. /d/ 3. / d/ e behaved 51

2-5 LET’S PRACTICE CHAPTER CONTENT 1. /t/ 2. /d/ 3. / d/ behave__ /d/ e behaved 52

2-5 LET’S PRACTICE CHAPTER CONTENT 1. /t/ 2. /d/ 3. / d/ plant___ ? e planted 53

2-5 LET’S PRACTICE plant___ / d/ CHAPTER CONTENT 1. /t/ 2. /d/ 3. / d/ e e planted 54

2-6 SIMPLE PAST AND PAST PROGRESSIVE CHAPTER CONTENT He ran to work yesterday. He was running when the bus drove by. 55

2-6 SIMPLE PAST AND PAST PROGRESSIVE CHAPTER CONTENT THE SIMPLE PAST X (a) Edgar ran to work yesterday. (b) Pat drove to work this morning. began and ended at particular time in the past 56

2-6 SIMPLE PAST AND PAST PROGRESSIVE CHAPTER CONTENT THE PAST PROGRESSIVE X X (c) Edgar was running when the bus drove by. (d) They were eating when I got home. in progress was/were + -ing 57

2-6 SIMPLE PAST AND PAST PROGRESSIVE CHAPTER CONTENT THE PAST PROGRESSIVE X X (e) When the bus drove by, Edgar was running. (f) The bus drove by while Edgar was running. when = at that time while = during that time 58

2-6 SIMPLE PAST AND PAST PROGRESSIVE STATEMENT I-She-He-It CHAPTER CONTENT was talking. You-We-They were talking. NEGATIVE I-She-He-It was not talking. wasn’t talking. You-We-They were not talking. weren’t talking. 59

2-6 SIMPLE PAST AND PAST PROGRESSIVE QUESTION Was I-she-he-it Were you-we-they talking ? talking ? SHORT ANSWER Yes, I-she-he-it No, I-she-he-it was. wasn’t. Yes, you-we-they No, you-we-they CHAPTER CONTENT were. weren’t. 60

CHAPTER CONTENT 2-6 LET’S PRACTICE walk were walking Yesterday, the camels ___________ in the desert. 61

CHAPTER CONTENT 2-6 LET’S PRACTICE At 8:00, we began to work. work were working At 8:30, we ____________. 62

2-6 LET’S PRACTICE was waiting Marie __________ for the bus. wasn’t waiting Marie _____________ for a plane. CHAPTER CONTENT wait OR wait, not 63

2-7 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: USING TIME CLAUSES CHAPTER CONTENT Our son called while we were using the computer. 64

2-7 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: USING TIME CLAUSES CHAPTER CONTENT main clause time clause (a) After I exercised, I took a shower. main clause (b) I took a shower time clause after I exercised. (a) time clause main clause 65

2-7 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: USING TIME CLAUSES CHAPTER CONTENT main clause time clause (a) After I exercised, I took a shower. main clause (b) I took a shower time clause after I exercised. (b) main clause time clause 66

2-7 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: USING TIME CLAUSES CHAPTER CONTENT (c) I took a shower after I exercised. (d) Before I took a shower, I exercised. after before until as soon as while when subject + and verb = a time clause 67

2-7 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: USING TIME CLAUSES CHAPTER CONTENT (e) I exercised until I took a shower. (f) As soon as I exercised, I took a shower. until = to that time and no longer as soon as = immediately after 68

2-7 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: USING TIME CLAUSES CHAPTER CONTENT (g) Mary came home while I was studying. (h) When Mary came home, I was studying. main clause + comma + time clause time clause + comma + main clause 69

2-7 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: USING TIME CLAUSES CHAPTER CONTENT (i) When I rang the doorbell, it played music. First: I rang the doorbell Then: it played music when allows simple past in both clauses 70

2-7 EXPRESSING PAST TIME: USING TIME CLAUSES CHAPTER CONTENT (j) She was learning to ski while he was playing golf. two actions at the same time past progressive okay in both 71

2-7 LET’S PRACTICE CHAPTER CONTENT attend work were working While we ___________, our children were attending ____________ school. 72

CHAPTER CONTENT 2-7 LET’S PRACTICE fall asleep read Lynn _________ while she __________ fell asleep was reading a book. 73

2-7 LET’S PRACTICE CHAPTER CONTENT First: I went shopping. Then: I put the food away. I went shopping I put the food away After _____________, ________________. I put the food away I went shopping ________________ after ______________. 74

2-8 EXPRESSING PAST HABIT: USED TO CHAPTER CONTENT He used to be a baby, but now he is man with a family. 75

2-8 EXPRESSING PAST HABIT: USED TO CHAPTER CONTENT (a) I used to swim every afternoon. Now I work in the afternoon. (b) Fatima used to play piano, but now she plays the violin. (c) Jasmine used to laugh, but she doesn’t anymore. used to past situations no longer exist used to + simple form of a verb 76

2-8 EXPRESSING PAST HABIT: USED TO CHAPTER CONTENT (d) Did you used to swim every afternoon? (OR Did you use to swim every afternoon?) did + subject + used to (OR did + subject + use to) 77

2-8 EXPRESSING PAST HABIT: USED TO CHAPTER CONTENT (e) I didn’t used to swim every day, but now I swim every afternoon. (f) Fatima never used to love school, but now she loves it. For negative ideas, never is more common. 78

2-8 LET’S PRACTICE CHAPTER CONTENT Correct? The children used to swam in the ocean. 79

2-8 LET’S PRACTICE CHAPTER CONTENT Correct? No The children used to swam in the ocean. The children used to swim in the ocean. 80

2-8 LET’S PRACTICE CHAPTER CONTENT Correct? Were you used to ask questions in school? 81

2-8 LET’S PRACTICE CHAPTER CONTENT Correct? No Were you used to ask questions in school? Did 82

PHOTO CREDITS CHAPTER CONTENT Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education and its licensors. All rights reserved. Images used under license from: • Shutterstock, Inc. • Clipart, Inc. 83

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